Cary, North Carolina
|Town of Cary|
|Incorporated||April 6, 1871|
|• Mayor||Harold Weinbrecht|
|• Total||55.4 sq mi (143.6 km2)|
|• Land||54.3 sq mi (140.8 km2)|
|• Water||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2) 1.97%|
|Elevation||480 ft (146 m)|
|Population (2012 Census Estimate)|
|• Density||2,571.5/sq mi (991.7/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP Code||27511-27513, 27518, 27519|
|Area code(s)||919, 984|
|GNIS feature ID||1019552|
Cary // is the seventh largest municipality in North Carolina. Cary is in Wake and Chatham counties in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Located almost entirely in Wake County, it is the second largest municipality in that county and the third largest municipality in The Triangle after Raleigh and Durham. The town's population was 94,536 as of the 2000 census, but the Census Bureau reported that its population had grown to 135,234 by 2010 (an increase of 43.1%), making it the largest town and seventh largest municipality statewide. Cary is currently the second most populous incorporated town (behind only Gilbert, Arizona) in the United States. According to the US Census Bureau, Cary was the 5th fastest growing municipality in the United States between September 1, 2006, and September 1, 2007.
Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill make up the three primary cities of the Research Triangle metropolitan region even though today Cary is the 3rd largest municipality in the metropolitan area. The regional nickname of "The Triangle" originated after the 1959 creation of the Research Triangle Park, primarily located in Durham County, four miles from downtown Durham. RTP is bordered on three sides by the city of Durham and is roughly midway between the cities of Raleigh and Chapel Hill, and three major research universities of NC State University, Duke University, and UNC-Chapel Hill.
Effective June 6, 2003, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget redefined the Federal Statistical Areas and dismantled what had been for decades the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, MSA and split them into two separate MSAs. This resulted in the formation of the Raleigh-Cary, NC MSA and the Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA.
The Research Triangle region encompasses the U.S. Census Bureau's Combined Statistical Area (CSA) of Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill in the central Piedmont region of North Carolina. As of Census 2012 the population of the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill CSA was 1,998,808. The Raleigh-Cary Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) as of Census 2010 was 1,130,490.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Climate
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Public recreation
- 10 Honors and designations
- 11 Notable people
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Located in the Piedmont region of the eastern United States, Cary is near North Carolina's Research Triangle. It is edged on the north and east by Raleigh, on the north and west by Research Triangle Park and Morrisville, on the south by Apex and Holly Springs, and on the west by the Jordan Lake area. The topography of the town is hilly.
Cary is in the Humid Subtropical climate zone. It receives hot summers and mildly cold winters, with an average of 7 inches of snow a year. Temperature extremes here range from the negatives to over 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
Hurricanes and tropical storms can affect Cary, usually after weakening substantially from being over land. Some, such as Hurricane Fran in 1996, have caused great damage in the area. Nearly all of Cary is in western Wake County, with neighborhood-sized sections in the northeast corner of Chatham County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.5 square miles (112.6 km²). 42.1 square miles (109.0 km²) of it is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²) of it (3.17%) is water. More recent Cary records show that as of 2007 the town has a total area of 52.79 mi².
Today's Cary began in 1750 as a settlement called Bradford's Ordinary. About 100 years later, the construction of the North Carolina Railroad between New Bern and Hillsborough went through the town, linking Bradford's Ordinary to a major transportation route.
Allison Francis "Frank" Page is credited with founding the town. Page was a Wake County farmer and lumberman. He and his wife, Catherine "Kate" Raboteau Page bought 300 acres (1.2 km2) surrounding the railroad junction in 1854 and named his development Cary, after Samuel Fenton Cary (a former Ohio congressman and prohibitionist he admired). Page became a railroad agent and a town developer. He laid out the first streets in Cary and built a sawmill, a general store and a post office (Page became the first Postmaster). In 1868, Page built a hotel to serve railroad passengers coming through Cary. Cary was incorporated on April 6, 1871, with Page becoming the first mayor. In 1879, the Raleigh and Augusta Air-Line Railroad (later the Seaboard, now CSX Transportation) arrived in Cary from the southwest, creating Fetner Junction just north of downtown and spurring further growth.
