|Città di Cassano d'Adda|
|Frazioni||Groppello d'Adda, Cascine San Pietro|
|• Mayor||Roberto Maviglia|
|• Total||18 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||133 m (436 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2009)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Cassano d'Adda is a town and comune in the province of Milan, Lombardy, Italy, located on the right side of the Adda River. It is on the border of the province of Milan and the province of Bergamo. It is served by Cassano d'Adda railway station.
The first documentary record of the existence of Cassano is the Carlomanno charter from 887 AD.
Due to its strategic position at a crossing of the Adda river a number of historic battles took place in Cassano:
- in 268 AD, before the city was founded, the Roman Emperor Gallienus defeated the usurper Aureolus near the bridge crossing, but was killed after the battle by a conspiracy instigated by Aureolus.
- in 1158, Federico Barbarossa fought against the Milan people in Cassano;
- in 1259, the Guelph League fought against the Ghibellines under Ezzelino III da Romano
- in 1705, the French under Vendôme defeated the Imperial forces under Prince Eugene of Savoy during the War of the Spanish Succession; the famous strategist Folard was severely wounded in this battle;
- in 1799, the Russians under Suvorov defeated the French under Moreau during the French Revolutionary Wars (the most famous Battle of Cassano d'Adda).
Two artificial canals (the Muzza Canal on the south-east border and the Naviglio Martesana on the northern border) connect the Adda River with Lodi and Milano respectively, making Cassano an important agricultural town and then (thanks to hydroelectric power) an industrial one during the 19th century. The Linificio is a monument to this industrial past, with its 'worker village', very similar as a concept to Crespi d'Adda.
The most important landmark in Cassano is the Borromeo Castle, built around 1000 AD and progressively expanded. In 1400, Francesco I Sforza asked architect Bartolomeo Gadio (who also worked on the Duomo di Milano, the Castello Sforzesco and the Soncino castle) to redesign it extensively. Afterwards, it became the possession of Venetians, Spanish, Austrians, and of the Italian noble families d'Adda, Castaldo, Bonelli and Borromeo.
The neoclassic Villa d'Adda Borromeo is the other excellent sight in this town, surrounded by a green park, and designed by Giuseppe Piermarini (the designer of the Teatro alla Scala, of Milan's Palazzo Reale and of Monza's Villa Reale). Also of interest are the medieval 'ricetto' (barracks), villa Brambilla, villa Gabbioneta, villa Cornaggia-Medici, villa Mauri, casa Pasini, casa Rusca, casa Corsini, palazzo Berva, a square church tower of the 14th century (built by Regina della Scala, wife of Barnabò Visconti), and the Immacolata, S. Aquilino, S. Dionigi, S. Antonio and S. Ambrogio churches.
Cassano was the birthplace of
- Andrea Bonomi, footballer
- Teresa Brambilla, opera singer
- Emilio De Bono, general, fascist activist
- Valentino Mazzola, footballer
- Giuseppe Perrucchetti, creator of the Alpini elite military corps
- Corrado Fumagalli, TV presenter