Carre's Grammar School

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Carre's Grammar School
CGS Badge.jpg
Motto Por dysserver
(To deserve)
Established 1604
Type Grammar school;
Academy
Headteacher Mr N Law
Chair R A Hutton
Founder Robert Carre
Location Northgate
Sleaford
Lincolnshire
NG34 7DD
England Coordinates: 53°00′10″N 0°24′40″W / 53.00264°N 0.41098°W / 53.00264; -0.41098
DfE number 925/5403
DfE URN 137213 Tables
Ofsted Reports Pre-academy reports
Staff 49 teaching, 50 support
Students 714
Gender Male: from the beginning. Female: from September 2010, and Sixth-form only.
Ages 11–18
Houses Bristol,
Carre,
Lafford,
Welby
Colours Black, Yellow, Red
Website Carre's Grammar School

Carre's Grammar School is a selective secondary school for boys in Sleaford, a market town in Lincolnshire, England. Founded in 1604 by an indenture of Robert Carre, the school was funded by rents from farmland and run by a group of trustees. The indenture restricted the endowment to £20 without accounting for inflation, causing the school to decline during the 18th century and effectively close in 1816. Revived by a decree from the Court of Chancery in 1830, new buildings were constructed at its present site and the school re-opened in 1835. Faced with competition from cheaper commercial schools and declining rolls, Carre's eventually added technical and artistic instruction to its Classical curriculum by affiliating with Kesteven County Council in 1895. Following the Education Act 1944, school fees were abolished and Carre's became Voluntary Aided. New buildings were completed in 1966 to house the rising number of students. After plans for comprehensive education in Sleaford came to nothing in the 1970s and 1980s, Carre's converted to grant-maintained status in 1990. Foundation status followed and the school became an Academy in 2011. Plans to form a multi-Academy trust with Kesteven and Sleaford High School were announced in 2015.

Pupils generally sit examinations for ten General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) qualifications in Year Eleven (aged 15–16), and they have a choice of three or four A-levels in the sixth form, which is part of the Sleaford Joint Sixth Form consortium between Carre's and St George's Academy.

History[edit]

The first school[edit]

Carre's Grammar School was founded on 1 September 1604 by way of an indenture between Robert Carre and several local gentlemen. Carre granted 100 acres of agricultural land in Gedney to these men, who held the land in trust as feoffees. The lands were estimated to be worth £40 per annum and the indenture stipulated that £20 of this would be paid to the school master, while the remainder would be for the benefit of the town's poor.[1] The indenture stated that the school was to provide for "the better education of the Youth and Children born or inhabiting with their parents within New Sleaford, Old Sleaford, Aswarby, and Holdingham ... and in Quarrington, North Rauceby, South Rauceby, Anwick, Kirkby La Thorpe and Evedon."[2] It is not known whether there was any other school in the town prior to the foundation of Carre's, although the indenture appointed Anthony Brown, already a schoolmaster, as the master; it thus seems likely that Carre already operated a school and his indenture codified pre-existing arrangements.[3]

Although records exist from early in its history and the foeffees minute books survive, the location of the school is not documented between its foundation and 1653.[4] Throughout the 1620s the trustees reported problems receiving rents from the tenants in Gedney.[5] Although the school received a bequest from Robert Cammock in 1631, which provided an additional income of £4 per annum, no more followed;[6] the English Civil War also disrupted funding: rents were not collected between 1644 and 1646.[5] These financial problems were compounded by the nature of the land itself: it was agricultural and not urban, thus it did not increase in value significantly in the 17th century.[6]

The school's endowment remained fixed at £24 despite the Gedney lands increasing in value to £180 by the early 19th century; as a result, Carre's lagged behind other schools in the area and the school buildings fell into disrepair.[7] In 1783, the foeffees (by then, often called trustees) were compelled to spend £50 on improvements, but if they were completed at all, these proved inadequate: in 1794, the adjacent Carre's Hospital agreed that part of its building be pulled down to make way for a new schoolhouse. This did not materialise and pupils were being taught in the vestry at St Denys' Church by the early 19th century. In 1816, the trustees discontinued the master's salary because there were "no duties to perform" at the school.[8]

Revival, stagnation and modernisation[edit]