In the early years Cary adopted zoning and other ordinances on an ad-hoc basis to control growth and give the town structure. Beginning in 1971, the town created Planned Unit Development (PUD) zoning to accommodate population growth related to the growth of Research Triangle Park nearby. A PUD allows a developer to plan an entire community before beginning development, thus allowing future residents to be aware of where churches, schools, commercial and industrial areas will be located well before such use begins. Kildaire Farms, a 967-acre (3.9 km2) Planned Unit Development in Cary, was North Carolina's first PUD. It was developed on the Pine State Dairy Farm by Thomas F. Adams, Jr. Adams named a section of Kildaire Farms "Farmington Woods" in their honor. The local government has placed a high value on creating an aesthetically pleasing town.
According to the 2010 Census, there were 135,234 people and 55,303 households in the town. The racial makeup of Cary was 73.1% White, 13.1% Asian, 8.0% African American, 7.7% Hispanics or Latino, 0.4% Native American, 0.0% Pacific Islander, and 2.6% were from two or more races.
The median household income for Cary as of 2011 was $110,609.
In terms of higher education, 68.0% of adult residents in Cary (ages 25 and older) hold an associate degree or higher, and 60.7% of adults possess a baccalaureate degree or higher. Cary has one of the lowest crime rates in the state for municipalities of its size. The home ownership rate (owner-occupied housing units to total units) is 72.8%.
In 2013, Cary moved up in the latest rankings of safe U.S. cities and is now considered the third-safest among municipalities with populations of 100,000 to 499,999 behind Amherst, N.Y., and Irvine, C.A. according to CQ Press, publisher of the annual “City Crime Rankings 2008-2009: Crime in Metropolitan America.”
Cary's reputation as a bedroom community for affluent transplants from outside the South has led to humorous backronyms for its name such as "Concentrated Area of Relocated Yankees." Data from the 2000 Census shows 29.2% of Cary residents are native to North Carolina. 55.2% were born in other states. Additionally, 15.6% of the town's population were born outside the United States.
Cary has a council-manager government; the mayor and council members serve a four-year term, with half of the council seats being up for election each odd-numbered year. Four of the six council seats are elected by district; the remaining two seats are at-large representatives.
The current town council consists of Mayor Harold Weinbrecht and Representatives Jennifer Robinson (District A), Don Frantz (District B), Jack W. Smith (District C), Gale Adcock (District D), Lori Bush (at-large), and Ed Yerha (at-large).
On October 9, 2007, Harold Weinbrecht defeated then-mayor Ernie McAlister in the Cary, North Carolina, mayoral election of 2007. Citizen concern over the effect rapid growth was having on the town, especially on roads, schools, and the environment, led to McAlister's ouster.
On December 26, 2009, The Nation published an article on secret prisons in the United States run by Immigration and Customs Enforcement where suspected illegal immigrants can be held indefinitely before deportation. It was alleged that at least one of these secret federal prisons is located in an office building in Cary. A part of the federal government’s Department of Homeland Security, ICE has leased an office in Cary off Evans Road for more than 10 years. This location does not house detainees overnight. Other than protesters picketing the facility, there have been no issues associated with the Cary ICE office.
- From 1871 to Present
Read left to right.
