Carrier Strike Group Five
|Carrier Strike Group Five|
Carrier Strike Group Five crest
|Active||April 25, 1944 to date|
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Navy|
|Type||Carrier Strike Group|
|Part of||U.S. Seventh Fleet|
|Garrison/HQ||Fleet Activities Yokosuka, Japan|
|Nickname||George Washington Carrier Strike Group|
|Motto||First to Fight|
|Engagements||World War II
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
|Commander||Rear Admiral Mark Montgomery|
Carrier Strike Group 5, (CSG-5 or CARSTRKGRU 5), is the U.S. Navy carrier strike group assigned to the United States Pacific Fleet and permanently forward deployed to the Seventh Fleet. U.S. Navy Carrier Strike Groups are employed in a variety of roles across the complete spectrum of warfare of maintaining sea control and projecting air power ashore to humanitarian assistance and disaster response.
The CSG-5 Commander also serves as Battle Force Seventh Fleet and Commander, Task Force (CTF 70) for Seventh Fleet. In these responsibilities, CSG-5 serves as the Commander of all surface forces (carrier strike groups, independently deploying cruisers, destroyers and frigates) in the Seventh Fleet area of responsibility. CTF 70 also serves as the Theater Surface Warfare Commander (TSUWC) and Theater Integrated Air Missile Defense Commander (TIAMDC) for Seventh Fleet.
The Strike Group Flagship is the aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73) which also embarks Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5). As of June 2013, CSG-5 includes the Aegis Cruisers USS Shiloh (CG 67), which also serves as the Seventh Fleet Ballistic Missile Defense Commander, and USS Antietam (CG 54) which serves as the Air Defense Commander for the strike group. Destroyer Squadron Fifteen (CDS-15) serves as the Sea Combat Commander and is also responsible for the seven assigned Arleigh-Burke class destroyers, USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54), USS John S. McCain (DDG 56), USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62), USS Stethem (DDG 63), USS Lassen (DDG 82), USS McCampbell (DDG 85) and USS Mustin (DDG 89). The Strike Warfare Commander is CVW-5 which includes: Strike Fighter Squadrons (VFA) 102, 27, 115 and 195; Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ) 141; Airborne Early Warning Squadron (VAW) 115; Fleet Logistics Support Squadron (VRC) 30 Detachment 5; Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadrons (HSM) 51 and 77; and Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron (HSC) 12.
George Washington and the nine surface combatant ships operate out of Yokosuka, Japan, while CVW-5 operates out of Atsugi, Japan, when not embarked on the George Washington. Together, these units form the U.S. Navy's only continuously forward deployed (and largest) carrier strike group and are critical combat elements of the U.S. Seventh Fleet.
Carrier Strike Group Five was originally established during World War II on April 25, 1944 by Rear Admiral Frank Wagner as Carrier Division Five when he assumed command aboard USS Wasp and USS Hornet in Pearl Harbor. Rear Admiral J.J. Clark succeeded Wagner and commanded the unit through 12 months of sustained combat operations in the Western Pacific and waters surrounding Japan, working for both Third Fleet (ADM William Halsey) and Fifth Fleet (ADM Raymond Spruance). This included participation in the First and Second Philippine Sea Battles and the Iwo Jima and Okinawa campaigns.
During the Korean War, Rear Admiral G.R. Henderson commanded Carrier Division Five and served as Commander, Task Force (CTF) 70 and 77 aboard USS Princeton (CV 37). Carrier Division Five moved back and forth between Yokosuka, Japan and the Korean Theater, serving as CTF 70 or 77 on multiple occasions.
Prior to the Vietnam War, the location of Carrier Division Five moved between several Pacific ports and utilized rotating carriers from the West coast of the U.S. as its flagship. During the Vietnam War, 12 different commanders led Carrier Division Five and Task Force 77 in numerous combat deployments to the Vietnam War zone. Beginning in 1964 Carrier Group Five was permanently deployed to the Western Pacific and dual-hatted CTF 70/77, homeported at Naval Air Station Cubi Point in the Philippines.
Carrier Division Five became Carrier Group Five on June 30, 1973, and in October, Carrier Group Five arrived in Yokosuka, Japan aboard USS Midway marking the first forward deployment of a complete Carrier Task Group in a Japanese port (the associated Air Wing, CVW-5, moved into Atsugi, Japan this same year). Carrier Group Five shifted its forward deployed location from Cubi Point, Republic of Philippines to Yokosuka in mid-1991. Midway remained in Yokosuka for 18 years and was relieved by USS Independence (CV 62) on September 11, 1991.
In the lead up to the Gulf War, Rear Admiral Daniel March, Commander, Carrier Group Five, became Commander, Task Force 154 (Battle Force Zulu), part of Naval Forces Central Command. The Task Force led four carriers (USS Midway (CV 41), USS Ranger (CV 61), USS America (CV 66), and USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) in the Arabian Sea/Persian Gulf during Operation Desert Storm.