The trustees met in 1821 and agreed that "much good" could come from reviving the school.[9] In 1826, they purchased a house on Northgate at the cost of £545 3s. from one Mr Squires. In 1828, the trustees petitioned the Court of Chancery for a scheme, which was approved in 1830, providing the master with a salary of £80 per annum. In 1834, the Chancery also agreed to fund the rebuilding of the school at the site on Northgate.[10][11] Charles Kirk constructed it a cost of £1,168 15s.[10] With the buildings complete, the school reopened on 1 August 1835.[12]

The school maintained roughly 20 pupils on roll throughout the 1840s, but by 1858, this had fallen to just two free scholars and two boarders. When the charity commissioners inspected the school the following year, they recommended that an usher be appointed to teach "commercial education" to supplemented the Classics taught there.[13] In 1869, the Schools Enquiry Commission reported a "general dissatisfaction in the town" towards the school, finding "indifferent" discipline along with poor spelling, an inability to decline simple Latin nouns, and a low-level of arithmetic. According to the report, the "general wish in the town is for a commercial school".[14] Competition soon arose in the form of E. R. Dibben's commercial school at Mount Pleasant, Sleaford, and in 1876 locals were proposing that the trustees set a new scale of fees.[15] Although the trustees were reorgnaised in 1876, Britain's agriculture suffered from foreign competition in the 1880s, which contributed to a decline in the rolls; a subsequent reduction of fees in 1889 proved ineffective and only twelve boys were in attendance the following year.[16]

The Commissioner of Inquiries suggested that Kesteven County Council could support the teaching of art, modern languages and technical and scientific subjects through the Local Taxation Act 1890. In 1895, the governors agreed to affiliate the school with the Kesteven Technical Instruction Committee, which granted them £35. The headmaster, Samuel Brown, appointed an assistant master and his wife was employed to teach art.[17] The numbers rose: in 1897, there were 33 pupils on roll.[18] But, this rise also put strain on the school; the Committee granted a further £400 to pay for new accommodation and resources, but the Governors applied for £1,500 to build a new school. The Education Committee wanted this school to be coeducational, which caused lengthy debates between the governors and the councillors.[19] As it happened, Sleaford and Kesteven High School for Girls opened in 1902 as a private venture and in 1904, a new building was opened at Carre's, financed in part by the sale of the Gedney lands; boarding accommodation followed in 1906.[20] Following the Education Act 1902, Carre's received an allocation of £200 per pupil from the Board of Education, plus local authority assistance made in return for admitting pupils from local elementary schools.[20] From 1919, elementary school pupils sat the entrance exam each term and those who passed were allocated the places which remained after fee-paying students had enrolled.[20]

Post-war expansion and the comprehensive debate[edit]

The Education Act 1944 made secondary education available to all children up to the age of 15 and abolished fees for state-schooling; a 'tripartite system' of secondary schools was established to provide curricula based on aptitude and ability: grammar schools for "academic" pupils, secondary moderns for practical studies, and technical schools for science and engineering. Pupils were allocated to them depending on their score in the eleven-plus examination.[21] Carre's became a Voluntary Controlled Grammar School; from 1945 all entry was by the County Selection Examination.[22] By 1955, the school had 330 pupils on roll.[23] A major rebuilding programme began in the 1950s: £128,000 was set aside to rehouse the school in purpose-built facilities in buildings located adjacent to the pre-existing school-houses. The first phase was opened in 1956 and included art and handicraft rooms; the second phase was completed in 1958 when physics and chemistry rooms were added; the third came in 1965 with the opening of new biology and general science laboratories alongside other classrooms; the following year a new hall/canteen and kitchen opened. The final phase consisted of eight further rooms, built shortly afterwards.[24]