|A. F. Page||1871||J. H. Adams||1884||R. J. Harrison||1887||John Nugeer||1897|
|E. C. Hayes||1900||A.R. McGarrity||1902||R. J. Harrison||1903||H. B. Jordan||1903|
|N. C. Hines||1910||J. M. Templeton, Jr.||1912||G. S. Leacock||1914||T. H. Taylor||1916|
|W. G. Crowder||1916||E. P. Bradshaw||1921||W. H. Atkins||1921–25||G. H. Jordan||1925|
|E. P. Bradshaw||1925||Dr. F. R. Yarborough||1927–28||A. N. Jackson||1928–29||H. H. Waddell||1929–33|
|Dr. J. P. Hunter||1933–35||M. T. Jones||1935||T. W. Addicks||1935||L. L. Raines||1937–47|
|R. W. Mayton||1935–37||Robert G. Setzer||1947–49||H. Waldo Rood||1949–61||Dr. W. H. Justice||1961–62|
|James Hogarth||1962–63||Dr. E. B. Davis||1963–69||Joseph R. Veasey||1969–71||Fred G. Bond||1971–83|
|Harold D. Ritter||1983–87||Koka E. Booth||1987–1999||Glen Lang||1999–2003||Ernie McAlister||2003–2007|
|Climate data for Cary, North Carolina|
|Record high °F (°C)||80
|Average high °F (°C)||50
|Average low °F (°C)||30
|Record low °F (°C)||−9
|Precipitation inches (mm)||4.02
- 3Dsolve – Simulation software used in training by military, recently purchased by Lockheed Martin
- Cotton Incorporated – Industry trade-group.
- Caterpillar Inc – Building Construction Products (BCP) division.
- Deere & Company – Lawn care and turf products Manufacturing.
- Deutsche Bank Global Technologies – Support operations for Deutsche Bank AG.
- Dex One – Directory and mailing list publisher
- Epic Games – Video game developer
- IntelliScanner Corporation – Home and small business organization products
- LexisNexis – Legal/Government research, software and professional services
- Lord Corporation – Diversified technology company
- Oxford University Press – Global publishing company
- The Pantry – Convenience store
- Research In Motion – Makers of Blackberry smartphones.
- SAS Institute – Large software company and Cary's largest employer
- Western Wake Medical Center – Private hospital
- Siemens – Engineering, Energy and Healthcare
According to the Town's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|2||Cary Towne Center||2,540|
|5||Town of Cary||1,126|
|6||American Airlines Reservation Center||1,067|
|8||Charles River Laboratories||750|
|9||Deere & Company||400|
Cary public schools were established in the late 19th century and are now part of the Wake County Public School System, the largest public school system in North Carolina.
- High Schools
- Middle Schools
- Davis Drive Middle School
- East Cary Middle School
- Mills Park Middle School
- Reedy Creek Middle School
- West Cary Middle School
- Elementary Schools
- Adams Elementary School
- Alston Ridge Elementary School
- Briarcliff Elementary School
- Carpenter Elementary School
- Cary Elementary School
- Davis Drive Elementary School
- Farmington Woods Elementary School
- Green Hope Elementary School
- Highcroft Drive Elementary School
- Kingswood Elementary School
- Mills Park Elementary School
- Northwoods Elementary School
- Oak Grove Elementary School
- Penny Road Elementary School
- Reedy Creek Elementary School
- Turner Creek Elementary School
- Weatherstone Elementary School
- Cary Academy, private middle/high school
- Cary Christian School
- Grace Christian School
- Hopewell Academy
- Saint Michael the Archangel Catholic School
- Resurrection Lutheran School, K–8th grade
- Landmark Christian Academy, K3–10th grade
Public transit within the town is provided by C-Tran, with six fixed-routes. There is also a door-to-door service for the senior citizens (60+) and riders with disabilities. Triangle Transit operates fixed-route buses that serve the metropolitan region and connect to the local municipal transit systems in Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill.
The League of American Bicyclists has designated Cary one of the fourteen recipients of the first Bicycle-Friendly Community awards for "providing safe accommodation and facilities for bicyclists and encouraging residents to bike for transportation and recreation".
Cary Greenways and Trails maintains a network of sidewalks and paved trails connecting neighborhoods and parks throughout the town. These greenways place strict requirements on environmental conditions to preserve a park-like atmosphere. In addition, standard sidewalks and paths exist throughout the town.
The Raleigh-Durham International Airport, located north of Cary via Interstate 40 between Cary, Raleigh and Durham, serves Cary and the greater Research Triangle metropolitan region. Raleigh-Durham offers more than 35 destinations, serving approximately 9 million passengers per year.
