|• Mayor||Eduardo Rosconi (Justicialist Party)|
|• Total||384 km2 (148 sq mi)|
|• Density||83/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||ART (UTC-3)|
|Dialing code||+54 3464|
Casilda is a city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It is the head town of the Caseros Department, and lies about 45 km (28 mi) west of Rosario and 202 km south-southwest of the provincial capital Santa Fe, on National Route 33. It has a population of about 32,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]).
Casilda began as an agricultural colony, created in 1870 by the Spanish merchant and banker Carlos Casado del Alisal, on land acquired from the ranch Los Desmochados. Casado del Alisal named it Colonia Candelaria (Candelaria was a stop on the way from Rosario to Mendoza). On 11 November 1873 the colony officially became a town, named Villa Casilda after Casado del Alisal's mother.
Casilda produced the first Argentine shipment of wheat to the European market. In 1883 the railway Ferrocarril Oeste Santafesino reached the town, prompting an accelerated growth and bringing prosperity. Casilda became a city on 19 November 1907.
The economy of the area is based on agriculture, especially soybean, wheat and corn; cattle farming has been largely displaced to less fertile lands and feed lots by the advance of these crops. Casilda also has flour mills, fertilizer factories, and many other industries, usually in the form of small and medium enterprises or cooperatives. In addition, Casilda produces honey and has received the title of Provincial Capital of Honey.
- Enrique Fisman, cardiologist, university professor, researcher, cofounder of the scientific journal Cardiovascular Diabetology
- Horacio Pagani, automobile designer
- Agustin Magaldi, tango singer
- Marcelo Trobbiani, footballer.
- Emmanuel Villa, footballer.
- Jorge Sampaoli, football coach
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Casilda.|
- Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
- Inforama — Municipal information at the official website of the Santa Fe provincial government.