The educational opportunities for secondary modern pupils were limited compared to those at grammar schools, prompting criticism of the Tripartite system.[25][26] In 1965, the Labour Government issued Circular 10/65 requesting Local Education Authorities implement comprehensive schooling.[25][26] In 1971, Sleaford parents voted in favour of comprehensive education, but rejected the Council's proposals.[27] New plans were unveiled in 1973: Carre's would become a Sixth Form College fed by the other two schools.[27] Parents voted for the plans (1,199 to 628), albeit with a 50% turnout.[20] The County Council approved them, but allowed governors a veto.[28] Following negotiations with governors at Carre's, the scheme was revised in 1974 so that Carre's and the High School would become 11-18 schools; the secondary modern would be closed and its Church Lane site absorbed by Carre's.[29] Despite support from most staff and all three headteachers,[30][31] the new Lincolnshire County Council voted to return the scheme for further consultation in January 1975.[30] A three-school system was proposed by some councillors: the secondary modern would be consolidated at Westholme as a single-site 11-16 school; Carre's and the High School would remain and operate Sixth Forms.[32] After the Government ordered the Council to submit a comprehensive scheme in 1977, it voted to submit that proposal, which had become popular with parents.[33][34] But, in 1978, the Labour Education Secretary, Shirley Williams, dismissed it on grounds that the Sixth Forms would be too small.[35] The council then voted against the two-school system again.[36]

Grant-maintained status and Academy conversion[edit]

The 1979 general election brought a Conservative government to power and allowed the Council to shift its focus towards retaining Grammar Schools where they still existed and improving schools where work had been put on hold during the comprehensive debate;[37] despite 90% of English councils adopting comprehensive education, Lincolnshire had resisted.[25] Although the County Council began discussing the abolition of grammar schools again in 1985, opposition from parents at a public consultation in 1987 resulted in the plans being dropped.[38] With the question of its future resolved at last, Carre's applied for Grant-maintained status in 1989; the Education Secretary approved the proposals and formally granted the status in September 1990.[39][40] A grant of £650,000 funded the construction of a technology centre with a computer suite, which opened in January 1993.[41][42] Plans for a new sports hall were first discussed in 1990, but they only came to fruition in 1996, when Northgate Sports Hall opened. The Sports Council and the Foundation for Sport and the Arts donated £250,000 towards its construction; this was matched by North Kesteven District Council, while Carre's raised £50,000 towards the building work.[43]

When Grant-Maintained status was abolished in 1999, Carre's became a Foundation School.[44] Following a successful bid to the DfES, submitted in October 2002, the school was granted specialist Sports College status in 2003.[45] Four years later, an all-weather pitch was opened; costing £649,000 to lay, half of this cost was met by the Football Foundation.[46] In 2009, Carre's became a specialist Science College and a lead school for gifted and talented students.[47] A building programme costing £835,000 provided the school with food technology facilities and a two-storey Fitness Suite, which were opened in March 2011.[48][49] The school converted to academy status in August 2011.[50] In 2014, the governors announced their intention to bid for conversion to a multi-Academy trust and became a coeducational, selective school on a new site;[51] in February 2015, Kesteven and Sleaford High School announced its intention to join the proposed trust, a moved welcomed by Carre's.[52]

Curriculum[edit]

Key Stages 3 and 4[edit]

As of 2014, the school follows the National Curriculum in Year 7-11 and offers a range of GCSEs (national exams taken by students aged 14–16) and A-levels (national exams taken by pupils aged 16–18). The school has no affiliation with a particular religious denomination, but religious education is given throughout the school, and boys may opt to take the subject as part of their GCSE course.[53] Although morning assemblies take place and are Christian in nature, they are non-denominational.[54] Students participate in a number of educational visits and excursions throughout their school career and Year Eleven students are offered the opportunity to participate in a work experience programme.[55] The curriculum comprises English and drama, mathematics, French, history, geography, science, art, music, design and technology, information communications technology (I.C.T.), ethics and philosophy (religious education), physical education (P.E.), cookery, and citizenship, sex and relationships education; in Key Stage 4 (years 10 and 11), pupils also participate in careers and work-related learning.[56] In mathematics, students are divided by their ability into two bands.[57] Science is divided into Biology, Chemistry and Physics in year 9.[56] In the second year German or Spanish is added.[58] The use of information technology is central to all teaching and is taught as a subject in Key Stage 3; in year 9, all students study for the European Computer Driving License, a level 2 course in I.C.T. and pupils may opt to take Computing as a GCSE.[59]

Boys usually take nine or ten subjects for GCSE: English (language and literature), mathematics, a foreign language, all three separate sciences or Dual Certificate Science, as well as three other subjects from those listed above as well as business studies, with technology being divided into separate courses for Resistant Materials, Graphics, Electronics and Engineering; Mandarin is also available as an optional extra subject, but is studied after school.[56]

