Cary T. Grayson
|Cary Travers Grayson|
Cary Travers Grayson, 1920
11 October 1878|
Salubria Estate, Culpeper County, Virginia
|Died||15 February 1938
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1904-1928|
|Awards||National Order of the Legion of Honor, Navy Cross|
|Other work||Chairman of the American Red Cross, Racehorse owner/breeder|
Admiral Cary Travers Grayson (October 11, 1878 - February 15, 1938) was a surgeon in the United States Navy who served a variety of roles from personal aide to President Woodrow Wilson to chairman of the American Red Cross.
Grayson was born to Dr. John Cooke Grayson (a descendant of American George Mason, one of the American Founding Fathers) and Frances Adelena Pettus at Salubria, the Grayson family estate, in Culpeper County, Virginia. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a bachelor's degree from the College of William and Mary in 1898. He studied for three years at the Medical College of Richmond before leaving to attend the University of the South. After a year there, he received his M.D. and as well as his Doctor of Pharmacy. He interned for a year at Columbia Hospital for Women in Washington, D.C.
After completing his medical studies, he was appointed Acting Assistant Surgeon on July 14, 1903. He served at the U.S. Navy Hospital in Washington, D.C., continuing to study at U.S. Navy Medical School (from which he graduated in 1904). He received a second M.D. from the Medical College of Virginia in 1904. His studies complete, for two and a half years he served aboard the USS Maryland while it was deployed overseas. In 1907, he was assigned to the Navy's Bureau of Medicine and Surgery and appointed Naval surgeon aboard the Mayflower, the presidential yacht of President Theodore Roosevelt. He continued in this role for the entire William Howard Taft administration.
While attending a dinner party in March 1913, he attended to President Woodrow Wilson's injured sister and quickly became a close confidante of the new President. In 1915, after the death of Wilson's first wife, Grayson introduced Wilson to his soon-to-be second wife, Edith Bolling Galt. Grayson's close personal relationship with Woodrow Wilson led to his commission as a Rear Admiral on August 29, 1916. "This rapid promotion of Dr. Grayson from Passed Assistant Surgeon with the rank of Lieutenant to Medical Director with the rank of Rear Admiral was unprecedented and was due to his position as White House Physician." Grayson resided in the White House, and lived with Wilson while he attended peace talks in Paris in 1919.
Grayson was involved in the conspiracy to hide the severity of Woodrow Wilson's October 1919 stroke from members of the government and from the public. Some historians have strongly criticized Grayson's actions, while others have supported them. "While one might excuse Mrs. Wilson's actions on the grounds of wifely loyalty, Grayson's behavior during these days exceeded the bounds of physician responsibility. Grayson was using the office of the president of the United States as therapy of his patient." More of Grayson's documents were recently donated by his family to the Woodrow Wilson Library which have shed more light on the events that took place.
After Wilson left office in 1921, the Navy assigned Grayson to the U.S. Naval Dispensary, so he could continue to see to Wilson's health.
Before transferring to the Retired List on December 20, 1928, Admiral Grayson received the Navy Cross for exceptionally meritorious service as aide and physician to President Wilson. He was also made Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honor by the French government. Admiral Grayson was chair of the inaugural committee for Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 and 1937, and served as chairman of the American Red Cross from 1935 until his death in 1938.
Grayson married the former Alice Gertrude Gordon on May 24, 1916, and the couple had three children: James Gordon Grayson; Cary Travers Grayson, Jr.; and William Cabell Grayson. The couple lived at Highlands, a large home on Wisconsin Avenue NW that is now the administration building for Sidwell Friends School. The property consisted of what is now the Sidwell Friends School, Hearst Elementary School, and Fannie Mae.
Blue Ridge Farm
An avid horseman involved in the sport of Thoroughbred horse racing, in 1928 Grayson purchased Blue Ridge Farm, a horse breeding operation in Upperville, Virginia. Among his successful horses, Fluvanna was voted the retrospective American Champion Two-Year-Old Filly. In the year of his death, he bred the mare On Hand to Kentucky Derby winner Brokers Tip to produce Market Wise. The colt went on to become a multiple stakes winner and the 1943 U.S. Co-champion Handicap Horse.
Blue Ridge Farm remains in the hands of the Grayson family and has been listed in the United States' National Register of Historic Places.
- Cabell, Randolph Wall. 20th Century Cabells and Their Kin. Franklin, N.C.: Genealogy Publishing Service, 1993.
- Wright, Willard Hull. 40 Years of Tropical Medicine Research: A History of the Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine, Inc. and the Gorgas Memorial Laboratory. Baltimore: Reeves Press, 1970.
- Grimmett, Richard F. St. John's Church, Lafayette Square: The History and Heritage of the Church of the Presidents, Washington, DC. Washington, D.C.: Hillcrest Publishing Group, 2009. ISBN 1-934248-53-3
- Levin, Phyllis Lee. Edith and Woodrow: The Wilson White House. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001. ISBN 0-7432-1158-8
- Ferrell, Robert H. The Dying President: Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1944-1945. Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8262-1171-2
- Deppisch, Ludwig M. The White House Physician: A History From Washington to George W. Bush. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2007. ISBN 0-7864-2976-3
- Ferrell, Robert H. Ill-Advised: Presidential Health and Public Trust. Reprint ed. Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press, 1996. ISBN 0-8262-1065-1
- Braisted, William C. and Bell, William Hemphill. The Life Story of Presley Marion Rixey, Surgeon General, U.S. Navy 1902-1910: Biography and Autobiography. Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1930. Republished by Kessinger Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-4286-5334-1. p. 390.
- Crispell, Kenneth R. and Gomez, Carlos F. Hidden Illness in the White House. 2d ed. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-8223-0839-8 p. 72.
- Chandler, Michael Alison. "A President's Illness Kept Under Wraps." Washington Post. February 3, 2007. Accessed 2012-01-04.
- Caperton, Helena Lefroy. The Social Record of Virginia. Richmond, Va.: The Social Record of Virginia, 1937.
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|Non-profit organization positions|
John Barton Payne
|Chairman of the
International League of
Red Cross Societies