Carsten Peter Thiede
Carsten Peter Thiede OCF KStJ (8 August 1952 – 14 December 2004) was a German archaeologist and New Testament scholar. He was also a member of PEN and a Knight of Justice in the Order of St John. He taught as Professor of New Testament Times and History at the Staatsunabhängige Theologische Hochschule (STH) in Basel and at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba, Israel. He often advanced theories that conflicted with the consensus of academic and theological scholarship.
Born in West Berlin, Thiede studied Comparative Literature and History there before procuring a German National Scholarship Foundation Research Fellow position at Queen's College at Oxford University in 1976, where he attained a Blue for volleyball, which he had played in the German Volleyball Premier League.
In 1978, he became a Senior Lecturer in Comparative Literature at Geneva, where he drew inspiration from his fellow "comparativist", George Steiner. Drawn to the subject of early Christianity because of his background as a linguist and his expertise in medieval Latin philology, the study of the origins of Christianity came to form his life's work.
For a number of years into the early '90s Thiede worked with various broadcasting companies, including BBC Radio and ERF, and as an editor at the Brockhaus publishing company. Thiede was best known for his interpretation of some of the Greek Dead Sea Scrolls fragments, including the identification of the small 7Q5 papyrus fragment as a fragment of the Gospel of Mark. He supported O’Callaghan’s controversial claims that several papyrus fragments from Qumran Cave 7 are actually Christian New Testament texts from pre AD 70.
In December 1994, Thiede redated the Magdalen papyrus together with former deputy editor of The Sunday Telegraph and current editor of The Spectator, Matthew d'Ancona, which bears a fragment in Greek of the Gospel of Matthew, to the latter part of the 1st century on palaeographical grounds; this too provoked much debate and was highly publicised, most notably with a front page headline in The Times. He was often accused of being a popular science writer.
In The Quest for the True Cross, also co-written with d'Ancona, Thiede argued that the Titulus Crucis could in fact be part of Jesus' cross, based on his palaeographic study of the writing, though it is considered to be a medieval forgery by many scholars. Thiede is also noted for research into early Christianity, as well as Peter and Paul.
For the last seven years of his life, Thiede worked for the Israel Antiquities Authority repairing damage to the Dead Sea Scrolls and excavating the biblical location of Emmaus. A devout Anglican who was ordained priest in 2000, he was also Chaplain to Her Majesty's Forces in spite of being a German citizen. He died in Paderborn suddenly at the age of 52 from a heart attack.
- Simon Peter: From Galilee to Rome (1988) ISBN 0-310-51561-0
- The Heritage of the First Christians (1994) ISBN 0-7459-2544-8
- The Jesus Papyrus (1994) ISBN 978-0-385-48898-3 (also published as Eyewitness to Jesus (1996) ISBN 0-385-48051-2)(Co-author Matthew D'Ancona)
- Rekindling the Word: In Search of Gospel Truth (1996) ISBN 1-56338-136-2
- Jesus: Life or Legend (2001) ISBN 0-7459-3895-7
- The Dead Sea Scrolls (2001) ISBN 0-7459-5050-7
- The Quest for the True Cross (2002) ISBN 0-312-29424-7
- The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Jewish Origins of Christianity (2003) ISBN 1-4039-6143-3
- The Cosmopolitan World of Jesus: New Light from Archaeology (2004) ISBN 0-281-05508-4
- Emmaus Mystery: Discovering Evidence of the Risen Christ (2005) ISBN 0-8264-6797-0
- Jesus: Man or Myth? (2006) ISBN 0-7459-5147-3
- Information on the fragment including Thiede's theory
- Description of the Titulus Crucis
- Byrne, Ryan; McNary-Zak, Bernadette Resurrecting the Brother of Jesus: The James Ossuary Controversy and the Quest for Religious Relics The University of North Carolina Press (15 Aug 2009) ISBN 978-0-8078-3298-1 p.87 
- Short biography in the Telegraph
- Highly critical review of Thiede's Rekindling the Word: In Search of Gospel, 1995 originally published in the Journal of Higher Criticism