Carsaig Bay

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Carsaig Bay
Carsaig Bay, Isle of Mull - geograph.org.uk - 718531.jpg
Location Isle of Mull
Coordinates 56°19′13″N 5°58′43″W / 56.32028°N 5.97861°W / 56.32028; -5.97861 (Carsaig Bay)Coordinates: 56°19′13″N 5°58′43″W / 56.32028°N 5.97861°W / 56.32028; -5.97861 (Carsaig Bay)
Basin countries Scotland

Carsaig Bay is a cove on the Ross of Mull in the south of the island of Mull, on the west coast of Scotland. It is situated 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) eastward of Rudha Fhaoilean,[1] and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south of Pennyghael along a "narrow unclassified road".[2] The bay is small and is surrounded by high, precipitous hills. It is unsafe for water craft, except in the part sheltered by the island of Gamhnach Mhòr, where small vessels can obtain anchorage. The northeastern part of Carsaig Bay is rocky and foul from 180–370 metres (590–1,210 ft) offshore from the eastern end of Gamhnach Mhòr to the head of the bay. Three of the rocks are marked by perches to facilitate the approach to Carsaig Quay. The tidal streams along the south coast of Mull are weak westward of Carsaig Bay.[1]

Geography and geology[edit]

The bay is on the south coast of the Ross of Mull and extends from Rubh' a' Chromain in the west to Carraig Mhòr in the east.[3][4] It is accessible from the A849 from Craignure, which leads to an unclassified road 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of Bunessan, the last stretch of which is steep and very narrow.

Woodland above Carsaig

The precipitous cliffs on this coast are tallest at Rudha Fhaoilean. where they are 290 metres (950 ft) high at about 365 metres (1,198 ft) inland.[1] The coast from Rudha Fhaoilean to Rudha Dubh, the western point of the entrance to Loch Buie, a distance of 66 kilometres (41 mi) to the east, is steep except where the bay is formed. This area affords some shelter by Gamhnach Mhòr.[1] The cliffs are lined with basaltic columns, some of them attaining a diameter of 2.1 metres (6 ft 11 in). The Carsaig Arches, a natural formation situated at Malcolm's Point, are located west of the bay.[5]

One of the well known caves here is known as the Nuns Cave where nuns from the Iona Abbey used to escape from the rigours of reformation and hide here. The use of some of these caves reportedly dates back to the 6th century. It is also reported that during the 1400s, the monks (1500 of them) of the Iona Abbey used to visit the shores and caves here to collect sea washed stones and carve them into artifacts and grave stones.[2] Erosive action of the hills has created an amphitheater in basaltic formations rising to a height of 215 metres (705 ft) (240 metres (790 ft) is also mentioned).[2] At the termination of the track the huge columnar basalts rise to a height of 240 metres (790 ft).[2] Other formations seen are weathered sills and dykes. Fossils are a frequent find here.[4] The site has sedimentary rocks of Palaeocene age. Cretaceous strata recorded here has geological formations of sandstones and mudstones with several chalk clasts. The sill formation noted here is the Rubh' a'Chromain which is formed of felsite, basalt and xenoliths.[3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The flora, a distinct feature on the road to the bay, is of wild strawberry and scented woodbine. The fauna noted during the low tide in the bay are oystercatcher and terns[6] Other fauna reported are wild goats, golden eagles and sea eagles and also kittiwakes and fulmars which breed here.[7]

References[edit]

  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: U.S. Hydrographic Office's "British Islands Pilot" (1917)
  1. ^ a b c d United States. Hydrographic Office (1917). British Islands Pilot (Public domain ed.). U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 191–. 
  2. ^ a b c d Brook, Denis; Hinchliffe, Phil (2 March 2012). Scotland's Far West: Walks on Mull and Ardnamurchan. Cicerone Press Limited. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-84965-485-2. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Carsaig Bay, OS Grid Reference: NM533219" (pdf). Geological Conservation Review. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Peter Friend (2012). Scotland (Collins New Naturalist Library, Book 119). HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 234–. ISBN 978-0-00-746598-9. 
  5. ^ Wilson, Neil; Murphy, Alan (2010). Scotland. Lonely Planet. pp. 307–. ISBN 978-1-74220-374-4. 
  6. ^ Somewhere in Scotland. Taylor & Francis. pp. 29–. GGKEY:6E7RU02D7YQ. 
  7. ^ Terry Marsh (2011). The Isle of en Mull. Cicerone Press Limited. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-1-84965-389-3.