Carrie (musical)

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Carrie
The Musical
Carrie the Musical Poster.jpg
Official poster for the original RSC Production
Music Michael Gore
Lyrics Dean Pitchford
Book Lawrence D. Cohen
Basis Stephen King's novel Carrie
Productions 1988 Stratford Upon Avon
1988 Broadway
2012 Off-Broadway
2013 Seattle
2014 Los Angeles

Carrie: The Musical is a musical with a book by Lawrence D. Cohen, lyrics by Dean Pitchford, and music by Michael Gore. Adapted from Stephen King's novel Carrie, it focuses on an awkward teenage girl with telekinetic powers whose lonely life is dominated by an oppressive religious fanatic mother. When she is humiliated by her classmates at the high school prom, she wreaks havoc on everyone and everything in her path. Francis X. Clines, in The New York Times (March 2, 1988), noted that Carrie is "Mr. King's carmine variation on Cinderella".[1]

Production history[edit]

Inspired by a 1981 performance of Alban Berg's opera Lulu at the Metropolitan Opera House,[2] Lawrence D. Cohen, who wrote the script for the 1976 film version of Carrie, and Michael Gore began work on a musical based on the Stephen King novel. Gore's Fame collaborator, Dean Pitchford, was brought in to work on the project, which underwent numerous rewrites.[3] In August 1984, a workshop of the first act was staged at 890 Broadway (New York City) with Annie Golden as Carrie, Maureen McGovern as Mrs. White, Laurie Beechman as Mrs. Gardner, and Liz Callaway as Chris. It was soon announced that Carrie would be produced on Broadway in 1986.[4] Funding was not raised until late 1987.

Stratford try-out[edit]

The show was produced by Friedrich Kurz and the Royal Shakespeare Company and had its first four-week run beginning on February 13, 1988 in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, where it received mixed reviews. Directed by Terry Hands and choreographed by Debbie Allen, the cast included Broadway veteran and cabaret singer Barbara Cook, Charlotte d'Amboise, Gene Anthony Ray, Darlene Love, and Linzi Hateley, in her stage debut, as Carrie.

The production was plagued with script and technical problems. The crew was unable to douse Hateley with fake blood without causing her microphone to malfunction. Rewrites continued following each show,[5] and the program cited a song, "Once I Loved a Boy," which had been rewritten and retitled "When There's No One" prior to the first performance. Cook resigned when she was nearly decapitated by an elaborate set piece - the White's Living Room, during "Open Your Heart" - on opening night, but she agreed to stay on until a replacement could be cast, which turned out to be the remainder of the show's Stratford run.[4] A musical section of the "Locker Room Scene" (which has come to be known as "Her Mother Should Have Told Her") was removed after the initial few performances, and another song, "White Star," was later excised.

1988 Broadway production[edit]

The show transferred to Broadway at an expense of $8 million (at the time an exorbitant amount). Hateley (who ultimately won a Theatre World Award) and other members of the UK cast remained with the show, but Cook was replaced by Betty Buckley (who had played the teacher Miss Collins in the 1976 film version).

The show started previews on April 28, 1988, at the Virginia Theatre. After the final song, boos were heard mixed in with applause. Ken Mandelbaum is quoted by Wollman, MacDermot, and Trask: "Ken Mandelbaum writes of an audience divided during early previews, the curtain calls of which were greeted with a raucous mix of cheers and boos.[6] However, in an instant, when Linzi Hateley and Betty Buckley rose to take their bows, the entire theatre turned to a standing ovation. According to the New York Times, "The show had received standing ovations at some previews, as well as on opening night..."[7] The show officially opened on May 12, 1988. Hampered by scathing reviews, and despite the fact that the theatre was sold out every night,[2] the financial backers pulled their money out of the show, and it closed on May 15 after only 16 previews and 5 performances, guaranteeing its place in theatre history as one of the most expensive disasters of all time. According to The New York Times, the "more-than-$7 million show...was the most expensive quick flop in Broadway history."[8]

2012 Off-Broadway revival[edit]

A reading was held on November 20, 2009, in New York City. The score and book were revised by original composers Michael Gore and Dean Pitchford, and writer Lawrence D. Cohen. The songs "Dream On," "It Hurts to Be Strong," "Don't Waste the Moon," "Heaven," "I'm Not Alone," "Wotta Night" and "Out for Blood" were removed and replaced with new songs (see below).[9] The reading was directed by Stafford Arima and starred Sutton Foster, Marin Mazzie and Molly Ranson.[10]

