Carter Beats the Devil
|Carter Beats The Devil|
1st Edition Cover (2001) of Carter Beats The Devil published by Hodder & Stoughton
|Author||Glen David Gold|
|Illustrator||(Reprints of posters) Nielsen Poster Collection|
|Cover artist||Joel Lardner (2006 edition)|
|Genre||Historical Mystery Thriller novel|
|Publisher||Hodder & Stoughton (Part of Hodder Headline)|
|Publication date||16 August 2001|
|Published in English||16 August 2001|
|Media type||Print Hardback|
|Pages||576 (Hardback, 2001)|
|ISBN||ISBN 0-340-79497-6 ISBN 978-0-340-79497-5 (Hardcover, 2001)|
- 1 Plot introduction
- 2 Plot summary
- 3 Characters in "Carter Beats The Devil"
- 4 Major themes
- 5 Allusions/references to other works
- 6 Literary significance & criticism
- 7 Allusions/references to actual history, geography and current science
- 8 Release details
- 9 Sources, references, external links, quotations
The 1920s was a golden age for stage magic and Charles Carter is an American stage magician at the height of his fame and powers. At the climax of his latest touring stage show, Carter invites United States President Warren G. Harding on to stage to take part in his act. In front of an amazed audience, Carter proceeds to chop the president into pieces, cut off his head, and feed him to a lion, before restoring him to health. The show is a great success, but two hours later the president is dead, and Carter finds himself the centre of some very unwelcome attention indeed.
Explanation of the novel's title
The title of the novel comes from Carter's evening length stage show, the third act of which is called "Carter Beats The Devil" and features Carter in a magician's duel with an assistant made up as the Devil.
This novel is a fictionalised biography of Charles Joseph Carter. The main character, Carter, is followed through his career, from his first encounter with magic to his last performance. Along the way he encounters many historical figures, including fellow magicians Harry Houdini and Howard Thurston, United States President Warren G. Harding, BMW founder Max Friz, the Marx Brothers, business magnate Francis Marion "Borax" Smith, the inventor of electronic television Philo Farnsworth, and San Franciscan madams Tessie Wall and Jessie Hayman.
Most of the novel centres on the mysterious death of President Harding, who dies shortly after taking part in Carter's stage show. President Harding apparently knew of many serious scandals that seemed likely to bring down the establishment and it seems certain that he was assassinated by persons and methods unknown. Much of Carter's past is shown in the form of flashbacks as U.S. Secret Service Agent Griffin investigates the magician as a suspect.
The flashbacks chart Carter's early career including his first encounter with a magic trick, shown to him by "the tallest man alive", Joe Sullivan (also an actual, if obscure, historical figure) in a fairground sideshow, his first paid performance for Borax Smith, his rivalry with the magician "Mysterioso", his first meeting with Harry Houdini who bestows the title "Carter the Great" on him, and Carter's marriage to Sarah Annabelle.
Unbeknownst to Agent Griffin, President Harding passed a great secret to Carter: a young inventor named Philo Farnsworth has a new invention called television. Television is wanted by both the radio industry and the military and they are hunting Carter to get it. Carter must draw on all his magic to escape kidnapping and death as he seeks out the inventor. Along the way Carter meets a young blind woman with a mysterious past and encounters a deadly rival.
Finally, in a magic show to end all magic shows, Carter must truly beat the devil if he is to save Farnsworth and his magical invention.
Characters in "Carter Beats The Devil"
- Charles Carter (Carter the Great): Title character, American stage magician, based on Charles Joseph Carter whose biography was written by Mike Caveney.
- James Carter: Carter The Great's younger brother and business manager.
- President Warren G. Harding: Real life President of the United States who is the victim of an apparent assassination plot.
- Agent Jack Griffin: Secret Service Agent and veteran who failed to prevent the assassination of President William McKinley and perhaps also of President Harding.
- Harry Houdini: Real life escape artist and magician who bestows the title "Carter The Great" on Charles Carter.
- Mysterioso: Carter's great rival, a magician who makes an enemy of Houdini and later returns seeking revenge.
- (Sarah) Annabelle Bernhardt: Assistant to Mysterioso and later Carter, also Carter's love interest and first wife.
- Borax Smith, "the richest man alive": Real life business magnate Francis Marion Smith who pays Carter for his first performance and assists both Carter and Phoebe Kyle.
- Phoebe Kyle: Carter's love interest for much of the novel and eventually second wife. Blinded in a fire, but saved by Borax Smith.
- Max Friz: In real life the founder of BMW, who presents Carter with a motorcycle for publicity purposes.
- Agents Hollis, O'Brien and Stutz: Secret Service agents who are enemies of both Carter and Agent Griffin.
- Olive White: Librarian who assists Agent Jack Griffin.