Sixth Form[edit]

Carre's and St. George's Academy operate the Sleaford Joint Sixth Form, which shares a common timetable between the two sites and allows for students to choose from a wide range of options at A-Level.[60] Students may choose to apply to be based at either school, where their pastoral and tutorial activities will take place. The Sixth Form, including Carre's, is co-educational. The majority of students take four A-levels subjects in Year 12, with most choosing to focus on three in Year 13. The Joint Sixth Form allows students to choose from a range of 65 optional vocational or academic subjects including: art and photography (separate A-Level or BTEC options), applied Science, biology, bricklaying, business (A-Level or BTEC), childcare, carpentry, chemistry, computing or ICT (A-Level or BTEC), drama or performing arts (A-Level or BTEC), electronics, engineering, English (language and/or literature), film or media studies, French, German, geography, government and politics, health and social care, history, hospitality and catering, law, mathematics and further mathematics, music (A-Level or BTEC), philosophy and ethics, psychology, physical education or sport (A-Level or BTEC), physics, product Design, public Services, light vehicle maintenance, Spanish, sociology, travel and tourism, and work skills. In addition, students may participate in General Studies at A-Level, and a range of extra-curricular activities, including the Duke of Edinburgh Award scheme.[61]

Examinations[edit]

In 2013, 100% of pupils achieved at least five GCSEs at grade A*-C and 96% achieved that including English and Maths GCSEs, the eighth highest percentage in Lincolnshire.[62] Figures for the 2010/11 cohort show that 86% of Key Stage 4 pupils at the school carried on to the Sixth Form.[63] At A-Level, 85% of pupils in 2013 attained three A-Levels at grades A*-E and 11% achieved three A-Levels at grades AAB including at least two "facilitating subjects"; the average point score per qualification was 201.7, equating to a C- grade, and the average point score per student was 823.1.[63] The Sunday Times ranked Carre's 101st (49th amongst state schools) in the Midlands and 750th nationally based on A-Level and GCSE performance in 2012; it recorded that 48.7% of A-Levels were at A*-B grade and 42.5% of GCSE grades were at A* or A.[64]

Extra-curricular activities[edit]

School clubs and societies include various language clubs, sport clubs, musical activities and many others. Students may participate in the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme, beginning with the Bronze grade in Year 10.[65] Musical opportunities include participating in the school band and the choir, the guitar club and the Music Theory support group; the school band has performed at the Lincolnshire Show and music students have taken part in the Lincolnshire School’s Prom in Skegness.[66]

Site and property[edit]

An all-weather full-sized semi-floodlit football pitch of FIFA standards opened in 2007; it is equally divisible into three smaller pitches which can be used for a variety of sports. With this, and a multi-function gym, is a new learning resource centre (LRC), equipped with an interactive whiteboard, digital projector, 61 computers, and a library containing fiction, reference, and non-fiction. An area for careers and further education is chiefly used for reference by older students. Other modern school buildings include a sports hall, and technology blocks with modern workshops for metalwork, woodwork, and industrial technology.[citation needed]

The school comprises historic buildings, including "Big School", believed[by whom?] to be one of the original teaching rooms of the 16th century. The older Grade II Listed buildings at 38-40 Carre Street[67][68] one of which was previously the Headmaster's House during the boarding school days, now hold the sixth form common rooms, and Assistant Headteacher's offices. Outside the Old School House is the Headmaster's Garden, the use of which is solely reserved for 6th form and staff.[citation needed]

Headmasters[edit]

The indenture of 1604 made it compulsory that masters were to be graduates of Cambridge or Oxford Universities and the majority of the pre-1835 masters had attended Cambridge, with only two from Oxford.[69] These stipulations were removed after 1835. There was only one assistant master at the school until the new buildings in 1904 allowed for more staff. Since then, the number has grown; by 1954, there were 17.[70] The headmaster lived on site until Derek Lee began commuting from his home in 1975.[71]

The list below contains the names, years of service and biographical notes about the known headmasters of Carre's since its foundation. The pre-1835 names are taken from the Old Minute Book, although it omits some masters. Where this is the case, other records can be used to fill the gaps, including the masters' subscriptions to the Thirty-Nine Articles. Although holes remain, the school's historian, Charles Ellis, constructed a comprehensive list of the headmasters' names, dates and universities down to D. N. G. Allott (1951–9); it is included and expanded upon below.[69]

