Carter-Campbell of Possil

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Carter-Campbell of Possil
Campbell of Possil Crest Badge
CREST: {{{chiefs crest}}}
Motto: Fac et spera (Latin = Do and Hope)
Battle cry: Cruachan![1]
Profile
Districts Castle Martin,[2][3][4] County Kildare.[5][6] Achnacroish[7] and Ardrishaig, Argyllshire. Possil, Lanarkshire.[8] Craigenputtock Dumfriesshire.[9]
Plant badges Shamrock[10] and Bog Myrtle [11]
Animal Mascots Rampant Combatant Lions,[12] Talbot and Wild Boar.[13]
Pipe music "The Campbells are Coming"[14]
Gaelic name Cairtear-Cambeulach[15][16]
Armorial Bearings

Arms of the Chief of {{{clan name}}}
Colin Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil (10th of Possil)
Gaelic Name Cailean Donncath (Χ dar Possele)[17]
Seat Craigenputtock[18]
Historic seat Possil[19]
Last Head Lt. Col. Duncan Maclachlan Carter-Campbell of Possil OBE[20]
Carter of Castle Martin Crest Badge
CREST: {{{chiefs crest}}}
Motto: Victrix Patientia Duris(Latin = Patience is victorious in hardship)


Carter-Campbell of Possil (also known as Campbell of Possil) is a branch of Clan Campbell, who are a Scottish clan.[23] Historically, they are part of Clan Campbell, which was regarded as one of the largest Scottish clans. The branch of the Campbell clan was historically centred in Lawers. Some of their Clan, which originated with the original Campbell's had links to the lands of Argyll.

The family originates from two notable scottish families. The Campbells of Possil, were originally part of Clan Campbell, and located in Argyll and the Carters were an Irish family, noted for their political involvement's in the 18th Century in Ireland. The Carter-Campbell name was first used in 1864, following marriage.

Since the marriage there have been a number of notable Carter-Campbell descendants, including Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil OBE and George Carter-Campbell. Many of the Carter-Campbells in recent history have held high ranking positions within the British military.

Origins[edit]

Campbells of Possil[edit]

The Campbell's of Possil's first origins in Scotland is in the area of Argyll (/ɑrˈɡl/), archaically Argyle (Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelic pronounced [ˈaːr̴əɣɛː.əɫ̪]), which is a region of western Scotland. The family is an extended branch of the Campbells of Kinloch and also the Campbells of Murthlie. These both have origins from the Campbells of Lawers.

Their links to the area of Argyll brought the original Campbell's into problems in western Scotland, when Clan Campbell and Clan MacDougall had ongoing conflicts. Their regularly conflicts eventually resulted in the Battle of Red Ford. The battle took place in 1294, which resulted in the death of Sir Colin Campbell, who is said to be one of the first recognised Campbell's in the Argyll region of Scotland. John MacDougall of Argyll is said to have led Clan MacDougall during the battle.[24]

The battle resulted in various Clan Campbell branches having ongoing feuds with Clan MacDougall. Both Clan Campbell and Clan MacDougall had influences in the region of Argyll, which meant there were ongoing feuds between the Scottish clans.[24]

The clan is directly descended from Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy, who was a scottish nobleman born in the 15th century. Towards the end of the Middle Ages, a number of Campbell's reached positions of power within Scotland, while under the reign of King James II. This continued into the reigns of King James III and also James IV of Scotland, where many Campbell's became Earl's of Argyll.

Carters[edit]

The Carter family originally descended from Thomas Carter, an Irish MP and are known as a political family. He was elected as an MP to the Irish House of Commons and became Second Sergeant at Arms being returned first for Fethard and then for Portarlington.[25]

His son also called Thomas Carter, was born in 1690. He was the first occupier of Castlemartin which he acquired in 1729, and was made Master of the Rolls in Ireland in 1731.[26] Thomas Carter was succeeded at Castlemartin by his second son Henry Boyle Carter, who was named after his father's friend and political ally, Speaker Boyle.

In 1750 Henry married Susanna Shaen, widow of James Wynne, daughter of Sir Arthur Shaen, 2nd baronet, and his Catholic wife Susanna Magan, by whom Henry had three sons and one daughter.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy was the second Earl of Argyll in 1457, after succeeding his grandfather, Duncan Campbell. After serving as Earl of Argyll, he became Lord Lorne in 1470. He became an earl after supporting King James II, against the Black Douglases.[27] Colin Campbell was the first Campbell earl in a list of Campbell Earls, who remained as Earls of Argyll until 1641.

17th Century and civil war[edit]

John Campbell of Possil

During the 17th Century there were a number of Large Scottish Battles, which took place between 1644 and 1951.