On October 5, 2010, it was confirmed[11] that Carrie would be produced Off-Broadway at the Lucille Lortel Theatre by MCC Theater. The director is Stafford Arima with the original creators working on revisions of the show. From May 25 through June 7, a developmental lab was held at MCC, directed by Arima and choreographed by Matt Williams.[12] The initial cast for the revival was announced on May 3, 2011.[13] From the reading held in 2009, Marin Mazzie starred as Margaret White and Molly Ranson as Carrie. Additional cast was announced on November 21, 2011.[14] On August 1, 2011, a benefit preview of the revival was presented at the Lucille Lortel Theatre.[15] Titled "Revisiting Carrie," the event gave a behind-the-scenes look at the upcoming production with Cohen, Gore and Pitchford. Arima was also present as well. Throughout the evening, Mazzie, Ranson and other cast members, performed song selections from the show.

The revival began previews on January 31, 2012, and officially opened on March 1, 2012, and closed a month later on April 8 after a limited engagement with 34 previews and 46 performances. The MCC directors said: "MCC, the authors, and the director achieved what we all set out to do – to rescue Carrie from oblivion and to give her new life. Plans are underway to preserve this production for Lincoln Center Library for the Performing Arts, so it may live on in the memories of the thousands of theatergoers who saw and loved it."[16] During the 2011/2012 awards season the show was nominated for multiple awards, winning one. On April 9, 2012, Ghostlight Records announced that they would record the first-ever cast album of the show. The recording was released September 25, 2012.[17]

Subsequent productions[edit]

In 1999, the Stagedoor Manor theater camp in upstate New York staged their own version of Carrie. With amateur performing rights never having been released for the show, this was an illegal, unlicensed production. Much to the surprise of all involved, Michael Gore and Larry Cohen were in the audience at one of the performances. An additional two unauthorized performances were later staged at Emerson College.[18] When the play was staged at a high school in Denmark in 2001, the only soundtrack that was recorded specifically for disc was made,[19] though the songs are in Danish. In 2008 Lochaber High School in Fort William, Scotland performed an unauthorized adaptation of Carrie. The school changed the script slightly in order to make the show "flow" better. They performed the Broadway version along with a full orchestra accompaniment. Prior to the opening night of Carrie, Lochaber High School invited all the British actors from the original Carrie musical to visit the school, watch the show and meet the cast. Linzi Hateley and several members of the original chorus came to watch the show.

The show is currently available for licensing through R&H Theatricals and reflects the revival version of the show. On February 28, 2013, the new licensed version was presented for the first time by a high school at Sandia Preparatory School in Albuquerque, New Mexico.[20]

Carrie the Musical opened in San Francisco—the West Coast Premiere—at the Ray of Light Theatre on October 4, 2013 and closed on November 2 of that year.[21] Starring Christina Ann Oeschger in the title role of Carrie, the production opened to a packed house and has received rave reviews. The show, which has been updated discretely, has been praised for its effective directing and didactic staging.[22]

With performances beginning on October 11, 2013, Carrie: The Musical premiered in Seattle at The Moore Theatre. Starring Keaton Whittaker as Carrie, Alice Ripley as Margaret White and Kendra Kassebaum as Miss Gardner.

Carrie The Musical was staged at the Carlos P. Romulo Auditorium in the Philippines by Atlantis Productions from September 20 to October 6, 2013. Directed by Bobby Garcia, it starred Mikkie Bradshaw and K-La Rivera alternating as Carrie, Menchu Lauchengco-Yulo as Margaret White, Markki Stroem as Tommy Ross, Yanah Laurel as Sue Snell, and Sheila Valderrama-Martinez as Miss Gardner.[23]

The Australian premiere of Carrie was put on at the Seymour Centre in Sydney. Although it was a limited season, it received outstanding reviews.

