CasaPound

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CasaPound Italy
Leader Gianluca Iannone
Founded 26 December 2003
Ideology Italian nationalism
Neo-Fascism
Political position Third Position
International affiliation None
Colors Black and Red
Website
www.casapounditalia.org
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

CasaPound is a social center of fascist inspiration founded in Rome on 26 December 2003 with the squatting of a state-owned building in the neighbourhood of Esquilino in Rome. In 2010, 23 families and a total of 82 people lived in CasaPound.[1]

Subsequently, the phenomenon is spreading with other squatting, demonstrations and various initiatives, becoming a political movement. In June 2008 CasaPound therefore constituted an "association of social promotion" and assumed the current name CasaPound Italy – CPI.

Because of the explicit reference to the ideology and history of fascism, CasaPound has been the subject of much criticism and protests.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Before 2006 CasaPound was associated with Tricolour Flame[citation needed] but now has its own movement, CasaPound Italy, extending all over Italy with many social centers.

While not officially recognizing the classic definitions of right and left,[2] CPI is commonly placed in the view of the political groups and movements of the Italian radical right.

In 2011 it was estimated than CasaPound Italy had 5,000 members.[3]

Ideology[edit]

One feature of this movement, according to sociologist Emanuele Toscano, is to present "a different interpretation of fascism aimed at overcoming the dichotomy of right-left".[4]

The name, inspired by the poet Ezra Pound, in particular, refers to his Cantos against usury, criticisms of the economic positions of both capitalism and Marxism, and its membership of the Italian Social Republic. It also gives particular attention to the Manifesto of Verona, the Labour Charter of 1927 and social legislation of Fascism itself.[citation needed] The symbol is a stylized turtle with an octagonal shell

Activities[edit]

CasaPound rally in Naples.

The social center has its own musical band, Zetazeroalfa, an association of civil protection and promotes sports (hiking, parachuting, diving and other disciplines), union activities, and recreational activities, including a theater company, web radio, web television and a monthly magazine.

CasaPound has promoted initiatives outside the Italian territory through its non-profit organization Solidarité Identités.[5] The activities of the movement have been the subject of attention by some foreign media.[6][7][8]

From the period of activity of the first social center then were organized and cultural meetings with several guests, including writer Nicolai Lilin,[9] the LGBT deputy Paola Concia,[10] an ex-Red Brigades Valerio Morucci,[11] and the Chinese community.[12]

The main CasaPound political proposal is the so-called Mutuo Sociale (Social Mortgage),[13] as a response to the problem of the housing which, according to official data, involving approximately 23,000 households throughout Italy. In October 2011, the Lazio Region officially approves it within the "House Plan".[14]

Starting with the 2011 elections CasaPound presented their candidates in local elections in civic lists or center-right and succeeded in electing its representatives.[15] At regional and national elections of 2013 CasaPound Italy announced that it will present its civic lists throughout Italy.

Youth Wing[edit]

Logo of Blocco Studentesco, the youth wing of CasaPound.

In 2006, the movement that arose around the first community center was endowed with its student organization, under the name Students' Block. Students' Block (Italian: Blocco Studentesco, is the youth wing of CasaPound.[16] Presently Francesco Polacchi is the General Secretary of Students' Block.

Questions have been submitted by parliamentarians of the Democratic Party (Italy) about fascist propaganda and the violence of the student movement.[17]

International meetings[edit]

Over the years the leaders of CasaPound Italy were invited to explain his “political model” in many of the major European capitals (Paris, Madrid, London, Lisbon, Brussels)[18] and has been the subject of some reports by foreign media.[6][7]

In 2011 also the Finnish Resistance Movement invited members of CasaPound to a seminar in Helsinki.[19] This shows an ability of the European nationalists to organize beyond ideological differences. The Finnish Resistance Movement represents national socialism.[20] The Finnish Security Intelligence Service researched the connections of Finnish Resistance Movement to CasaPound after the Gianluca Casseri shootings.[21]

Symbolic figures[edit]