The Campbell of Possil's first major involvement was at the Battle of Inverlochy in 1645. During this period, Clan Campbell and Clan Lamont fought in various battles across Scotland. Following the battle, Clan Lamont used the opportunity to destroy much of the Clan Campbell's territory in the area. This resulted in a backlash from Clan Campbell, and the scottish clan took both Castle Toward and Castle Ascog from Clan Lamont as a result. Clan Chief James Lamont surrendered, and Clan Campbell burnt both castles to the ground. This period of conflict became known as the Dunoon Massacre.[28][29]

Between 1647 and 1698, the Clan Campbell and Clan MacLean fought numerous battles around the area of Argyll, where many of the Campbell of Possil ancestors were located. In 1647, members of Clan Campbell were defeated at Duart Castle, during a battle by Royalist troops of Clan MacLean. In 1978, Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll, son of the Marquess of Argyll invaded the Isle of Mull and took land from Clan MacLean.[30]

Years after the invasion of the Isle of Mull, members of the Campbell of Possil family invaded Duart Castle in 1691 along with Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll. The Castle was surrendered by Sir John Maclean, 4th Baronet.[31] The Castle was subsequently demolished, by Clan Campbell and eventually included as part of the Torosay Castle estate. It remained as a ruin until it was rebuilt in the 19th Century.[32]

19th Century and Formation of Carter-Campbell[edit]

In the early 19th Century, commissioned David Bryce to build Torosay Castle for the Campbell of Possil family.[33]

The two land owning families were the Carters of Castle Martin and the Campbells of Possil. The Carters of Castle Martin had origins in the region of County Kildare, Ireland and this is where most of their land was located. The Campbells of Possil owned large areas of land throughout Lanarkshire.[34]

Campbell of Argyle. A romanticised Victorian-era illustration of a Clansman by R. R. McIan from The Clans of the Scottish Highlands published in 1845.

The marriage took place between Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter and Emily Georgina Campbell of Possil IV, who was granddaughter of Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil.[35][36][37] Once married, their matrimonal home was the Fascadale estate,[38] Ardrishaig, Argyllshire. Emily Georgina Campbell of Possil IV wished to retain her surname when the marriage took place, which resulted in the formation of the Carter-Campbell name.[39]

Following the marriage in 1864, the family of Carter-Campbell was formed after the union of the two land owning families. Following the union of these two families their Armorial Bearings of the two families was merged in 1864. The Lord Lyon King of Arms in Scotland officially formed the Carter-Campbell of Possil Armorial Bearings.[34][40]

In late 1857 Carter joined the Company's Royal Bengal Engineers and was promoted to first lieutenant on 27 August 1858.[41]

In 1861, Carter served in the Sikkim Expedition. In 1863, he commanded the engineer forces in the Umbeyla Campaign. On 21 April 1864, Carter was appointed a 3rd Grade surveyor in Great Trigonometric Survey of India.[42] Later that year, on 15 September, he was married to Emily Georgina Campbell of Possil, the daughter of General George Campbell of Inverniell and he adopted the new name of Carter-Campbell of Possil.

Carter served in the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia where, upon the death of H. W. Garnault, he was promoted to of captain on 13 September 1870.[43]

On 1 October 1877 Carter was promoted to major in the Royal Engineers,[44] and made lieutenant colonel on 11 December 1886.[45] He retired in 1887 upon receiving the honorary rank of colonel.

Carter lived for a time at Siam House, Weymouth, Dorset.[46] In 1893 he was granted renewed arms by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and formally changed his name to Carter-Campbell of Possil.[46][47]

He subsequently lived with his wife and children at the family residence of Fascadale, in the parish of South Knapdale in Strathclyde (now Ardrishaig, Lochgilphead, Argyllshire).[48]

20th Century onwards[edit]

On 14 January 1900 Carter died at Fascadale, aged 61.[49][50]

The family had other military involvements during the same period and beyond. Carter had six children, his son George Carter-Campbell served in World War I and became a major general. Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil was another of Carter's sons, and was a British Army Colonel during the 1950s.[51]

Clan profile[edit]

Motto[edit]

Translated from its Latin as "Do and Hope"

Fac et Spera

Notable bearers[edit]

The notable bearers included:

Portrait Name Birth Death Family Known For
Thomas Carter Thomas Carter 1690
Hollybrook, Dublin, Ireland
3 September 1763
Rathnally House, near Trim
Unknown Irish MP and first occupier of Castlemartin[52][53][54]
John Carter Admiral John Carter 1785
Castlemartin
2 April 1863 (aged 77–78)
Devonport
son of Thomas Carter and Catherine Butler of Castlemartin Officer of the Royal Navy[55]
Thomas Carter Campbell Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil 15 September 1838 14 January 1900 the third son of Admiral John Carter RN of Castlemartin and his wife, Julia Adery Georges.[1] He was a grandson of Thomas Carter MP of Castlemartin. British Soldier
Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil Unknown Unknown Son of John Campbell (original owner of Estates of Possil 10 November 1796 was appointed Colonel of the 7th West India Regiment.[56][57][58][59]
Duncan Carter Campbell of Possil Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil OBE 1911
The Island of Malta
1990
Dumfriesshire
Son of George Carter-Campbell British Army Colonel during the 1950s, received OBE
George Carter-Campbell George Carter-Campbell 1869
Edinburgh
1921 (aged 51 or 52)
London
Unknown became Major General in 1915

Crests & Coats of Arms[edit]