Old Carrensians[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 9–10. These men were: Launcelott Carre of New Sleaford, Eilliam Burton of Holdingham, Robert Cammock the elder and Robert Cammock the younger, William Burton and Richard Warsop of New Sleaford and Thomas Hall and Thomas Swynton of Old Sleaford.
  2. ^ Ellis 1954, p. 10
  3. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 9–10
  4. ^ Ellis 1954, p. 12
  5. ^ a b Ellis 1954, pp. 14–15
  6. ^ a b Ellis 1954, pp. 12–13
  7. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 17–19
  8. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 19–20
  9. ^ Ellis 1954, p. 21
  10. ^ a b Ellis 1954, pp. 22–23
  11. ^ Page 1906, p. 487
  12. ^ Ellis 1954, p. 24
  13. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 26–27
  14. ^ Schools Enquiry Commission 1869, pp. 294–296
  15. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 29–30
  16. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 31–33
  17. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 34–35
  18. ^ Ellis 1954, p. 36
  19. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 37
  20. ^ a b c d Ellis 1954, p. 38
  21. ^ Ward & Eden 2009, pp. 34–35
  22. ^ Ellis 1954, pp. 39
  23. ^ a b Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 144
  24. ^ Sleaford Standard. 20 May 1966. p. 28
  25. ^ a b c "Comprehensive schools: the history", Times Higher Education, 15 January 1996. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  26. ^ a b Ward & Eden 2009, pp. 36–37
  27. ^ a b "Schools Switch—The Count-down starts next week". Sleaford Standard. 5 January 1973. 
  28. ^ a b "All-in schools go-ahead, now for the crunch". Sleaford Standard. 3 August 1973. 
  29. ^ "Decision day for all-in schools plan". Sleaford Standard. 20 December 1974. 
  30. ^ a b Lenton, Bob (10 January 1975). "Schools plan delay stuns teachers". Sleaford Standard. 
  31. ^ "Schools plans – Heads and Staff 'agreed'". Sleaford Standard. 17 January 1975. 
  32. ^ "Millionaire in fight to save his old school". Sleaford Standard. 17 January 1975. 
  33. ^ "School's life in balance". Sleaford Standard. 31 March 1977. 
  34. ^ "Split on 'all in' schooling". Sleaford Standard. 12 May 1977.  "Three school plan victory". Sleaford Standard. 7 July 1977. 
  35. ^ "Three-school scheme is thrown out". Sleaford Standard. 24 March 1978. 
  36. ^ "It's the three-school scheme: County throws out two-school idea". Sleaford Standard. 27 July 1978. 
  37. ^ "Bright future for grammars". Sleaford Standard. 17 May 1979. 
  38. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 161
  39. ^ 23 January 1991, Parliamentary Debates (Hansard), col. 201.
  40. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, pp. 163-164
  41. ^ 16 December 1991, Parliamentary Debates (Hansard), col. 29w
  42. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 165
  43. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 169
  44. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 172
  45. ^ "Schools secure specialist status", BBC News, 10 February 2003
  46. ^ "New all-weather pitch opened at town school", Sleaford Standard, 9 October 2007. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  47. ^ Ofsted Report, 2013
  48. ^ "Cookery lessons for boys after 407 Years: Grammar School finally adds Culinary Skills to its Curriculum", Lincolnshire Echo, 8 February 2011
  49. ^ "New Fitness Centre Unveiled", Lincolnshire Echo, 30 March 2011
  50. ^ "Grammar latest to leave Council control", Lincolnshire Echo, 1 June 2011
  51. ^ "Expansion plans for Carre’s", Sleaford Standard, 29 December 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  52. ^ "Three-school joint sixth form set to return", Sleaford Standard, 10 February 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  53. ^ "RE". Carre's Grammar School. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  54. ^ "Religious Education and Collective Worship", School Prospectus (Carre's Grammar School). Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  55. ^ "Careers Education, Work Related Learning and Guidance for Higher Education", School Prospectus (Carre's Grammar School). Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  56. ^ a b c "The School Curriculum - Key Stage 4: Years 10 and 11", School Prospectus (Carre's Grammar School). Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  57. ^ "Maths". Carre's Grammar School. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  58. ^ "Modern Foreign Languages". Carre's Grammar School. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  59. ^ "ICT". Carre's Grammar School. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  60. ^ "The School Curriculum - The Sixth Form: Years 12 and 13", School Prospectus (Carre's Grammar School). Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  61. ^ "Sleaford Joint Sixth Form". Carre's Grammar School. