Cartago (Spanish pronunciation: [kaɾˈtaɣo]), which means Carthage in Spanish is a province of Costa Rica. It is located in the central part of the country and borders the provinces of Limón to the east and San José to the west. The capital is Cartago; until 1823 it was also the capital of Costa Rica, which is now San José. The province covers an area of 3,124.61 km² and has a population of 490,903. It is subdivided into eight cantons and is connected to San José via a four-lane highway.
This is one of the smallest provinces in Costa Rica; however, it is probably the richest in colonial tradition. The highest peak is Cerro de la Muerte at 3,600 meters above sea level, and the lowest point of the province is Turrialba, which is 90 meters above sea level.