Castana, Iowa

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Castana, Iowa
City
Location of Castana, Iowa
Location of Castana, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833Coordinates: 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Monona
Area[1]
 • Total 0.93 sq mi (2.41 km2)
 • Land 0.93 sq mi (2.41 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,148 ft (350 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 147
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 145
 • Density 158.1/sq mi (61.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51010
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-11530
GNIS feature ID 0455207
Website City website

Castana is a city in Monona County, Iowa, United States. The population was 147 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The city was founded in the summer of 1866 by A.G. Hammond, formerly a resident of Hartford, Connecticut. However Mr. Hammond died and a Mr. Day, who had been employed to work on the building, formed a company and completed building a store, which opened amid much celebration on 4 July 1867. Day then secured the office of post master and by 1872 there was also a blacksmith shop, two other shops and a franchise of Penn Bros, with a Methodist minister living nearby and also a mill. Efforts to encourage the American Emigrant Company to provide funds of $2,000 to start a school lost out to a rival project in Belvidere.[4]

Geography[edit]

Aerial photograph of Castana, Iowa, 2012

Castana is located at 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833 (42.072518, -95.908266).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.93 square miles (2.41 km2), all of it land.[1] The city is a distance of 10 miles (16 km) from Onawa[6] and 39 miles (63 km) miles from Sioux City.[7]

Academic research[edit]

The Western Iowa Experimental farm, a part of Iowa State University, is located just outside Castana. Here research is carried out in beef cattle, swine, forage and the effects of fertiliser on soya beans and corn.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1900 355 —    
1910 364 +2.5%
1920 389 +6.9%
1930 334 −14.1%
1940 336 +0.6%
1950 265 −21.1%
1960 230 −13.2%
1970 211 −8.3%
1980 228 +8.1%
1990 159 −30.3%
2000 178 +11.9%
2010 147 −17.4%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 147 people, 68 households, and 37 families residing in the city. The population density was 158.1 inhabitants per square mile (61.0 /km2). There were 78 housing units at an average density of 83.9 per square mile (32.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 68 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.6% were non-families. 42.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.7% were from 25 to 44; 33.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.7% male and 46.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 178 people, 77 households, and 47 families residing in the city. The population density was 192.2 people per square mile (73.9/km²). There were 84 housing units at an average density of 90.7 per square mile (34.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.31% White, 1.12% Native American and 0.56% Pacific Islander.

There were 77 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $24,000 versus $15,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,327. About 20.4% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 13.3% of those sixty five or over.

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ The Early Years, Old Castana, accessed 24 March 2010
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ indo.com (2009). "How Far is It? Distance Server: As the Crow Flies". Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
  7. ^ indo.com (2009). "How Far is It? Distance Server: As the Crow Flies". Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
  8. ^ Western Research and Demonstration Farm accessed 24 March 2010
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ United States Air Force. "Biographies: CHIEF MASTER SERGEANT OF THE AIR FORCE RICHARD D. KISLING". Retrieved 2010-05-09. 

External links[edit]