Cassano d'Adda

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Cassano d'Adda
Comune
Città di Cassano d'Adda
Veduta di Cassano d'Adda.jpg
Coat of arms of Cassano d'Adda
Coat of arms
Cassano d'Adda is located in Italy
Cassano d'Adda
Cassano d'Adda
Location of Cassano d'Adda in Italy
Coordinates: 45°32′N 09°31′E / 45.533°N 9.517°E / 45.533; 9.517
Country Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Milan (MI)
Frazioni Groppello d'Adda, Cascine San Pietro
Government
 • Mayor Roberto Maviglia
Area
 • Total 18 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation 133 m (436 ft)
Population (1 January 2009)
 • Total 18,603
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Demonym Cassanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20062
Dialing code 0363
Website Official website

Cassano d'Adda is a town and comune in the province of Milan, Lombardy, Italy, located on the right side of the Adda River. It is on the border of the province of Milan and the province of Bergamo. It is served by Cassano d'Adda railway station.

History[edit]

The first documentary record of the existence of Cassano is the Carlomanno charter from 887 AD.

Due to its strategic position at a crossing of the Adda river a number of historic battles took place in Cassano:

Napoleon[edit]

Other notable people who stopped in Cassano include Napoleon in 1796 and 1807, and King Victor Emmanuel II and Emperor Napoleon III in 1859, just before the Battle of Solferino.

Linificio[edit]

A watermill on the Naviglio Martesana in the frazione Groppello d’Adda

Two artificial canals (the Muzza Canal on the south-east border and the Naviglio Martesana on the northern border) connect the Adda River with Lodi and Milano respectively, making Cassano an important agricultural town and then (thanks to hydroelectric power) an industrial one during the 19th century. The Linificio is a monument to this industrial past, with its 'worker village', very similar as a concept to Crespi d'Adda.

Main sights[edit]

The most important landmark in Cassano is the Borromeo Castle, built around 1000 AD and progressively expanded. In 1400, Francesco I Sforza asked architect Bartolomeo Gadio (who also worked on the Duomo di Milano, the Castello Sforzesco and the Soncino castle) to redesign it extensively. Afterwards, it became the possession of Venetians, Spanish, Austrians, and of the Italian noble families d'Adda, Castaldo, Bonelli and Borromeo.

The neoclassic Villa d'Adda Borromeo is the other excellent sight in this town, surrounded by a green park, and designed by Giuseppe Piermarini (the designer of the Teatro alla Scala, of Milan's Palazzo Reale and of Monza's Villa Reale). Also of interest are the medieval 'ricetto' (barracks), villa Brambilla, villa Gabbioneta, villa Cornaggia-Medici, villa Mauri, casa Pasini, casa Rusca, casa Corsini, palazzo Berva, a square church tower of the 14th century (built by Regina della Scala, wife of Barnabò Visconti), and the Immacolata, S. Aquilino, S. Dionigi, S. Antonio and S. Ambrogio churches.

Notable people[edit]

Cassano was the birthplace of