Kigicapigiak had been a Mi'kmaq summer coastal community prior to European settlement. Grande-Cascapédia was formed in the mid 19th century. Named after the adjacent river, originally called Cascapédiac, this name is from the Mi'kmaq words kaska (broad) and pegiag (river). In 1860, the local parish was established that 3 years later counted some 1500 inhabitants, and in 1883, its post office opened. In 1929, the place was incorporated as a municipality.
Saint-Jules was founded as a mission in 1899, and became a parish only 2 years later. It was named after Pope Julius I, and also called Saint-Jules-de-Maria (1922-1950) or Saint-Jules-de-Cascapédia to distinguish it from Saint-Jules in the Beauce region. Its post office opened in 1922. In 1949, the place was incorporated as a separate municipality out of the Township Municipality of Maria.