Los Angeles production[edit]

On March 12, 2013, Playbill.com announced that Carrie would receive its Los Angeles premiere at the La Mirada Theatre for the performing Arts as a part of their "Onstage" series in a new audience immersive, environmental production produced by Tony Award winning producers, Bruce Robert Harris and Jack W. Batman and The Transfer Group. The new staging, directed by Brady Schwind and choreographed by Imara Quinonez, is slated to start performances on March 12, 2015.[24] According to the official website for the La Mirada Theatre, tickets go on sale August 15, 2014.

Additionally, another California production is slated to open in Pinole, CA in early 2014 starring Emma Mercier in the title role.

Legacy[edit]

The Broadway show was instantly legendary and inspired the title of Ken Mandelbaum's 1992 book Not Since Carrie: Forty Years of Broadway Musical Flops.

Although there is no official cast recording of the show, several bootleg audio tapes were surreptitiously made during live performances in both Stratford and New York, along with video footage shot from the audience, in addition to the professionally-made review tape sent to various journalists to promote the show. These recordings began to circulate soon after the show closed, and it was rumored in the early 1990s that there were plans to record an official cast album, though it never happened. A cast album of the 2012 revival has been released, however.

Buckley recorded the song "When There's No One" for her 1993 album Children Will Listen (the song also appeared on her 1999 album Betty Buckley's Broadway),[25] and Hateley released the title song on her album Sooner Or Later.[26] In 1999, "Unsuspecting Hearts" was recorded by Emily Skinner and Alice Ripley and released on their album of the same name.[27]

Early in the 21st century, playwright Erik Jackson attempted to secure the rights to stage another production of the musical, but his request was denied. Jackson eventually earned the consent of Stephen King[28] to mount a new, officially-sanctioned, non-musical production of Carrie, which debuted Off-Broadway in 2006 with female impersonator Sherry Vine in the lead role.[29]

Similarly, other unofficial spoofs have been staged over the years, most notably Scarrie! The Musical,[30] Carrie White the Musical[31] and Carrie's Facts of Life,[32] which was a hybrid of Carrie and the American sitcom The Facts of Life.

Plot[edit]

1988 Production[edit]

Act I

Opening in a high school gym, the gym teacher, Miss Gardner, is leading her girls' gym class in a strenuous workout ("In"). After class, the girls head to the locker room and have fun teasing a less attractive, plump girl named Carrie White.

The girls start to shower while talking about boys and their plans for the upcoming prom ("Dream On"). Carrie has her first period in the shower and, not understanding what is happening, thinks she is bleeding to death. The other girls taunt her mercilessly until Miss Gardner hears the commotion, sends the girls away, and explains menstruation to Carrie.

On the way out of the gym, Sue and Chris talk about what just happened in the locker room. Sue is already feeling remorseful for her part in the incident, but Chris calls Carrie "Scary White." Carrie is hurt by their name-calling and teasing, but dreams of being vindicated and gaining respect from her peers ("Carrie").

Carrie's mother Margaret is praying ("Open Your Heart") when Carrie arrives home. Carrie joins her mother in prayer for a few minutes and then explains what happened in the locker room. Margaret tells Carrie that the blood is a sign of her sin ("And Eve Was Weak") and forces her into the cellar to pray for forgiveness.

That night, many of the high school students are at the drive-in theater, including Sue and her boyfriend Tommy and Chris and her boyfriend Billy. Sue tells Tommy that she is still upset about what she and the other girls did to Carrie in the locker room, while Chris complains about Carrie to Billy ("Don't Waste the Moon"). While the other teenagers are at the drive-in, Carrie and Margaret are home praying ("Evening Prayers"). Margaret prays for the strength to help her daughter while Carrie, depressed, questions God's love for her. Margaret apologizes for hurting Carrie and assures her that she loves her unconditionally.

At school the following day, Miss Gardner tells the girls they must all apologize to Carrie. Sue and the other girls comply, but Chris refuses. Upset, Miss Gardner tells Chris that she will not be allowed to go to the prom, and Chris vows revenge. Miss Gardner encourages Carrie to dream about her Prince Charming ("Unsuspecting Hearts").

Still upset over the way Carrie has been treated, Sue asks Tommy to take Carrie to the prom instead of her ("Do Me a Favor"), and he reluctantly agrees. At the same time, Chris asks Billy to help her get revenge on Carrie.

