Carwood Lipton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
C. Carwood Lipton
Carwood lipton 506e.jpg
First Lieutenant Carwood Lipton in Dress Uniform
Nickname(s) Lip
Born (1920-01-30)January 30, 1920
Huntington, West Virginia
Died December 16, 2001(2001-12-16) (aged 81)
Southern Pines, North Carolina
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1942-1945
Rank US-O2 insignia.svg First Lieutenant[1]
Unit Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards
Other work Glass-making Executive

First Lieutenant Clifford Carwood Lipton (January 30, 1920 - December 16, 2001)[3] was a commissioned officer with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division during World War II. Lipton was portrayed by Donnie Wahlberg in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers. On the battlefields of Europe he was promoted to Company First Sergeant and ultimately was awarded a battlefield commission to Second Lieutenant. He said "it was the greatest honor ever awarded" to him. He eventually earned a promotion to First Lieutenant before leaving the Army. Lipton's life story was featured in the 2010 book A Company of Heroes: Personal Memories about the Real Band of Brothers and the Legacy They Left Us.[4]

Youth[edit]

Carwood Lipton was born and raised in Huntington, West Virginia. His father was killed in an automobile accident when he was ten.[5] His mother was involved in the same accident and was paralyzed. Since Carwood was the eldest child, she told him to be the "man of the family".[5] After completing one year at Huntington's Marshall University,[6] he left school due to financial troubles at home and went to work in war-related production.[5] After reading an article in Life Magazine on the difficulty of paratrooper training, and how the airborne was one of the most highly trained branches of the army,[5] Lipton enlisted and joined the paratroops on August 15, 1942 at Fort Thomas (Newport), Kentucky.[6]

Military service[edit]

Carwood Lipton shot up through the ranks of the company eventually becoming Company First Sergeant after the acting Company First Sergeant, James Diel, was given a battlefield commission and transferred within the 506th PIR. Lipton was always keeping the men's spirits high, and pushed them to their full potential. This was recognized by the officers of Easy, the 101st, and the 506th. He was also known as "The Man".

Carwood Lipton was the jumpmaster of one of the C-47 Skytrains that the paratroopers used to jump into Normandy. Lipton jumped into Normandy and was able to rendezvous with then First Lieutenant Richard Winters and several other men from the 101st, and two more from the 82nd Airborne Division. They were later joined by several more Easy Company members, and worked their way just south of their objective of Carentan.

During the Invasion of Normandy, Lipton was hit by German 88mm shrapnel.[7] A medic patched him up and Lipton resumed fighting.[7] Lipton was teamed with Sergeant Mike Ranney during the Brécourt Manor Assault, where Easy Company was assigned the task of destroying four 105 mm howitzers (originally thought to be 88 mm) that were firing down on Utah Beach.[8] Lipton and Ranney climbed up a tree and shot some Germans from a distance.[8] Easy Company managed to destroy the four howitzers, and Lipton was awarded the Bronze Star[9] as a result of this action.

Lipton was involved in the assault on Carentan and was injured by shrapnel in the face and groin;[10][11] He was awarded the Purple Heart as a result of wounds suffered in this action.

Easy Company's slowly depleting ranks became a problem during the run-up to Operation Market Garden; the vacancies were filled by replacement soldiers. Carwood Lipton is remembered by many of the "replacement" veterans as being one of the very few men who immediately accepted them as true soldiers. Lipton was with Easy Company when they liberated Eindhoven, and was part of an advanced scout team that scouted the route (bridge) ahead of the rest of the Company.

A small team of scouts was on the crossroads in the Netherlands when a member of their squad was badly wounded by a German Model 24 Stielhandgranate and Easy Company was called to action. They were assigned the task of destroying any remaining German resistance at the crossroads. Lipton was not among the original assault team of around ten men, but joined up the next morning with the rest of the Company. Easy Company managed to destroy over two Companies of SS situated at the Crossroads as a result of a surprise attack on their position.

Operation Pegasus was a small operation where Easy Company was to cross the river on boats supplied by Royal Canadian Engineers, and bring back over 140 British Paratroopers who were trapped when they pulled back from Arnhem. Lipton and First Lieutenant Heyliger oversaw the Operation, ensuring its success.

During an artillery barrage in the woods near Foy, Lipton confessed about laughing as he saw the shells burst, reminding him of his childhood watching fireworks on the 4th of July. Lipton said he wouldn't have laughed if he knew what happened to Joe Toye, who was wounded, eventually losing his right leg. While under the newly appointed command of First Lieutenant Norman Dike during the siege of Bastogne in the Ardennes Forest, Lipton's calm resolve, mentorship and leadership gave the men hope as he became the de facto commanding officer due to Dike's incompetent leadership.

