Casimir IV, Duke of Pomerania

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For the duke of Pomerania-Stettin also occasionally counted as Casimir IV, see Casimir III, Duke of Pomerania
Casimir IV, Duke of Pomerania
Kaźko IV Słupski seal 1373.PNG
Seal of Casimir, reading "Kasimir, Dei Gra(tia) Dux Stetinensis, Dobrin, Pomoranie, Slavie, Casubie, Pr(inceps) in Rugie"
Spouse(s) Kenna of Lithuania
Margaret of Masovia
Noble family House of Griffins
Father Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania
Mother Elizabeth of Poland
Born 1351
Died 2 January 1377(1377-01-02)

Casimir IV (Polish: Kazimierz IV or Kaźko Słupski,[1] German: Kasimir IV[2] or Kasimir V [3] ) (1351 – January 2, 1377) was a duke of Pomerania in Pomerania-Stolp since 1374.

Life[edit]

Casimir was the son of Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania and Elizabeth of Poland. His maternal grandfather Casimir III the Great, the last king of Poland from the Piast dynasty, had no sons and brought him up at his court. After grandfather's death in 1370, young Casimir initially became his partial successor, as the last will gave him lands of Dobrzyń, Bydgoszcz, Kruszwica, Złotów and Wałcz as fiefs. Yet, his ambitions were soon thwarted by Louis I of Hungary, who became the next king of Poland on the ground of earlier pacts, and nullified the Piast's last will. Duke Casimir only held the land of Dobrzyń as a temporary fief.[4]

In 1360, Casimir married his first wife Kenna of Lithuania. She was a daughter of Algirdas and Uliana Alexandrovna of Tver, raised in the Eastern Orthodox faith. With her marriage, she joined the Roman Catholic Church and was baptised again under the name "Johanna". She died on 27 April 1368, leaving no children.

After a year, Casimir IV married his second wife Margaret of Masovia. She was a daughter of Siemowit III of Masovia and his first wife Euphemia of Opava. They had no children, too. After the death of Casimir, she married Henry VIII, Duke of Lubin and Brzeg.

Although after the death of his grandfather Bogislaw V in 1374 Casimir IV stayed several times in Pomerania-Stolp, most of the time he spent in Bydgoszcz; with his death in 1377 his fiefs fell back to Poland.[5]

Ancestors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historical dictionary of Poland, pp. 250, ISBN 0-313-26007-9
  2. ^ Hartmut Boockmann, Die Anfänge der ständischen Vertretungen in Preussen und seinen Nachbarländern, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 1992, p.132, ISBN 3-486-55840-4 [1]
  3. ^ Martin Wehrmann, Geschichte von Pommern, Verlag Friedrich Andreas Perthes, Gotha 1904 / Augsburg 1992, ISBN 3-89350-112-6, p.168
  4. ^ Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.154-158, ISBN 3-88680-272-8
  5. ^ Hans Braning: Geschichte Pommerns. Vol. I, Böhlau, Cologne 1987, p. 19 (in German).

External links[edit]

Casimir IV, Duke of Pomerania
Born: 1351 Died: 2 January 1377
Preceded by
Bogislaw V
Duke of Pomerania-Stolp
1374-1377
Succeeded by
Wartislaw VII