Campbell of Glenorchy.png
GLENORCHY
1420 - 1556
Campbell of Lawers arms.svg
LAWERS
1475
Campbell of Lawers.png
LAWERS
1475 - 1616
Campbell of Murthlie.png
MURTHLIE
1525
Campbell of Kinloch.png
KINLOCH
1600 - 1776
Campbell of Park arms.svg
PARK
1750 - 1772
Campbell of Possil arms.svg
POSSIL
1780 -1809
Lamont-Campbell of Possil.png
POSSIL
1780 - 1892
(Lamont-Campbell)
Carter-Campbell of Possil.png
POSSIL
1780 - 1952
(Carter-Campbell)
Campbell Colgrain.png
COLGRAIN
1800 - 186
Campbell of Colgrain.png
COLGRAIN
1946
Campbell of Eskan.png
ESKAN
1960 - 1966

Tartans[edit]

The tartans attributed to the family:

Estates[edit]

Torosay Castle, Isle of Mull[edit]

Campbell of Possil coat of arms at Torosay Castle

The Castle was built by the architect David Bryce for John Campbell of Possil. The castle was built in Scottish Baronial style, and completed in 1858.[33]

7 years after the construction of the castle, it was sold by John Campbell, to the wealthy businessman Arburthnot Charles Guthrie. The castle was sold in 1865. The castle was later sold to the Guthrie family, and is now commonly acknowledged as the seat for Clan Guthrie.[33]

John Campbell of Possil[60] (nicknamed "The Dragoon")[61] who was the son of Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil,[62][63] employed architect, David Bryce,[64] and built the castle on the Isle of Mull[65] on the Torosay estate[66][67] after acquiring it from his father[68][69] in 1858.[70] The armorial bearings of the Campbells of Possil and the Crest, as shown above, are carved in stone[71] and displayed on each elevation of the castle walls.[71]

The Carter-Campbell family sold Torosay Castle in 1865. John Campbell of Possil sold the castle and the estate to Arburthnot Charles Guthrie, a wealthy London businessman. Torosay Castle is still standing, and in 2008 was the location where a priceless bottle of Veuve Clicquot champagne was found in the Castle. It was regarded as priceless by many, and is now on show display at the Veuve Clicquot visitor centre in Reims, France.[72]

Duart Castle[edit]

Duart Castle was originally built in the 13th Century, and was part of Clan MacLean.[31] in 1350, Lachlan Lubanach Maclean of Duart was given the Castle as her dowry. The Clan Campbell's first involvement was an attack in 1647, and Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll finally captured the Castle in 1691.[31] The Castle was then demolished, leaving the Castle in ruin. Large bricks from the ruins of the Castle were used by Donald Maclean, 5th Laird of Torloisk, to build a cottage for his family close to the Castle. By 1751, the castle has been abandoned and was officially part of the Torosay Castle estate.[32]

The Campbell of Inverneill arms

Descendants of Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll sold the castle in 1801. It was purchased by Clan MacQuarrie, before it was sold to Carter-Campbell of Possil, who kept the Castle as a ruin in the Torosay estate. When the estate was sold, the Castle ruin was purchased by Sir Fitzroy Donald Maclean and restored.[31]

Possil Estate[edit]

The house on the Possil Estate.

A region known as Nether Possil, was acquired by Robert Crawford in 1595. From this point onwards, the estate was sold between various wealthy Scottish families, until the writer John Forbes built a house in 1697. In 1808, the estate was acquired by Colonel Alexander Campbell, son of Glasgow merchant John Campbell senior, founder of the west Indian trading house of John Campbell sen. & Co. Colonel Campbell has served during the battles in South Africa, being present at the capture of the Cape of Good Hope in 1806, and at the Battle of Corunna where he commanded the 20th Regiment. Having bought the adjoining estate of Keppoch in 1838, the family seat had transferred there. Campbell rented Possil house and a park to Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet, who as the lawyer son of Scottish writer Archibald Alison, had in 1834 become Sheriff of Lanarkshire.

The house and parts of the estate went onto become the Possilpark area of Glasgow.

Clan Campbell of Possil Family Mausoleum[edit]

A horse in a landscape with Castle Martin in the background. The property was occupied by the Carter family from 1730 to 1850.

The Clan Campbell of Possil has a family mausoleum, which is located in the Parkland within the grounds of Torosay Castle.[73][74] A number of family members were buried there, following the purchase of the Torosay Estate in 1808. The following family members are buried at the mausoleum.

  • Harriet Maclachlan[78] - Married Alexander Campbell of Possil, and was laid to rest in the Campbell of Possil Family Mausoleum. Before marriage, she was part of Clan Maclachlan and the daughter of Donald Maclachlan.[79]
  • John Campbell of Possil Esq.[83] and of Torosay Castle[84] (Duart House[85]) The Achnacroish Estate,[86] Isle of Mull[87] and his three wives: Elizabeth Campbell of Ballimore,[88] Helen Bogle Campbell of Colgrain[89] and Elizabeth[90] daughter of Donald Horne W.S.[91]
The Campbell of Colgrain arms

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