Carriacou and Petite Martinique

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Carriacou and Petite Martinique
Carriacou et La Petite Martinique
Flag
Anthem: Hail Grenada
Royal anthemGod Save the Queen
Location of Carriacou and Petite Martinique (red) relative to Grenada (white).
Location of Carriacou and Petite Martinique (red) relative to Grenada (white).
Capital
and largest city
Hillsborough
12°28.9′N 61°27.5′W / 12.4817°N 61.4583°W / 12.4817; -61.4583
Official languages
Demonym
  • Carriacouan
  • Petit Martiniquian
Government Dependency of Grenada
 -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Cécile La Grenade
 -  Prime Minister Keith Mitchell
 -  Member of Parliament Elvin G. Nimrod
 -  Minister for Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs Elvin G. Nimrod
Establishment
 -  Part of British Grenada 1763 
 -  Constituency 1944 
 -  Part of Grenada February 7, 1974 
Area
 -  Total 37.7 km2
13.2 sq mi
Population
 -  estimate 10,000
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone (UTC−4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC−4)
Drives on the left
Calling code +1 473
Internet TLD .gd
a. The main patois language is Kweyol (French Patois).

Carriacou and Petite Martinique is a dependency of Grenada, lying north of Grenada island and south of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the Lesser Antilles. The Grenadine Islands to the north of Carriacou and Petite Martinique belong to the nation of St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Carriacou Island is the largest island of the Grenadines, an archipelago in the Windward Islands chain. The island is 13 square miles (34 km2) with a population of 4,595 (1991 census). The main settlements on the island are Hillsborough, L'Esterre, Harvey Vale, and Windward.

The neighbouring island of Petite Martinique is 2½ miles away from Carriacou, and also a part of Grenada. With its 586 acres (2.37 km2) and population of 900, it is smaller than Carriacou. Petite Martinique is much smaller, comprising about 9.8% of the total area and 30% of the entire population which is estimated at 10,000. The residents of this island live by boat-building, fishing and seafaring. Carriacou and Petite Martinique is known for its Regatta and Village Maroon.

Geography[edit]

Carriacou is the largest of the Grenadines and is characterized by hilly terrain sloping to white sand beaches. The island stretches from Pegus Point in the south to Gun Point in the north and it is about 7 miles long.

The island has several natural harbors and many coral reefs and small offshore islets.[1]

The highest point on the island is High Point North at 955 feet (291 m)[2] above sea level. Carriacou has no rivers. Residents rely on rainfall for their water.

Islands[edit]

Name Area Population
Carriacou 34 km² 4,595 pop.
Petite Martinique 2.37 km² 900 pop.
Large Island 0.50 km² none
Frigate Island 0.40 km² none
Saline Island 0.30 km² none

Climate[edit]

There are two seasons, wet and dry seasons. The dry season is between January and June when the trade winds dominate the climate; the rainy season is from July to December. The climate is tropical.

Celsius °C Fahrenheit °F
Land 27–32°C 80–85°F
Sea 26–30°C 78–82°F

Politics[edit]

Carriacou and Petite Martinique is a Grenadian Constituency. Elvin Nimrod, NNP, is the representative for Carriacou and Petite Martinique Constituency and also the Minister of Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs.

Festivals[edit]

There are four major cultural festivals held on Carriacou and one on Petite Martinique. Carnival (see external link below) is held in February or early March. The Carriacou Regatta, held on the first weekend in August, is a racing event for locally built boats. In 2005, the Regatta celebrated its 40th anniversary. The Parang on the weekend prior to Christmas celebrates the island's traditional Christmas music and culture. Village Maroons all year round and since the turn of the millennium, and finally a new festival of growing popularity has been started – the Carriacou Maroon & String Band Music Festival held in the last week end of April of the year. On the week end of whitsuntide Petite Martinique holds their annual Whitsuntide Regatta.

Transport[edit]

Carriacou and Petite Martinique main transport system include roads and ferries. The people of Carriacou travel mainly by privately run 15 seater buses. Rental cars and taxis are also available and boats are commonplace. A smaller airport located in Lauriston, Carriacou is the Lauriston Airport, the island's major airport and a small ferry boat known as the "Osprey" that runs between Carriacou, Grenada and Petite Martinique. The short distances between the Grenadines enables travel between them by small boats.


Radios[edit]

  • KYAK106 - 106.3 FM Carriacou's Home Grown Radio Station.[1]
  • The Harbour Light of the Windwards is a local Christian radio station.
  • Sister Isles - 92.9 FM

[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carriacou". Professional Travel Guide. 
  2. ^ "National Park". Paradise Inn. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°29.0′N 61°27.7′W / 12.4833°N 61.4617°W / 12.4833; -61.4617