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Caryocar nuciferum - Lemaire.JPG
Pekea-nut (Caryocar nuciferum) parts drawing
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Caryocaraceae
Genus: Caryocar
F.Allam. ex L.

15, see text

Caryocar (souari trees) is a genus of flowering plants, in the South American family Caryocaraceae. There are 15 species in this genus, all trees that yield a strong timber. Eight species within the genus Caryocar have edible fruits, called souari-nuts or sawarri-nuts.[1] The most well-known species is probably the Pekea-nut (C. nuciferum). In Brazil the Pequi (C. brasiliense) is most popular; it has a variety of uses, not the least among them being the production of pequi oil. Furthermore, some species are used by indigenous peoples to produce poisons for hunting.



  1. ^ Hoehne (1946)


  • Hoehne, F.C. (1946). Frutas Indígenas [in Portuguese]. Instituto de Botânica da Secretaria de Agricultura, Indústria e Comércio de São Paulo.