After Easy Company's assault on the town of Foy, Lipton was told he would be awarded a battlefield commission as a Second Lieutenant.[12] Carwood Lipton received his official commission in Haguenau. Lipton later witnessed the horrors of the Holocaust at Landsberg, where he and the rest of Easy Company liberated the camp.

Lipton assisted Easy Company in the capture of the Hitler's winter retreat at, Berchtesgaden. While there, Lipton became acquainted with Ferdinand Porsche (partially responsible for the Panther and Tiger tanks), who spoke English very well.[13] They ate their meals together while Porsche was in a POW camp. Lipton remained with Easy Company through the end of the war, until the Unit was disbanded (after the official surrender of the Japanese and the Germans).[14] He remained in the Army Reserve through the Korean War, but was not deployed overseas again.[15]

Medals and Decorations[edit]

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze Star with 1 Oak Leaf Cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Purple Heart with two Oak Leaf Clusters
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Presidential Unit Citation with one Oak Leaf Cluster
Army Good Conduct ribbon.svg Good Conduct Medal
American Defense Service ribbon.svg American Defense Service Medal
Arrowhead
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with 3 service stars and arrow device
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation ribbon.svg Army of Occupation Medal
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg National Defense Service Medal
Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with palm (France) - ribbon bar.png Croix de guerre with palm
French Liberation Medal ribbon.png French Liberation Medal
BEL Commemorative Medal of the War 1940-1945.png Belgian World War II Service Medal
Combat Infantry Badge.svg Combat Infantryman Badge
Cp2j.jpg Parachutist Badge with 2 jump stars

Later years[edit]

Upon Lipton's return to the United States, he enrolled at Marshall University and completed his final three years graduating with a degree in Engineering.[16] Fresh with his degree, Lipton got a job with Owens Illinois Inc., a manufacturer of glass products and plastics packaging.[16] He rapidly advanced in the company and by 1952 he had become Chief Operator.[17]

In 1966, he moved to Bridgeton, New Jersey where he became an Administrative Manager, and in 1971, he and his wife moved to London where he was the Director of Manufacturing for eight different glass companies in England and Scotland for several years.[17] In 1982, he moved to Toledo, Ohio and retired a year later from his post as Director of International Development.[17] Lipton spent his retirement years in the town of Southern Pines, North Carolina.[16]

C. Carwood Lipton died on December 16, 2001 of pulmonary fibrosis in Southern Pines, North Carolina.[16] He is survived by his wife Marie and his three sons; Clifford Carwood III, Thomas, Michael, five grandchildren, and eight great-grandchildren.[16]

In the media[edit]

Carwood Lipton has appeared on two separate television shows, providing his own commentary in the HBO mini-series Band of Brothers and the true story of Easy Company, We Stand Alone Together: The Men of Easy Company.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ DeAngelis, Frank. "Lipton's shadowbox". Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  3. ^ Social Security Death Index record
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ a b c d Alexander, p.88.
  6. ^ a b World War II Army Enlistment Records: on-line NARA Archival Database
  7. ^ a b Winters, p.177.
  8. ^ a b Ambrose, pp.79-84.
  9. ^ Ambrose, p.85.
  10. ^ Winters, p.279.
  11. ^ Guarnere and Heffron, p.75.
  12. ^ Winters, p.201.
  13. ^ Ambrose, p.276.
  14. ^ Winters, p.25.
  15. ^ Winters, p.277.
  16. ^ a b c d e Goldstein, Richard (2001-12-24). "C. Carwood Lipton, 81, Figure in 'Band of Brothers,' Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  17. ^ a b c Jones, Josh (2001-09-26). "Hometown Hero: Marshall alumnus Clifford Carwood Lipton inspires D-Day mini-series "Band of Brothers"". The Parthenon. Retrieved 2006-01-16. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Winters, Richard D., with Cole C. Kingseed (2006). Beyond Band of Brothers: The War Memoirs of Major Dick Winters. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-425-20813-3. 
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1992). Band of Brothers: Easy Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne from Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7434-6411-6. 
  • Alexander, Larry (2005). Biggest Brother: The Life of Major Dick Winters, The Man Who Led the Band of Brothers. NAL Caliber. ISBN 0-451-21510-9. 
  • Guarnere, William J., and Edward J. Heffron, with Robyn Post (2007). Brothers in Battle, Best of Friends: Two WWII Paratroopers from the Original Band of Brothers Tell Their Story. Berkley Caliber. ISBN 978-0-425-21970-6. 
  • Brotherton, Marcus (2010). A Company of Heroes: Personal Memories about the Real Band of Brothers and the Legacy They Left Us. Berkley Caliber. ISBN 978-0-425-23420-4. 

External links[edit]