Tommy surprises Carrie by knocking on her door and asking her to go to prom. Though at first confused and uneasy, Carrie eventually agrees to go with him. When she tells her mother the news ("Invited"), Margaret forbids her to go, insisting that all boys just want to take advantage of girls, including her own father ("I Remember How Those Boys Could Dance"), and the prom would be an occasion of sin. Carrie reveals her supernatural powers, telling her mother that she is determined to attend the prom and will not be stopped.

Act II

The act opens at a pig farm while a storm rages, where Chris, Billy, and several of his friends are on a mission ("Out for Blood"). For their planned revenge on Carrie, they kill a pig and collect its blood. Back at the high school, Sue is confronted by girls who are upset that Carrie is going to the prom. Sue believes she is doing the right thing but realizes that doing the right thing is not always easy ("It Hurts to be Strong").

Getting ready for the prom, Carrie dreams about her date and, in a positive display of her special powers, she sends her dress, shoes, and hairbrush dancing through the air ("I'm Not Alone"). Margaret tries one more time to convince Carrie not to go to the prom ("Carrie (Reprise)"), but Carrie doesn't listen. She leaves for the prom with Tommy. Alone, Margaret plans to save Carrie from damnation the only way she can ("When There's No One").

Tommy and Carrie arrive at the prom ("Wotta Night") and everyone is surprised at how beautiful Carrie is. Miss Gardner is there as a chaperone and talks to Carrie about how it feels to be in love ("Unsuspecting Hearts (Reprise)"). Carrie is nervous about dancing with Tommy, but he finally convinces her to go out on the dance floor with him ("Heaven"). As the votes for prom king and queen are cast, Tommy, Carrie, Sue, Chris, Billy, and Miss Gardner soliloquize about the events unfolding ("Heaven (Reprise)"). Tommy and Carrie are declared king and queen of the prom, and they are crowned as the students sing the "Alma Mater."

Suddenly, Billy and Chris appear and dump a bucket of pig blood on Carrie. Humiliated and incensed, Carrie realizes her full powers. She closes off the gym exit and kills everyone present ("The Destruction"). Carrie leaves the prom and is met by her mother. Margaret comforts her daughter ("Carrie (2nd Reprise)") and then stabs her fatally, thinking it will save Carrie's soul. Carrie retaliates, killing Margaret with her powers, and she apologizes as her mother dies. Sue, the only student who was not at the prom, discovers Carrie and comforts her as she dies.

2012 Production[edit]

Act I

Sue Snell, haunted witness and tour guide to our story, struggles to recount the incidents leading up to the tragic night of May 28. As she's questioned about the past, figures from her life in high school appear. Whatever their differences - be they good girl Sue, her varsity-athlete boyfriend Tommy Ross, her spoiled-rotten best friend Chris Hargensen, Chris' trouble-maker boyfriend Billy Nolan, or perennial misfit Carrie White - they are all wrestling with the same insecurities and united in their desire to belong ("In").

After gym class, Carrie experiences her first period in the shower. Her terrified screams for help and seeming ignorance about what's happening to her amuse and inflame the girls. With Chris as ringleader, Sue and the others encircle Carrie, gleefully chanting names and savagely taunting her. As gym teacher Miss Gardner races in at the height of Carrie's hysteria, an overhead light bulb inexplicably explodes. When the girls are reprimanded, they dismissively rationalize, "It's just Carrie," the butt of their jokes since childhood.

Miss Gardner and guidance counselor/English teacher Mr. Stephens send Carrie home for the rest of the day. But even as she leaves, her classmates' hurtful insults and name-calling ricochet in Carrie's mind until she cracks in fury ("Carrie"). Tommy and his pals discuss the upcoming senior prom as Billy roars in on his skateboard, clowning around. Carrie passes by and he jeeringly ridicules her. But when she turns a furious glance in his direction, he goes sprawling. Angry and embarrassed, Billy tries to blame his seeming clumsiness on Carrie, but the other guys just laugh.

At the White bungalow, Carrie's mother Margaret works at her sewing machine and sings along to her favorite evangelical radio program ("Open Your Heart"). When the still-troubled Carrie arrives home, she reluctantly joins in the hymn. Carrie summons the courage to tell her mother about the day's traumatic event. The realization that her child is now a woman throws Margaret into a God-fearing panic. When Carrie resists, Margaret locks her in a closet to beg for repentance ("And Eve Was Weak").

