Casmalia, California

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Casmalia
census-designated place
Casmalia is located in California
Casmalia
Casmalia
Position in California.
Coordinates: 34°50′15″N 120°31′52″W / 34.83750°N 120.53111°W / 34.83750; -120.53111Coordinates: 34°50′15″N 120°31′52″W / 34.83750°N 120.53111°W / 34.83750; -120.53111
Country  United States
State  California
County Santa Barbara
Area[1]
 • Total 0.188 sq mi (0.488 km2)
 • Land 0.188 sq mi (0.488 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2] 276 ft (84 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 138
 • Density 730/sq mi (280/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 93429
Area code(s) 805
GNIS feature ID 2582965
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Casmalia, California

Casmalia (Chumash: Kasma'li, "The Last" [3]) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Barbara County, California located just outside the borders of Vandenberg Air Force Base about 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of Santa Maria. The ZIP Code is 93429, and the community is inside area code 805. The population was 138 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Casmalia is located on the 1840 Mexican land grant, Rancho Casmalia. The formal town was founded by Antonio Tognazzini in the mid-1890s and was then named Someo, after the village of origin of the Tognazzini family, Someo, Switzerland.[4] When the post office was opened, however, it was named Casmalia, rather than Someo, because of a name conflict with another California town and the name, Someo, was eventually dropped.

The new railroad town soon swelled to more than 1500 people in its early years. 100 years later, that population had shrunk to less than 200 because of the Casmalia Resources Hazardous Waste Management Facility. During the heyday of the Casmalia Oil Field, the present town served as the red light district for the Union Oil Company workers who lived in the nearby Casmalia Hills.[5]

1.2 miles (1.9 km) north of the town, this 252-acre (1.02 km2) hazardous waste landfill began operating in 1973 and accepted toxic chemicals like PCBs, motor oil, and pesticides. In 1989, the facility was closed down following a number of permit violations. In 1992, it was taken over by the federal Environmental Protection Agency, which began the process of cleaning up and administering the site.[6]

The soil and groundwater at the site were found to be significantly contaminated and the former dump became a Superfund site. During its operation, 4.5 billion pounds of hazardous waste from up to 10,000 individuals, businesses and government agencies were buried at the site.[7]

The public area of the hotel built by Antonio Tognazzini and operated by Frank A. Vandoit more than 100 years ago still exists, although the guest rooms were torn down in 1944. The building is now occupied by The Hitching Post barbecue restaurant. (Santa Maria Valley barbecue is quite different from Midwest and Back East barbecue and typically consists of large hunks of steak cooked over hard wood or coals without any kind of sauce.)

The superfund site still continues to be worked on over the hill, but the town has been able to return to reasonable normality.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Casmalia has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Casmalia had a population of 138. The population density was 732.2 people per square mile (282.7/km²). The racial makeup of Casmalia was 91 (65.9%) White, 3 (2.2%) African American, 0 (0.0%) Native American, 1 (0.7%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 30 (21.7%) from other races, and 13 (9.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 58 persons (42.0%).

The Census reported that 138 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 57 households, out of which 16 (28.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 20 (35.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 8 (14.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 4 (7.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 7 (12.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships. 21 households (36.8%) were made up of individuals and 12 (21.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42. There were 32 families (56.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.16.

The population was spread out with 29 people (21.0%) under the age of 18, 11 people (8.0%) aged 18 to 24, 31 people (22.5%) aged 25 to 44, 47 people (34.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 20 people (14.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.0 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.

There were 61 housing units at an average density of 323.7 per square mile (125.0/km²), of which 29 (50.9%) were owner-occupied, and 28 (49.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.7%. 71 people (51.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 67 people (48.6%) lived in rental housing units.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Casmalia, California
  3. ^ McCall, Lynne; Perry, Rosalind (2002). California’s Chumash Indians : a project of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Education Center (Revised edition ed.). San Luis Obispo, Calif: EZ Nature Books. ISBN 0936784156. 
  4. ^ One Hundred Years Ago: 1896 by Wilmar N. Tognazzini, Compiler, http://wntog.tripod.com/96.html
  5. ^ David W. Kean, Wide Places in the California Roads: The encyclopedia of California's small towns and the roads that lead to them (Volume 1 of 4: Southern California Counties), p. 39.
  6. ^ Finucane, Stephanie (October 1, 1995). "EPA Fights to Contain Casmalia Toxins". Santa Barbara News-Press. pp. B1. 
  7. ^ Emily Bosanquet (2001-10-01). CASMALIA WETLAND MITIGATION ALTERNATIVES FOR THE CASMALIA RESOURCES DISPOSAL SITE (PDF). Donald Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, UC Santa Barbara. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Casmalia, California
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Casmalia CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 

Nicholas Imiter and young Lina Irmiter were at the forefront for closing the toxic waste dump/Casmalia Resources Hazardous Waste Management Facility.