Cassville, Wisconsin

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Cassville, Wisconsin
Village
WIMap-doton-Cassville.png
Coordinates: 42°42′55.34″N 90°59′26.08″W / 42.7153722°N 90.9905778°W / 42.7153722; -90.9905778Coordinates: 42°42′55.34″N 90°59′26.08″W / 42.7153722°N 90.9905778°W / 42.7153722; -90.9905778
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Grant
Area[1]
 • Total 0.98 sq mi (2.54 km2)
 • Land 0.97 sq mi (2.51 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation[2] 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 947
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 937
 • Density 976.3/sq mi (377.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 608
FIPS code 55-13075[5]
GNIS feature ID 1582927[2]

Cassville is a village in Grant County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 947 at the 2010 census. The village is located along the Mississippi River within the Town of Cassville.

History[edit]

Cassville was first settled in 1827 and was named for Lewis Cass, governor of Michigan Territory at the time. After the creation of Wisconsin Territory in 1836, Cassville was viewed by many as a likely candidate to be the territorial capital, owing to its central location in a territory that stretched from Lake Michigan to the Missouri River. Land speculators built up the site, but the city of Madison, Wisconsin was selected as capital instead. This caused Cassville's developers to go bankrupt.

Eventually Nelson Dewey, who had moved to Cassville in 1836 and later served as the first Governor of Wisconsin, bought up most of the village. Hoping to profit from this, he encouraged settlement at the site to turn Cassville into a metropolis. In the meantime, Dewey was able to establish a large estate for himself outside the city. The estate, which he named Stonefield, is now a state historic site. Dewey himself was unable to occupy it for long. A fire destroyed his home in 1873, and financial misfortune forced him to sell the property shortly later. Cassville never became the major city that Dewey had envisioned. Today the city is primarily known for the Stonefield Historic Site, Nelson Dewey State Park, and the Cassville Ferry, which runs between Cassville and a nearby landing in Iowa.

Throughout the American Civil War, 110 men from Cassville volunteered to serve the Union in the 2nd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 9th, 10th, 17th, 20th, 25th, 31st, 33rd, 35th, 42nd, 43rd, 45th, and 49th Regiments of Wisconsin Infantry, the 2nd and 3rd Regiments of Wisconsin Cavalry, the 1st Regiment of Wisconsin Heavy Artillery, the 12th Regiment of Illinois Infantry, the 12th Regiment of Iowa Infantry, and the 6th Regiment of California Infantry. Out of these 110 men, 20 were killed or died of disease or wounds, 21 were wounded, and 2 were captured.

The Steamboat era saw the foot of Frederic Street as the activity center of Cassville. Riverboats moored along the riverfront to unload goods, transfer passengers, and load lead from nearby mines. Riverside Park was established in the 1890s.

An eagle effigy mound found here was built by Native Americans around 1000 A.D.

Economy[edit]

The Nelson Dewey Generating Station and the E. J. Stoneman Generating Station are in Cassville.

Geography[edit]

Cassville is located at 42°42′55.34″N 90°59′26.08″W / 42.7153722°N 90.9905778°W / 42.7153722; -90.9905778.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.98 square miles (2.54 km2), of which, 0.97 square miles (2.51 km2) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 947 people, 428 households, and 277 families residing in the village. The population density was 976.3 inhabitants per square mile (377.0/km2). There were 582 housing units at an average density of 600.0 per square mile (231.7/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.6% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.

There were 428 households of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.75.

The median age in the village was 48.3 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17% were from 25 to 44; 31.2% were from 45 to 64; and 23.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,085 people, 488 households, and 302 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,005.1 people per square mile (387.9/km²). There were 572 housing units at an average density of 529.9 per square mile (204.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.17% White, 0.46% Native American, 0.09% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. 0.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 488 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the village the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 24.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,179, and the median income for a family was $35,625. Males had a median income of $29,271 versus $17,014 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,010. About 10.3% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 23.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

  • Joseph Bock, soldier and member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.
  • Patrick H. Kelly, educator and member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]