Casa-Grande & Senzala
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Portuguese Wikipedia. (January 2014)|
Published in 1933, Casa-Grande e Senzala (English: The Masters and the Slaves) is a book by Gilberto Freyre, about the formation of Brazilian society. The "Casa-Grande" ("big house") refers to the slave owner residences on sugar plantations, where whole towns were owned and managed by one man. The "senzala" ("slave quarters") refers to the dwelling of the black working class, where they originally worked as slaves, and later as servants.   
In Freyre's opinion, the hierarchy imposed by those in the Casa-Grande was an expression of a patriarchal society. In this book the author refutes the idea that Brazilians were an "inferior race" because of race-mixing. He points to the positive elements that permeate Brazilian cultural formation because of miscegenation (especially between the Portuguese, Indians, and Africans).
The book deals with race/class separation and miscegenation and is generally considered a classic of modern cultural anthropology.
- Barickman, B. J. "Revisiting the Casa-grande: Plantation and Cane-Farming Households in Early Nineteenth-Century Bahia". muse.jhu.edu. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "The Masters and the Slaves [Casa-Grande & Senzala]: A Study ...". jstor.org. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Veracini, Lorenzo. "A. Isfahani-Hammond: White Negritude". h-net.org. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Lehmann, David. "GILBERTO FREYRE". connection.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 31 January 2014.