With her parents out of town, Chris throws a party at which regales the kids with the details of that day's incident with Carrie in the locker room. When Sue - confused and upset about her role in the hazing - protests that it wasn't funny, Chris perversely instructs her in the natural order of things ("The World According to Chris"). Upset by Chris' toxic message, Sue turns her back on her best friend and leaves with Tommy.

Back at the White household, Carrie is still locked in her prayer closet surrounded by religious icons. Margaret, meanwhile, pleads for her own divine guidance. As Carrie puzzles over this new sensation she's been feeling, she grows more agitated. Suddenly, a little figurine of Jesus levitates, leaving Carrie to wonder if this strange power might possibly be coming from within her. Margaret releases her from the closet and tearfully apologizes for her actions, prompting Carrie to beg for forgiveness as well. The two find solace in each other's goodnight embrace ("Evening Prayers").

In English class, Mr. Stephens praises a poem Tommy has written, and has him recite his work ("Dreamer in Disguise"). When the teacher asks the unruly students for reactions, Carrie volunteers. Her heartfelt emotion only provokes the other kids' mockery. After class, Sue acts on Tommy's advice and tries to apologize to Carrie but, thinking it's some kind of trick, Carrie explodes at her and storms off. Shaken and shocked into awareness, Sue muses on their encounter ("Once You See"). Miss Gardner rebukes the girls for their reckless mistreatment of Carrie and demands that they apologize to her - or else. They all do, except for Chris, who instead hurls a vicious invective at Carrie. Miss Gardner kicks Chris out of the prom. Frantic, Chris tries to rally the girls to join her in defying their teacher until Sue shouts defiance. Battle lines are drawn; the best friends are now enemies. When Miss Gardner apologizes to the sobbing Carrie for what just happened, Carrie surprises her by insisting that she's got to let Chris go to Prom. Carrie points out that for girls like Chris, Prom is like a dream. When presses, Carrie admits that she herself is not going. Moved by Carrie's lack of self-esteem and her need for support, Miss Gardner assures her that things can change ("Unsuspecting Hearts").

Determined to do right by Carrie, Sue asks Tommy for help with a plan she's devised. Similarly, Chris, blaming Carrie for her humiliation, interrupts a make-out session with Billy to get his help in her plot for revenge ("Do Me A Favor"). Alone in the library, Carrie reads about telekinesis from a book. Concentrating intensely, she succeeds in moving chairs across the room without touching them, startling herself with this newfound power. In retrospect, the exploding light bulb in the shower and Billy's tumble from his skateboard start to make sense.

Nervous but honoring Sue's request, Tommy arrives at Carrie's front door and asks her to Prom. Wary, she repeatedly refuses, until Margaret calls her in for dinner. Worried that her mother will find her with Tommy, Carrie hurriedly accepts the offer to be his date. As he leaves, she calls out a joyous "thank you" as it begins to rain. While the storm outside intensifies, Carrie excitedly tells Margaret of her Prom invitation, triggering Margaret's own tortured reverie ("I Remember How Those Boys Could Dance"). When she orders Carrie to tell Tommy that she can't go, they battle and, as rain starts to blow in, Margaret walks away to close the windows. "I'll get them!" Carrie shouts and uses her mind to slam them shut. Horrified by this display of power that she's certain is the work of the devil, Margaret cowers in fear as Carrie calmly finishes her dessert.

Act II

Preparations for Prom and the news that Tommy's taking Carrie preoccupy everyone at school, including Chris and Billy, who sneak into the gymnasium with a bucket of pig's blood and set their own nasty prank in place ("A Night We'll Never Forget"). Miss Gardner, suspicious of Sue's motives in having Tommy invite Carrie, warns them both that if they hurt Carrie in any way, they'll have to answer to her. Sue worries that Tommy is mad at her too, but insists he's merely disappointed, wanting to take his girlfriend to Prom. To make up for the event they're going to miss, he takes her into the half-decorated gym to share a private romantic moment ("You Shine").