On August 11, 1998, USS Kitty Hawk (CV 63) relieved Independence as the Carrier Group Five flagship. After the terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11, 2001, the Kitty Hawk Battle Group was ordered to deploy to the Indian Ocean and was later involved in combat missions against the Taliban and Al Qaida in Afghanistan. The ships got underway again in January 2003 with orders to deploy to the Persian Gulf as part of the build-up of military forces in the area in preparation for the war against the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. Kitty Hawk arrived on station late February/early March and from March 20 on, participated in air strikes against targets in Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
USS George Washington (CVN 73) relieved Kitty Hawk on September 25, 2008. Carrier Group Five was renamed Carrier Strike Group Five October 1, 2004.
In 2011, Carrier Strike Group Five participated in two Humanitarian Assistance operations, Operation Tomodachi in Japan and support to Thailand during their worst flooding in 50 years.
On 14 January 2014, the U.S. Navy announced that the USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76) will replace the George Washington as the flagship of Carrier Strike Group Five. The Georgia Washington is scheduled to undergo its mid-life complex refueling and overhaul at Newport News Shipbuilding shipyard in Newport News, Virginia. Carrier Air Wing Five will continue to be assigned to Carrier Strike Group Five.
Commander, Carrier Strike Group 5 is responsible for unit-level training, integrated training, and material readiness for the group’s ships and aviation squadrons. As the only continuously forward deployed carrier strike group, CSG-5 does not stand down when the strike group is in Yokosuka, but instead continues to maintain command responsibilities over deploying Carrier Strike Groups and independently deployed cruises, destroyers, and frigates that operate in the Seventh Fleet operating area. The commander and staff are also responsible for the higher level Task Force 70 duties throughout the year in addition to the CSG-5 duties. The composition of the strike group in immediate proximity of the George Washington varies throughout the year.
Group commanders since 2000 have included:
|• Rear Admiral Timothy Keating||(July 2004 – June 2006)|
|• Rear Admiral Robert Williard||(September 2000 – September 2001)|
|• Rear Admiral Steve Kunkel||(September 2001 – February 2003)|
|• Rear Admiral Matthew Moffit||(March 2003 – May 2003)|
|• Rear Admiral James Kelly||(July 2003 – July 2005)|
|• Rear Rear Admiral Douglas McClain||(July 2005 – February 2007)|
|• Rear Admiral Richard Wren||(February 2007 – December 2008)|
|• Rear Admiral Kevin Donegan||(December 2008 – May 2010)|
|• Rear Admiral Dan Cloyd||(May 2010 – April 2011)|
|• Rear Admiral J. R. Haley||(April 2011 – January 2013)|
|• Rear Admiral Mark Montgomery||(January 2013 – Present)|
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (December 2013)|
The United States of America is a nation with global interests. We conduct trade with other nations on an unmatched scale as the U.S. imports and exports hundreds of billions of dollars per year in goods and services. Perhaps due to our history as a nation of immigrants, we desire to foster democracy around the world. Those and other interests cannot be acted upon if we do not maintain a strong presence well forward of our borders.
For a century and a half, the U.S. Navy has maintained a presence in the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean to promote peace, regional cooperation and stability. That forward presence is maintained by the Forward Deployed Naval Forces (FDNF) of the Navy-Marine Corps team. The concept of forward presence in the U.S. Navy has existed since 1907, when President Roosevelt's Great White Fleet of 16 battleships sailed over 40,000 miles, making twenty port calls on six continents. Today, FDNF operate out of bases and ports around the world, including the Persian Gulf, Mediterranean, and the Western Pacific, home to the 5th, 6th, and Seventh Fleets, respectively.
Our presence in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region is more important than ever. U.S. naval forces help encourage dialogue, promote growth and ensure the free flow of trade, of which the oceans have increased importance. The Indo-Asia-Pacific region is one of the most dynamic areas of our rapidly-changing world, and our fleet must be maintained at a high state of operational, materiel and personnel readiness in order to be flexible and responsive to address a crisis situation requiring military support.
Forces continuously stationed forward (as FDNF forces are) provide increased operational responsiveness for a crisis, strengthening partnerships with our treaty bound allies and help shape the operational environment during steady state operations. These units are true “force multipliers” for the Pacific Fleet and Seventh Fleet Commanders.
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- USS Antietam (CG 54)
- USS Shiloh (CG 67)
- Destroyer Squadron 15
- USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54)
- USS John S. McCain (DDG 56)
- USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62)
- USS Stethem (DDG 63)
- USS Lassen (DDG 82)
- USS McCampbell (DDG 85)
- USS Mustin (DDG 89)
- Carrier Air Wing 5
- VRC-30, Det. 5