|Birth name||Carlton D'metrius Pearson|
March 19, 1953 |
San Diego, United States
Carlton D'metrius Pearson, DD (born March 19, 1953 in San Diego, California) is an American minister. At one time, he was the pastor of the Higher Dimensions Evangelistic Center, later named it Higher Dimensions Family Church which was one of the largest churches in Tulsa, Oklahoma. During the 1990s, it grew to an average attendance of over 5,000. Due to his stated belief in universal reconciliation, Pearson rapidly began to lose his influence in ministry with the Joint College of African-American Pentecostal Bishops and was eventually declared a heretic by his peers in 2004.
Pearson attended Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, where he was mentored by Oral Roberts. He was licensed and ordained in the Church of God in Christ. Pearson formed his own church, the Higher Dimensions Evangelistic Center, which became one of the largest churches in Tulsa. He was one of only two African American ministers to appear on national television, reaching hundreds of thousands to millions of people, weekly and has been credited as being one of the first black ministers to hold major conferences in arenas & stadiums within the African American fundamentalist movement. During the 1990s Pearson's church grew to an average attendance of over 6,000, and in 1997 Pearson was ordained as a bishop. In 2000, Pearson campaigned for George W. Bush, and later he was invited to the White House. Pearson had one of the most watched TV programs on the Trinity Broadcasting Network. Pearson was also the host of the AZUSA Conference in Tulsa. Pearson was also a travelling evangelist, holding two-day revivals across the continent. Pearson also gave many up and coming ministers and singers credibility and a global audience, including T.D. Jakes, Joyce Meyer, Donnie McClurkin and many others. Pearson has also met and counseled with former Presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton.
The Gospel of Inclusion
|“||A person who spends every day getting drunk, will ruin their health, marriage, family, and career; they will make their lives a living Hell. But that still falls far short of the chronic alcoholic being condemned by a just God to literally burn in Hell forever and ever.
For others it may very well be that the punishment merited by their sins is greater than what they receive in this life. For those people perhaps there will be some kind of punishment after death, but we believe that it will be remedial and corrective rather than just punishment for punishment's sake. Exactly what that will be and how long it will last we don't know. Will Hell for some people last 10 minutes or 10 million years... we don't know. But this we do know: Hell will not last for eternity; it will not be endless... Don't sin. Be reunited with God now, rather than after you have put yourself (and those you love) through Hell.
—Bishop Pearson's belief in Hell as stated on his Web site 
After watching a television program about the wretched conditions of people suffering and dying from the genocide in Rwanda, and considering the teachings of his church that non-Christians were going to Hell, Pearson believed he had received an epiphany from God. He stated publicly that he doubted the existence of Hell as a place of eternal torment. He said that hell is created on earth by human depravity and behavior.
In February 2002, Pearson lost a primary election for the office of mayor of Tulsa. By then Pearson had begun to call his doctrine—a variation on universal reconciliation—the Gospel of Inclusion and many in his congregation began to leave.
In March 2004, after hearing Pearson's argument for inclusion, the Joint College of African-American Pentecostal Bishops concluded that such teaching was heresy. Declared a heretic by his peers, Pearson rapidly began to lose his influence. Membership at the Higher Dimensions Family Church fell below 1,000, and the church lost its building to foreclosure in January 2006. The church members began meeting in the nearby Trinity Episcopal Church as the New Dimensions Worship Center.
The Higher Dimensions Worship Center
In November 2006, Pearson was accepted as a United Church of Christ minister.
In June 2008, the Higher Dimensions Worship Center moved its meetings to the All Souls Unitarian Church in Tulsa. On September 7, 2008, Pearson held his final service for the Higher Dimensions Worship Center, and it was absorbed into the All Souls Unitarian Church.
The Christ Universal Temple (Chicago)
In May 2009, Pearson was named the interim minister of the Christ Universal Temple, a large New Thought congregation in Chicago, Illinois. On January 3, 2011, it was reported that he had left this position.
Media coverage of Pearson
- Pearson's life story was the subject of "Heretics," an episode of the Chicago Public Radio program This American Life that was first broadcast on December 16, 2005.
