Casey Bill Weldon

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Casey Bill Weldon
Birth name William Weldon
Born (1909-12-10)December 10, 1909
Pine Bluff, Arkansas, United States
Died circa 1970 ?
Genres Country blues[1]
Instruments Vocals, slide guitar
Labels Vocalion, Bluebird
Notable instruments
Slide Guitar

William Casey Bill Weldon (December 10, 1909 – circa 1970?) was an American country blues musician,[1] born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas who later lived and worked in Chicago was known as one of the great early pioneers of the slide guitar.[2] He played upbeat, hokum and country blues tunes. Playing a National steel guitar flat on his lap Hawaiian style, "Casey Bill" Weldon was known as the "Hawaiian Guitar Wizard". He was married to singer and guitarist Memphis Minnie in the '20s. Only recently it has been widely accepted that Casey Bill Weldon is not the same musician as "Will Weldon" who recorded in 1927/28 as a member of the Memphis Jug Band.[3][4]

Weldon cut over 60 sides for Bluebird and Vocalion. He was also an active session guitarist appearing on records by Teddy Darby, Bumble Bee Slim, Peetie Wheatstraw, and Memphis Minnie. On Memphis Minnie's last recording for Bluebird Records in October 1935, Weldon accompanied her for the first time. He played on two sides, "When the Sun Goes Down, Part 2" and "Hustlin' Woman Blues." [5] He scored solo hits with his two most well known songs, "Somebody Changed the Lock on My Door" and "We Gonna Move (to the Outskirts of Town)."

Considering the fact that most slide guitarists of the era went unrecorded, Weldon maintains a healthy amount of recorded material for aficionados to appreciate.

After his divorce from Memphis Minnie, he married blues singer Geeshie Wiley. They disappeared from the public eye soon after and he stopped recording by 1938. His date of death is unknown, though assumed to be sometime in the 1960s.[6]


He played a National steel guitar flat on his lap Hawaiian style. His slide guitar solos were emotional and unique. His style of playing was highly influential on the emerging Chicago Blues style.[2]


  1. ^ a b Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-904041-96-5. 
  2. ^ a b Top Ten Slide Blues Recordings (Retrieved October 21, 2006)
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Garon, Paul and Beth (1992). Woman With Guitar:Memphis Minnie's Blues. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-306-80460-3. 
  6. ^ Casey Bill Weldon - Biography (Retrieved October 10, 2006)

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