It's finally Prom Night. The kids are electric with nervous excitement, and Carrie, no less anxious, resolves to make the most of the evening ("Why Not Me?"). Frantic with worry, Margaret tries to undermine Carrie's confidence ("Stay Here Instead"). Just then, Tommy arrives, and Carrie, looking ravishing in the gown she's made herself, departs with him. Alone, Margaret struggles with fundamentalist scriptures. "She must be sacrificed. Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live." Her duty - however horrific and tragic - is clear ("When There's No One").

At the gym, the psyched kids show off their Prom finery and pose for yearbook photos. Tommy enters with Carrie, and the crowd's reaction to her stunning transformation turns from initially hostile to unexpectedly welcoming ("Prom Arrival"). Miss Gardner, surprised and delighted by Carrie's new self-assurance, shares her own recollection of Prom, and teacher and student trade notes on this timeless high school ritual ("Unsuspecting Hearts - Reprise"). After much coaxing, Tommy leads a hesitant Carrie onto the dance floor where they're observed - first by Sue, who's felt compelled to sneak in and see how her plan has worked out, and then by Chris' partner-in-crime, Norma ("Dreamer in Disguise - Reprise"). Chris and Billy, hidden high in the rafters above, prepare to unleash their prank, as Sue comes upon Norma switching real Prom ballots for fake ones, arousing her suspicions ("Prom Climax").

Votes tabulated, Mr. Stephens and Miss Gardner announce Tommy and Carrie as Prom King and Queen. While the assembled salute them with the school song ("Alma Mater"), Sue spots the bucket dangling above the coronation area, confirming her worst suspicions. Frantic, she tries to warn Miss Gardner, but the teacher, who's been wary of Sue's motives in forgoing her Prom in favor of Carrie, pushes her out of the gym. Chris cues Billy, who yanks the bucket and drenches Carrie in blood. As the Prom-goers' stunned silence turns to derisive laughter, her unimaginable humiliation turns to fury - and then madness. Lashing out with her power, she exacts a terrible revenge on friend and foe alike ("The Destruction"). Powerless, Sue watches her classmates all perish. She alone survives. As emergency whistles sound and sirens wail, Sue follows the path of destruction that leads through the street to Carrie's house.

Carrie arrives home in her bloody prom dress and finds momentary solace in her mother's arms ("Carrie - Reprise"). Just as she's lulled into a sense of safety, Margaret - fulfilling what she believes to be her biblical duty - plunges a knife into her daughter. Wounded and trying to defend herself from further assault, Carrie uses her powers to stop her mother's heart. Sue stumbles into this horrific scene and, hearing Carrie's anguished cries, rushes to her side to comfort her. But she's too late. As Carrie dies in her arms, the figures from Sue's memory provide a final, haunting testimony of redemption ("Epilogue").

Differences from the novel[edit]

  • Billy and Chris run on stage and throw the blood on Carrie instead of dumping it from the ceiling. This was because of the difficulty in drenching Linzi Hateley in stage blood, which would clog her body microphone. Since her song "The Destruction" began almost immediately, there was no time to clear the microphone before it was needed.[33]
  • In the novel, Chris is forbidden from attending the prom because she skips detention (as punishment for teasing Carrie). In the musical, the detention is not mentioned. Chris is punished for refusing to apologize to Carrie, instead choosing to yell out her standard taunt, "Carrie White eats shit."
  • The musical does not include Carrie's destruction of the whole town following the prom, which occurs in the novel. (However, in the 2012 revival, a trail of destruction from the school to Carrie's home is mentioned.)
  • Chris and Billy are killed during the prom massacre in the musical. In the novel Carrie causes their car to crash a few hours after the prom.
  • The characters of the principal and the teacher are merged into a single character named Miss Gardner.
  • The "sanctuary" that Margaret forces Carrie into is a cellar rather than a closet in the original production. In the 2012 revival, the cellar is changed back to the closet.
  • The Alma Mater is different from the Ewen High School's song in the book.
  • While the novel says that Ralph White (Margaret's husband and Carrie's father) died, the musical implies that he left Margaret when she was pregnant with Carrie, causing her intense distrust in men.
  • Billy is more reluctant to pour the pig's blood on Carrie. He says, "Even for me, this trick is pretty damn sick." In the novel, he has a sadistic thrill and pushes Chris to do it. Their abusive relationship is also never mentioned.

