Case–Church Amendment

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Case-Church Amendment
Great Seal of the United States.
Other short title(s) Case-Church Amendment of 1973
Long title A joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1974, and for other purposes.
Enacted by the  93rd United States Congress
Effective July 1, 1973
Citations
Public Law 93-52
Stat. 87 Stat. 130
Codification
Title(s) amended 22 U.S.C.: Foreign Relations and Intercourse
U.S.C. section(s) amended 22 U.S.C. ch. 32 §§ 2151, 2751
Legislative history

The Case–Church Amendment was legislation approved by the U.S. Congress in June 1973 that prohibited further U.S. military activity in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia unless the president secured Congressional approval in advance. This ended direct U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War, although the U.S. continued to provide military equipment and economic support to the South Vietnamese government. It is named for its principal co-sponsors, Senators Clifford P. Case (R-NJ) and Frank Church (D-ID). The Amendment was defeated 48-42 in the U.S. Senate in August 1972, but revived after the 1972 election. It was reintroduced on January 26, 1973 and approved by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on May 13.[1] When it became apparent that the Amendment would pass, President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger,[2] lobbied frantically to have the deadline extended.[3] It passed the United States Congress with bipartisan support in June by a margin of 325-86 in the House, and 73-16 in the Senate.[4][5] Both of these margins were greater than the two-thirds majority required to override a presidential veto.[4] Although U.S. ground forces had been withdrawn earlier under a policy called Vietnamization, bombing continued until August 15, 1973, the deadline set by the Amendment.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bresler, Jon, "A Precedent for Cutting Funding and Ending the War in Iraq"
  2. ^ Prados, John. Vietnam: The History of an Unwinnable War, 1945-1975. University Press of Kansas, 2009, p. 529.
  3. ^ Karnow, Stanley Vietnam: A History, p. 671. (1991).
  4. ^ a b "The Vietnam War The Bitter End 1969 - 1975 (timeline)". The history place. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  5. ^ Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Richard Nixon: "Statement on Signing the Second Supplemental and Continuing Appropriations Bills.," July 1, 1973". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved October 16, 2013.