Having adopted Ezra Pound as a symbol of the movement has caused controversy with the daughter of the American poet, Mary de Rachewiltz, who experienced a distortion of the meaning of the work of Ezra Pound speaking openly of a "misappropriation" the image of her father.[22]

They have also caused controversy with their celebrations of some characters from the world of culture and politics such as Che Guevara and Bobby Sands who are not usually associated with the extreme right.[citation needed]

Violence[edit]

Over the years CasaPound found itself at the center of several episodes of violence, both as a party and as the injured party. There are numerous attacks that groups, political parties and the left claim to have suffered by members of CasaPound. The founder and president of Gianluca Iannone in 2009 was sentenced to four years for first degree assault on a police officer in plain clothes during a fight April 25, 2004. For its part, the association reported numerous attacks on militants CasaPound Italy and Student Block, as well as attacks on their homes and occupations by militants of various left-wing groups. CasaPound Italy has also presented hundreds of lawsuits for slander and defamation received in the press.[citation needed]

Numerous disputes have occurred at the opening of homes of the movement in various cities of Italy by left-wing political parties and antifascist groups.[citation needed]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Italian) Mario Bernardi Guardi, "Sono fascisti i ragazzi di Casa Pound e del Blocco Studentesco? È da qualche anno che politici, giornalisti, sociologi si pongono la domanda ed è da qualche anno che non riescono a dare e a darsi una risposta convincente," Il Tempo (22/10/2010). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  2. ^ (Italian) "Manifesto dell’Estremocentroalto" (18 October 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  3. ^ Tom Kington, "Italy's fascists stay true to Mussolini's ideology,"The Guardian (6 November 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  4. ^ Emanuele Toscano & Daniele Di Nunzio "Can We Still Speak about Extreme Right Movements? Casapound in Italy between Community and Subjectivation Drives," XVII World Congress of Sociology (14 July 2010). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  5. ^ http://www.solidarite-identites.org/
  6. ^ a b (German) Giulia Basile, "Mussolinis Enkel. "Casa Pounds" rechte Jugendzentren in Italien," 3sat.de (07.03.2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  7. ^ a b "Italian far right get boost amidst country's economic troubles," RT (March 07, 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  8. ^ Муссолини вместо Берлускони?
  9. ^ (Italian) Spadaccino Maria Rosaria, "Nicolai Lilin: «Andare a CasaPound è un dovere»," Corriere della Sera (10 September 2009). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  10. ^ http://www.altroquotidiano.it/?p=13651
  11. ^ (Italian) "Morucci a Casapound: folla lo applaude, nemici ma senza discriminazione," L'Unita (6 February 2009). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  12. ^ (Italian) Ilaria Misantoni, "CasaPound incontra la comunità cinese," (20 December 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  13. ^ (Italian) Mutuo Sociale
  14. ^ http://www.regione.lazio.it/consiglioweb/dettaglio_comunicati.php?vms=172&vmf=&id=2165[dead link]
  15. ^ (Italian) " Amministrative: CasaPound, Cinque Consiglieri Eletti," agenparl.it (19 May 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  16. ^ CasaPound and the new radical right in Italy
  17. ^ (Italian) Giuseppe Berretta, "Interrogazione Parlamentare PD contro il Blocco Studentesco" (21 April 2010).
  18. ^ (Italian) "CasaPound Italia: in 1.500 alla festa nazionale" (21 September 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  19. ^ "City of Helsinki rented space to neo-Nazi group," YLE News (31.10.2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  20. ^ (Finnish) Mikael Brunila, "Ei ole yhtä äärioikeistoa - keitä Suomen vastarintaliike kutsui Helsinkiin?," Suomen Kuvalehti (21.10.2011; uptaded: 29.11.2013). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  21. ^ "Supo looks into possible Finnish connection to Florence shooter," YLE (15.12.2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  22. ^ Tom Kingtom, "Ezra Pound's daughter fights to wrest the renegade poet's legacy from fascists," The Observer (14 January 2012). Retrieved 14-12-2013.