- Pearson's life story was telecast on the Dateline NBC program, To Hell and Back, first shown on August 13, 2006.
- Pearson was the subject of a Cable News Network story on June 24, 2007, that covered the changes in his teachings (including acceptance of LGBT people into his church) and the backlash against it.
- In March 2009, Pearson appeared on Nightline "Face Off" with Deepak Chopra, Mark Driscoll, and Annie Lobert to address the question "Does Satan Exist?"
- In July 2010 it was announced that director Marc Forster will direct a feature film about Pearson's life. The script will be written by screenwriter Marcus Hinchey and based on the This American Life 's "Heretics" episode.
- In September 2010, Pearson again appeared on CNN with anchor Kyra Phillips, discussing the widely publicized gay rumors regarding Bishop Eddie Long. Pearson was again criticized for his inclusive thinking by many Christian fundamentalists, for stating "Until the Church—the Church, black or otherwise—confronts—not combats—confronts this issue of human sexuality and homosexuality, which is not going away. Homosexuals and homosexuality is not going away. If every gay person in our church just left or those who have an orientation or preference or an inclination, or a fantasy, if everyone left, we wouldn't have -- we wouldn't have a church."
- In December 2010, Academy Award winner Mo'Nique personally invited Pearson to appear on her BET-TV Late night talk show. Mo'Nique publicly suggested that she followed & supported Pearson and would "come to his church in Atlanta, if he had one and would have her."
Pearson's musical career & personal life
In September 1993 Pearson was married at age 40 to the former Gina Marie Gauthier (born December 13, 1961 in Lake Charles, LA). She is a life coach by profession. They have two children; a son, Julian D'Metrius Pearson, born on July 9, 1994 in Tulsa, OK, and a daughter, Majestè Amour Pearson born, October 29, 1996 in Tulsa, OK.
- The Gospel of Inclusion: Reaching Beyond Religious Fundamentalism to the True Love of God, 2007. Azusa Press/ Council Oak Books, ISBN 0-9791689-0-2.
- God Is Not a Christian, Nor a Jew, Muslim, Hindu… 2010 Atria Books/ Simon & Schuster, Inc. ISBN 1-4165-8443-9.
- "Ten Minutes with Carlton". Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- Pentecostal Bishop Pearson declared a `Heretic' for `Inclusionism' Views
- Christ Universal Temple Web site
- "New Dimensions Information page". Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- Frequently Asked Questions about Inclusion
- "Heretics". This American Life. 2005-12-16. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "Pearson's Gospel of Inclusion' Stirs Controversy" Charisma Magazine, May, 2002
- Group Says Pentecostal Bishop Pearson a `Heretic' for `Inclusionism' Views - Beliefnet.com
- Davis, KirLee (April 18, 2007). "Tulsa Christian school buys former church for $5.19M". The Journal Record.
- Bill Sherman, "After last sermon, no regrets" Tulsa World, September 21, 2008
- "Formerly major church is folded into another", AP in Deseret News, September 27, 2008.
- Margaret Ramirez, "Some Christ UniversalTemple members oppose Rev. Carlton Pearson’s appointment", Chicago Tribune, May 11, 2009.
- Manya Brachear, "Christ Universal Temple leader stepping down: 2-year tenure at South Side megachurch ending", Chicago Tribune, January 3, 2011
- This American Life
- To Hell and Back, Dateline NBC story on Pearson's evolution
- CNN story
- "Nightline Face-Off: Does Satan Exist?". Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Kilday, Gregg. "Marcus Hinchey penning 'Heretics'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2010-08-08.[dead link]
- "Pentecostal Profiles". Retrieved 2007-11-29.[dead link]
- First two chapters of The Gospel of inclusion, from the New Dimensions website
- "God Is Not a Christian, Nor a Jew, Muslim, Hindu... | Book by Carlton Pearson - Simon & Schuster". Books.simonandschuster.com. 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- Pearson's life story, as told on This American Life, with numerous quotes from Pearson
- Christ Universal Temple
- Carlton Pearson interview discussing his departure from Christ Universal Temple, Chicago Tonight, WTTW, January 6, 2011.