These first keyboards used a sound synthesis technique known as Vowel-Consonant synthesis to approximate the sounds of other instruments (albeit not very accurately). Most Casiotone keyboards were small, with miniature keys designed for children's fingers, and were not intended for use by professional musicians; they usually contained a rhythm generator, with several user-selectable rhythm patterns, and often the means to automatically play accompaniments. While the name "Casiotone" disappeared from Casio's new keyboard catalog when more accurate synthesis technologies became prevalent, their low cost and abundance made them fairly common fixtures in garage rock bands.
Old Casiotone keyboards came in three distinct families, separated by the method of synthesis.
- Keyboards such as the CT-202 use Vowel-Consonant synthesis. The later model of this family, the MT-65, is one of the more well known and sought after models, as it also contains auto-accompaniment drum beats and bass lines.
- Some other keyboards (such as the MT-35 and MT-45) use a combination of two different binary weighted numbers (1 and 64). The larger weight bit provides the fundamental, and the smaller weight bit provides the harmonic complexity.
The later, more professional range of keyboards, the CZ series, used phase distortion synthesis, which is mathematically almost identical to Yamaha's frequency modulation synthesis, although implemented slightly differently to avoid patent infringement.
After the release of famous Casio SK-1 in 1985, gradually PCM sample based tone generator became dominant in Casio keyboards line. After the 1990s, most Casio keyboards utilize PCM tone generator or its variants.
Some early 1980s models in the PT series of keyboards, such as the PT-30, PT-50, PT-80 and PT-82, were not marketed under the Casiotone name. The name was revived again later for models such as the PT-87 (which is basically the same as the PT-82) which was again sold as Casiotone.
Some models sold from 1983 onwards included a cartridge bay to accept Casio ROM Packs which contained sheet music in a digital format. The keyboards could play the notes automatically, or (with the exception of the PT-50) illuminate LEDs above each key to teach the user how to play the song. Most keyboards came with one ROM Pack as standard, but a large number of additional packs, covering a wide range of musical genres, were available to purchase separately. The last ROM Pack model was the CT-840, which came out in 1990.
Casio DH-800 Digital Horn
References in popular culture
- Musicians and bands known to use Casiotone keyboards include: Alexis Taylor of Hot Chip, Dan Deacon, Lettie, Maurizio Arcieri of Krisma, Kevin Parker of Tame Impala, Turnstyle, and Hedluv.
- Electronic band Casiotone for the Painfully Alone are named after Casiotone keyboards.
- In the song "Casiotone Nation" by the band Soul Coughing on their album Ruby Vroom, lead singer Mike Doughty repeats the line, "The 5% nation of Casiotone" along with mentioning other "5% nations" of fringe interests such as Pay-Per-View, nipple clamp, corduroy and many others.
- In the film 13 Going on 30, Matt wants to play a song for Jenna on his Casio keyboard.
- Mad TV referenced Casiotone by making a skit in which a cheap movie was made, music done with a Casiotone keyboard.
- Casio Rap is the name of the genre championed by UK rappers Hedluv + Passman, where honest raps are laid over homemade Casio beats.
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