Musical numbers[edit]

Broadway[edit]

Off-Broadway Revival[edit]

Cast[edit]

Character Description Workshop Stratford Broadway 2009 Reading 2012 Revival
Carrie White The main character, Carrie is a shy outcast who is often bullied by her classmates. While showering at school, Carrie has her first period, for which the other girls in her class tease her. This event sparks the emergence of Carrie's telekinetic powers, which she ultimately uses for revenge after being cruelly pranked at the prom. After suffering a breakdown after being doused in pig's blood, Carrie kills her entire class and teachers due to setting the school on fire, only to come home to be fatally stabbed by her mother. Carrie then uses her powers to kill her mother. Annie Golden Linzi Hateley Molly Ranson
Margaret White The main antagonist of the show. Carrie's mother, Margaret is a religious zealot. Although she loves Carrie and wants to protect her from the world, her fanaticism often drives her to abuse her daughter. After Carrie develops telekinesis and goes to the prom against her wishes, Margaret comes to believe that killing Carrie is a sacrifice and that is the only way to save her from damnation. Carrie uses her telekinetic powers to stop her mothers' heart after being stabbed by her. Maureen McGovern Barbara Cook Betty Buckley Marin Mazzie
Sue Snell One of the most popular girls at school, Sue initially teases Carrie like all the other girls, but later feels remorse for what she's done. To make up for all she's done, she asks her boyfriend, Tommy Ross, to take Carrie to prom instead of her. Sue goes to the prom to see how things ended up and when she realizes that Carrie is in trouble she goes to Miss Gardner for help. Miss Gardner kicks Sue out of the school, thinking that she is still bullying Carrie. Sue witnesses Carrie's breakdown at the prom and, when she finds Carrie back at her house, Sue comforts Carrie during her last moments, having forgiven her for what she's done. Laura Dean Sally Ann Triplett Jennifer Damiano Christy Altomare
Tommy Ross Carrie's version of Prince Charming. At first Tommy takes no interest in Carrie but takes her to the prom after his girlfriend, Sue, asks him to. Tommy is apprehensive but soon finds himself falling in love with Carrie. Although ignorant of the prank Chris has planned for Carrie, he dies with the rest of the students when Carrie takes her revenge. Todd Graff Paul Gygnell Matt Doyle Derek Klena
Chris Hargensen Chris hates Carrie, bullying her at every opportunity. She leads the other girls in throwing tampons at Carrie after she has her first period, and feels no remorse after the fact. After Chris is banned from the prom as punishment for bullying Carrie, she vows revenge. She comes up with the idea of dumping a bucket of pig's blood on Carrie at the prom. Chris dies during Carrie's revenge. Liz Callaway Charlotte d'Amboise Diana DeGarmo Jeanna de Waal
Billy Nolan The "not-so-smart" boyfriend of Chris. Although he is not in school he plans to take Chris to prom until Chris is forbidden from attending the event. He kills a pig for Chris and harvests its blood in order to prank Carrie. He is killed when Carrie has her breakdown. Peter Neptune Gene Anthony Ray John Arthur Greene Ben Thompson
Miss Gardner Carrie's "Fairy Godmother". At first she is disgusted by what she sees in the shower but soon realises that Carrie has no idea what's happening to her. She explains menstruation to Carrie and helps Carrie develop her self-esteem, giving her the courage to accept Tommy's invitation to prom. She is pleased to see Carrie happy at the prom. Killed by Carrie. Laurie Beechman Darlene Love Sutton Foster Carmen Cusack

Supporting Characters

Adults

  • Mr. Stephens – Carrie's English teacher and guidance counselor
  • Reverend Bliss – The host of the religious radio program Margaret listens to

Students

  • Norma
  • George
  • Helen
  • Stokes
  • Frieda
  • Freddy

Awards and nominations[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1988 Theatre World Award Best Broadway Debut Linzi Hateley Won
Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Actress in a Musical Betty Buckley Nominated

2012 Off-Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2012 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Molly Ranson Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Marin Mazzie Nominated
Outstanding Lighting Design Kevin Adams Nominated
Outstanding Sound Design Jonathan Deans Nominated
Drama League Award Distinguished Revival of a Musical Nominated
Distinguished Performance Marin Mazzie Nominated
Molly Ranson Nominated
Outer Critics Circle Award Best Revival of a Musical (Broadway or Off-Broadway) Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Marin Mazzie Nominated
Lucille Lortel Award Outstanding Lead Actress Molly Ranson Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress Marin Mazzie Nominated
Off-Broadway Alliance Awards Best Musical Revival Won

