Caruaru is a Brazilian city in the state of Pernambuco. The most populous city in the interior of the state, it's located in the micro zone of Agreste and because of its cultural importance, it's commonly known by its people as the Capital do Agreste (which in Portuguese means the "Capital of Agreste") and Princesinha do Agreste ("Little Princess of Agreste"). The city is located 130 kilometers (70.194 miles) from Recife, and its international airport, known worldwide for its June festivities and is also called the Capital do Forró ("Capital of Forró"). The Festival of Saint John takes up the whole month of June, and sometimes extends into July. It is often considered the greatest Saint John's Festival in the world. Caruaru had a resident population of 354,951 inhabitants in the year 2010, who live in a land area of 921 square kilometers. Caruaru is the town of Álvaro Lins, Brazilian journalist; Ten Brig Reginaldo dos Santos, former dean of the ITA ( a federal government institution dedicated to provide high level education and research in Science and Technology areas of interest to the aerospace sector in general, and especially to the Aeronautical Command).
The lands that today form the city of Caruaru were originally a cattle ranch owned by the family Nunes dos Bezerros. This name was given because of the proximity of the farm to the Bezerros Chapel. A couple of orphans used to live with the Nunes family. One of them, José Rodrigues de Jesus, took his part of the inheritance, staying in the place lately named Caruaru. There he built a chapel dedicated to the Immaculate Conception. The population started around this chapel. In 1846 the Friar Euzébio de Sales started to build the parish named Igreja Matriz, nowadays a cathedral. In later years, the church was rebuilt twice, the last one in 1883. The geographical position benefited the city, because it's an obligatory stop in the transport of cattle.
The main economic activities in Caruaru in industry (especially textiles), tourism, commerce, and handicrafts, and in the primary sector, especially the raising of goats, chickens, and cows, and the production of milk. Agricultural activity in the Caruaru area also includes beans, manioc and corn. Caruaru also hosts one of the biggest open traditional and handicrafts markets of Brazil, the Feira de Caruaru.