Cash–Karp method

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In numerical analysis, the Cash–Karp method is a method for solving ordinary differential equations (ODEs). It was proposed by Professor Jeff R. Cash [1] from Imperial College London and Alan H. Karp from IBM Scientific Center. The method is a member of the Runge–Kutta family of ODE solvers. More specifically, it uses six function evaluations to calculate fourth- and fifth-order accurate solutions. The difference between these solutions is then taken to be the error of the (fourth order) solution. This error estimate is very convenient for adaptive stepsize integration algorithms. Other similar integration methods are Fehlberg (RKF) and Dormand–Prince (RKDP).

The Butcher tableau is:

0
1/5 1/5
3/10 3/40 9/40
3/5 3/10 −9/10 6/5
1 −11/54 5/2 −70/27 35/27
7/8 1631/55296 175/512 575/13824 44275/110592 253/4096
37/378 0 250/621 125/594 0 512/1771
2825/27648 0 18575/48384 13525/55296 277/14336 1/4

The first row of b coefficients gives the fifth-order accurate solution, and the second row gives the fourth order solution.

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