Freeways and primary routes
- Interstate 40
- U.S. 1
- US 64
- State Highway 54
- State Highway 55
- State Highway 540
- Cary Parkway
- Kildaire Farm Road
- Walnut Street (which appears on some maps as Cary-Macedonia Road)
- High House Road
- Harrison Avenue
- Maynard Road Loop
- Davis Drive (links to Research Triangle Park)
- Holly Springs Road
- Koka Booth Amphitheatre at Regency Park
- Page-Walker Hotel
- WakeMed Soccer Park, where the Carolina RailHawks play.
- William B. Umstead State Park
- USA Baseball National Training Complex
- Thomas Brooks Park
- Sk8 Cary Skate Park
- Fred G. Bond Metropolitan Park
- Hemlock Bluffs Nature Preserve
- MacDonald Woods Park
- Cary Tennis Park
- Kildare Farms Racquet & Swim Club
- Anne L. Jones Park
- Robert V. Godbold Park
- Middle Creek School Park
- R. S. Dunham Park
- Lazy Daze Arts & Crafts Festival
- Spring Daze Arts & Crafts Festival
- Cary Diwali Celebration - Festival of Light
- Ritmo Latino Music, Art and Dance Festival
- NC Eid Festival
- Cary Band Day
- 2010 NCAA Division I Women's Soccer College Cup
- 2010 NCAA Division II Baseball Championship
- 2011 NCAA Division III Men’s and Women’s Cross Country Championships
- 2012 NCAA Division III Men’s and Women’s Tennis Championships
- Home to the Carolina Railhawks of the North American Soccer League
Honors and designations
- Money Magazine Best Place to Live #5 in the Nation
- Cary is also home of the USAB National Training Complex
- Jesse Boulerice – former National Hockey League player
- Marshall Brain – founder of the HowStuffWorks website
- Bobby Clampett – former professional golfer and broadcaster
- James Goodnight – co-founder and CEO of SAS Institute
- Walter Hines Page – former United States ambassador to the United Kingdom
- Bevin Prince – actress from One Tree Hill
- John Sall – co-founder of SAS Institute
- Aaron Ward – former National Hockey League player
- Glen Wesley – former National Hockey League player
- Kay Yow – former head coach of the women's basketball team at North Carolina State University
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Subcounty population estimates: North Carolina 2000–2009" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2010-06-22. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
- New Orleans Population Continues Katrina Recovery; Houston Leads in Numerical Growth, U.S. Census Bureau News, 2008-07-10
- "Population Estimates 2012 Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- "About Cary". Cary, North Carolina. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- "Town of Cary Municipal Limits within Chatam County". Chatham County Planning Department.
- "Looking Back". Cary, North Carolina. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- U.S. Decennial Census
- Bourne, Joel. "Suburbia Unbound". National Geographic. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- "America's most unusual planned communities". CNN Money. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "Money Magazine Article - Part 2". Cary Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2010-05-23.[dead link]
- Carlson, Kelcey (2007-10-09). "Town of CaryWeinbrecht Wins Upset in Cary Mayoral Race". WRAL News (Capitol Broadcasting Company). Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Stevens, Jacqueline (2009-12-16). "America's Secret ICE Castles". The Nation (Katrina vanden Heuvel). Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- Cary History: Frank Page, CaryCitizen, April 22, 2010.
- Profile: Former Cary Mayor Koka Booth, CaryCitizen, June 30, 2010.
- Weather Channel. "Cary, NC Weather". Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- Town of Cary CAFR[dead link]
- "Greenways". Cary, North Carolina. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Cary Parks: Sk8 Cary Skate Park, Cary, North Caroline. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Cary Parks: MacDonald Woods, CaryCitizen, November 3, 2010.
- "Prestonwood Country Club". Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- "MacGregor Downs Country Club in Cary, NC". Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- "All About Lazy Daze". Cary Citizen.
- NC Eid Festival
- "Best Places to Live". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- "USAB National Training Complex". USA Baseball. 2010-03-22. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
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