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Cline, Francis X. "'Carrie' Churns Toward U.S.", The New York Times, March 2, 1988, p. C15.
  2. ^ a b Carrie's DVD featurette ("Singing Carrie"). United Artists. 2002. 
  3. ^ "Carrie R.S.C. Program, "A Musical of Carrie?" p. 14". The Royal Shakespeare Company. 1988. 
  4. ^ a b Mandelbaum 348
  5. ^ "Linzi Hateley "Green Room Radio" Interview". greenroomradio.com. 
  6. ^ Wollman, Elizabeth L., MacDermot, Galt, and Trask, Stephen (2006), The theater will rock, University of Michigan Press, ISBN 0-472-11576-6, p. 140.
  7. ^ Rothstein, Mervyn. "After Seven Years and $7 Million, 'Carrie' Is A Kinetic Memory", The New York Times, May 17, 1988, p. C15.
  8. ^ Rothstein, p. C15
  9. ^ Hetrick, Adam.Foster, Mazzie, Ranson and Damiano Head Carrie Reading in NYC Nov. 20 playbill.com, November 20, 2009
  10. ^ BWW News Desk. All-Star Carrie Reading is 'Out For Blood' 11/20 broadwayworld.com, November 20, 2009
  11. ^ BWW News Desk. "Confirmed 'Carrie's' Coming Back" broadwayworld.com, October 5, 2010
  12. ^ BWW News Desk. "'Carrie' to Hold Developmental Lab at MCC" broadwayworld.com, May 25, 2011
  13. ^ BWW News Desk. "'Carrie' at MCC" broadwayworld.com, May 31, 2011
  14. ^ BWW News Desk. "Jeanna de Waal Ben Thompson and More Join Marin Mazzie Molly Ranson in New 'Carrie' Musical Full Cast Announced" broadwayworld.com, November 21, 2011
  15. ^ BWW News Desk. "'Carrie' Preview" broadwayworld.com, June 16, 2011
  16. ^ Hetrick, Adam. " 'Carrie' Dies Sooner Than Expected; Revival to Close April 8 Off-Broadway" playbill.com, March 23, 2012
  17. ^ Kyle Anderson. "'Carrie' musical gets cast recording, behind-the-scenes video for 'In' - EXCLUSIVE" ew.com, September 13, 2012
  18. ^ YouTube clip of the Emerson College performance
  19. ^ "Carrie » Gammel Hellerup Gymnasium Cast". CastAlbums.org. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  20. ^ http://www.playbill.com/news/article/175423-PLAYBILL-VIP-SPOTLIGHT-Twenty-Five-Years-After-Broadway-Carrie-the-Musical-Makes-High-School-Debut
  21. ^ http://rayoflighttheatre.com
  22. ^ Wu, Frank H. "Carrie, Back from the Dead Again". Huffington Post, October 7, 2013. 
  23. ^ http://atlantisproductionsinc.com/?p=893
  24. ^ http://www.lamiradatheatre.com/carrie.htm
  25. ^ "Betty Buckley on record". Betty Buckley: The Official Website. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  26. ^ "Linzi Hateley Recordings". The Official Linzi Hateley website. 
  27. ^ "Unsuspecting Hearts". Amazon.com. 
  28. ^ "Eric Jackson Interview". horrorking.com. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  29. ^ Simonson, Robert.Carrie Revisited: New Stage Version of King Novel to Reach Off-Broadway in Fall" playbill.com, August 17, 2006
  30. ^ "Hell in a Handbag's Scarrie site". handbagproductions.org. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  31. ^ "Sci-Fi Dimensions Review". scifidimensions. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  32. ^ "Carrie's Facts of Life - Official Site". norunningwithscissors.com. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  33. ^ Skal, p. 370
Bibliography
  • Mandelbaum, Ken (1992). Not Since Carrie: Forty Years of Broadway Musical Flops, pp. 3–9. 347-356, St. Martin Press. ISBN 0-312-08273-8

External links[edit]