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  62. ^ "School Performance Tables - Lincolnshire", Department for Education. Data for 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  63. ^ a b "School Performance Tables - Carre's Grammar School: School Details", Department for Education. Data from 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  64. ^ "The Top State and Independent Schools in the Midlands [2012-13]", The Sunday Times. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  65. ^ "Duke of Edinburgh’s Award". Carre's Grammar School. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  66. ^ "Music". Carre's Grammar School. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  67. ^ Historic England. "Carres Charity (1062129)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  68. ^ Historic England. "Carres Grammar School (1360430)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  69. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ellis 1954, p. 40
  70. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ellis 1954, p. 43
  71. ^ "Old boys head back to school for a glimpse of the future", Sleaford Target, 23 October 2013, p. 8
  72. ^ a b c d e f g h Ellis 1954, pp. 40–41
  73. ^ a b c d e f Alumni Cantabrigienses
  74. ^ J. Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, part 1, vol. 3 (1924), p. 248
  75. ^ John Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, part 1, vol. 2 (1922), p. 107
  76. ^ John Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, part 1, vol. 3 (1924), p. 26
  77. ^ J. Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, part 1, vol. 3 (1924), p. 267
  78. ^ J. Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, part 1, vol. 4 (1927), p. 264
  79. ^ J. Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, part 1, vol. 2 (1922), p. 119
  80. ^ a b Ellis 1954, p. 41
  81. ^ J. Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantbrigienses, part 1, vol. 4 (1927), p. 42
  82. ^ J. Foster, Alumni Oxonienses: 1715-1886, vol. 2, p. 704
  83. ^ "Little Whelnetham", Bury Free Press, 22 September 1894, p. 7 - via British Newspaper Archive (subscription required). Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  84. ^ http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/rd/65442016-9ab5-4c62-924a-62dffaa68eb9
  85. ^ "Sudden death of Mr. E. C. Watson", Lincolnshire Echo, 17 June 1935, p. 6 - via British Newspaper Archive. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  86. ^ "Headmaster's Death", Lincolnshire Echo, 26 January 1944, p. 3 - via British Newspaper Archive (subscription required). Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  87. ^ "Items from Committees' Reports", Sleaford Gazette, 2 March 1945
  88. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 149
  89. ^ "Son of Sunderland Minister weds", Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, 4 April 1934, p. 3 - via British Newspaper Archive (subscription required). Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  90. ^ "New Headmaster", Lincolnshire Echo, 12 October 1945, p. 4 - via British Newspaper Archive (subscription required). Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  91. ^ Hull Daily Mail. 9 December 1950
  92. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 139
  93. ^ University of Durham Calendar, 1932, p. 640
  94. ^ "Successor to Sleaford G.S. Head", Lincolnshire Echo, 19 December 1950, p. 5 - via British Newspaper Archive (subscription required). Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  95. ^ "New appointment for Carre's headmaster", Sleaford Gazette, 30 January 1959
  96. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 154
  97. ^ "New headmaster for Carre's G.S.". Sleaford Gazette. 15 May 1959. 
  98. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, pp. 154 and 159
  99. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 160
  100. ^ "Why Peter has decided to leave the whirl of school life behind after 14 years". Lincolnshire Echo. 17 January 2003. p. 21. 
  101. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 171
  102. ^ "King's Deputy to be new Headteacher at Carre's". Grantham Journal. 17 April 2003. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  103. ^ "Grammar school head lands a top role at Oxford Academy". Sleaford Standard. 16 July 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  104. ^ "Academy principal departs for 'personal reasons'". Oxford Mail. 22 December 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  105. ^ Harmston & Hoare 2003, p. 179
  106. ^ "Deputy moves on". Spalding Guardian. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2015 – via LexisNexis Academic database. (subscription required (help)). 
  107. ^ Prof. Ken Wade, FRS (Durham University)

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]