Cassell's Magazine was the successor to Cassell's Illustrated Family Paper, which was published from 31 December 1853 to 9 March 1867, becoming Cassell's Family Magazine in 1874, Cassell's Magazine in 1897, and, after 1912, Cassell's Magazine of Fiction.
The magazine was edited by H. G. Bonavia Hunt from 1874 to 1896, Max Pemberton from 1896 to 1905, David Williamson from 1905 to November 1908, Walter Smith from December 1908 to 1912, and Newman Flower from 1912 to 1922. It was acquired by the Amalgamated Press in 1927 and merged with The Storyteller Magazine in 1932.
In the 1890s, under Max Pemberton's editorship, the magazine was based on the Strand Magazine, attempting to be a competitor to that periodical. In 1912, under Newman Flower's editorship, it became a "pulp" magazine. Contributing authors included Wilkie Collins, whose 1870 novel Man and Wife raised the magazine's circulation to 70,000. Following the success of George Newnes's Tit-Bits, the Strand Magazine and Alfred Harmsworth's Answers, Cassell's began publishing a combination of journalistic miscellanea and illustrated fiction by popular novelists such as Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Quiller-Couch, Sheridan Le Fanu, J. M. Barrie and P. G. Wodehouse.
Other contributors were E. W. Hornung, who contributed various Raffles stories in the late 1890s, Rudyard Kipling, with a serialisation of his story Kim from January to November 1901, Henry Rider Haggard, with a serialisation of his stories The Brethren from December 1903 to November 1904, and Benita from December 1905 to May 1906, Arthur Conan Doyle's Through the Magic Door, serialised November 1906 to October 1907, and Constance Beerbohm, etc.
Joseph Conrad contributed 'Il Conde' to Cassell's Magazine, which went on to become one of the most reproduced of all his stories. In January 1908 he instructed his agent, 'Please secure the number' (CL 4:31), suggesting that Conrad was interested in seeing its illustrated publication in one of the most popular magazines of that time.
An American edition of the magazine, dated one month later than the English, ran from January 1884 to December 1907.