- Captain Tulang: Indonesian pirate who takes Carter's company captive and robs them. Tulang is named for Tulang Island in the Philippine municipality of San Francisco. Much of the book is set in the somewhat more famous city of San Francisco, California.
- Philo Farnsworth: Real life inventor of electronic television and also of the fusor fusion device.
The major theme of Carter Beats The Devil is one of seemingly impossible escapes. This theme runs from Carter's first glimpse of magic as a child when he is imprisoned in the cellar of his parents' house to the final, most impossible, death defying escape of all which he reveals only to Agent Griffin at the end of the story.
Another theme is the way different things inspire wonder. From early encounters with the world's tallest man and the world's richest man to the modern marvel of television and a really fast motorcycle, the book explores the sense of wonder experienced by both Carter and his audience.
Yet another, more subtle and underlying theme, is that of achievements being made in secret. Carter's greatest trick is performed to the knowledge of only a few close people.
Allusions/references to other works
Carter Beats The Devil refers to many famous magic acts of the early twentieth century, and contains reprints of many theatrical posters from magic acts of the period.
In the afterword of the book, author Glen David Gold credits the writings of Nevil Maskelyne, David Devant, Robert Houdin, Howard Thurston, F. B. Nightingale, Augustus Rapp, T. Nelson Downs, James Randi, Harry Kellar, Ottawa Keyes, Ricky Jay and Walter Gibson.
Other books the author mentions using for research include:
- The Illustrated History of Magic by Milbourne Christopher
- Curious Punishments of Bygone Days by Alice Morse Earle
- The Madams of San Francisco by Curt Gentry
- The Technology of Orgasm by Rachel P. Maines
- Harpo Speaks by Harpo Marx
- Magic: A Pictorial History of Conjurers in the Theater by David Price
- The Shadow of Blooming Grove: Warren G. Harding in His Times by Francis Russell
- Houdini!!!: The Career of Ehrich Weiss by Kenneth Silvermann
- Starling of the White House by Edmund Starling
- The American Black Chamber by Herbert Yardley
A number of traditional songs are sung in Carter Beats The Devil including "What Shall We Do With A Drunken Sailor?", "Blow the Man Down", "Sugar In The Hold" and "Good-bye Fare Thee Well", though only the lyrics of the first song are actually reprinted.
Literary significance & criticism
"Though Carter Beats the Devil seems uncertain of its focus at times, it is an enormously assured first novel. That in itself is no small feat of legerdemain." Janet Maslin, Books of the Times, New York Times, August 27, 2001. the full review
Allusions/references to actual history, geography and current science
Carter Beats The Devil draws on so much actual history it is difficult to know where history leaves off and fiction begins.
- The main character, Carter the Great, is based on Charles Joseph Carter, an actual magician whose biography was written by Mike Caveney. An article about the real Charles Joseph Carter was written by John R. Browne III and published in the winter 2001 edition of the "Frisco Cricket", a periodical produced by the San Francisco Traditional Jazz Foundation. As of 15 November 2007 an online copy of the article was available at the foundation's website here.
- Harry Houdini, Warren G. Harding, Philo Farnsworth, Francis Marion "Borax" Smith, Max Friz, Tessie Wall, Jessie Hayman, and Joe Sullivan amongst others featured in the story were all real people.
- Carter meets The Marx Brothers while they are still performing as a sketch troupe called "Fun In Hi-Skule", which is an actual act the brothers performed as young men. They are referred in the book by their actual names Adolph, Leonard and Julius instead of Harpo, Chico and Groucho.
- The slow decline of the music hall and theatre industry in the face of cinema, radio and eventually television is portrayed in the book.
- The central plot revolves around the apparent murder of United States President Warren G. Harding. In fact President Harding did die on the date given in the book, in a San Francisco hotel, however the cause was pneumonia after a bout of food poisoning. (Before the development of penicillin based medicines pneumonia and similar common infections were often fatal, even for those with access to the best medical care.) Also referred to are a large number of political scandals that plagued President Harding's administration.
- Philo Farnsworth did invent a form of electronic television (see History of television) and many elements of his design continued to be used with Cathode Ray Tube television sets throughout their production.
- Borax Smith, real name Francis Marion Smith, was an American business magnate and real estate developer who constructed much of Oakland, California.
- 2001, United Kingdom, Hodder & Stoughton, ISBN 0-340-79497-6, Pub date 16 August 2001, Hardback (First Edition)
- 2001, Hyperion Books, ISBN 0-7868-6734-5, Pub date 2001, Hardback
- 2002, United Kingdom, Sceptre, ISBN 0-340-79499-2, Pub date 16 May 2002, Paperback
- 2003, United Kingdom, Hodder & Stoughton Audio Books, ISBN 1-84032-855-X, Pub date 4 August 2003, Audio CD & Tape
- 2006, United Kingdom, Sceptre, ISBN 0-340-93627-4, Pub date 28 December 2006, Paperback