Carrigrohane

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Carrigrohane
Village
Carrigrohane Road
Carrigrohane Road
Carrigrohane is located in Ireland
Carrigrohane
Carrigrohane
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 51°53′40″N 8°33′48″W / 51.89444°N 8.56333°W / 51.89444; -8.56333
Country  Ireland
Province Munster
County County Cork
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)

Carrigrohane (also Currikippane or Kilgrohanmore,[1] meaning "Marsh of the Little Sticks"[2]) is a village and civil parish situated on the south bank of the River Lee to the west of the city of Cork in Ireland. It is connected by the Carrigrohane Straight, 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Cork and is also in the northeastern part of Ballincollig. It contains St Peter's Church of the Resurrection.[3] In 1837, it had a population of 1921 inhabitants.[1]

A stone bridge connects the village with the parish of Inniscarra and onwards to Macroom. The whole comprises 2,578 acres (1,043 ha), as applotted under the tithe act, and valued at £4655 per annum in 1837; and that part of it which is included within the barony of Barretts contains 1,556 acres (630 ha), valued at £2136, according to the county estimate.[1] The civil parish is almost evenly split between the baronies of Muskerry East to the west and the Barony of Cork to the east.[4]

Economy[edit]

The land is of excellent quality, and the farms, being in the occupation of persons with capital, are in an fine state of cultivation. From the low price of grain, the produce of the dairy and the grazing of cattle have been found more profitable than growing corn; the lands are therefore being converted into dairy farms. The parish forms part of the limestone district that extends from near the source of the River Bride, along its southern bank, across the vale to the west of the city of Cork, and passing through its southern suburbs, terminates at Blackrock. The quarrying of limestone and manufacture of gunpowder at Ballincollig encourage that industry among the people of which the fruits are seen in their comfortable appearance and the improved state of their habitations. On the river Lee are some extensive mills, capable of manufacturing from 350 to 400 sacks of flour weekly in the 1830s.[1] About a mile and a half from the church are several very handsome houses, occupied by the officers connected with the garrison of Ballincollig.[1] There are male and female parochial schools supported by subscriptions; a national school at Ballincollig, in which were about 100 boys and 70 girls in the 1830s; a public and two private schools, one of which is for infants, in which are about 60 boys and 40 girls; and a Sunday school supported by the rector.[1]

Notable landmarks[edit]

The living is a rectory, in the diocese of Cork, united from time immemorial to the rectories of Curricuppane and Corbally, and to one-fourth of the rectory of Kinneagh, which four parishes constitute the corps of the precentorship of the cathedral of St. Finbarr, Cork: the tithes of the parish amounted to £330, and of the whole union to £943 in 1837.[1] There is no-glebe house in the union, but a glebe of 22 acres and 38 perches. In the Roman Catholic divisions this parish, together with the parishes of Kilnaglory and Inniskenny, and a small part of that of Ballinaboy, form the union or district of Ballincollig, where there is a chapel.

The church, St Peter's Church of the Resurrection, is a small plain edifice, situated near the river Lee. It was extended in 1865-68 for the Reverend Robert Gregg by the architect William Burges.[5] Gregg was rector from 1865-74 and son of Bishop John Gregg, Burges's patron at Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral, Cork. The commission, and the church, were modest; Burges was only asked to design an additional south aisle and vestry;[5] but Crook writes that the design reveals "an original architectural mind. And the stained glass is predictably good."[5]

Behind the church are considerable remains of the ancient Carrigrohane Castle, and the fine ruins of a more modern house, of great strength, of which nearly the whole of the outer walls are remaining. The turrets, pierced with loop-holes, which project from the upper story of the latter building, indicate that it was built about the reign of Queen Elizabeth, but the castle is evidently much older and both were ruined in the Irish Rebellion of 1641.[1] At Ballincollig are the ruins of an extensive castle, situated on an isolated rock which rises in the midst of a fertile plain. This castle was built by the Barrett family, in the reign of Edward III. William Barrett joined in the insurrection of the Desmond Rebellions against Elizabeth, but was pardoned by Her Majesty and received into favour. In the war of 1641, it was in the possession of the insurgents, who were dispossessed by Oliver Cromwell in 1645: it was garrisoned for James II in 1689, but after his flight fell into decay, and is now a stately ruin, with a very strong and lofty square tower still nearly perfect.[1] Carrigrohane was also home to the non-championship race "Cork Grand Prix" in the 30s.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • This article contains public domain text from Samuel Lewis's "A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland" (1837)
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Lewis, Samuel (1837). "A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland". From Ireland.net. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Cole, John Harding (1903). Church and parish records of the United Diocese of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, comprising the eventful period in the church's history of the forty years from A.D. 1863, to the present time. Guy and Co. p. 34. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Carrigrohane Union of Parishes
  4. ^ [1] Placenames Database of Ireland.
  5. ^ a b c Crook 1981a, p. "208"

References[edit]