Castaneda, Switzerland

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This article is about a Swiss commune. For other uses, see Castañeda.
Castaneda
Castaneda, Switzerland January 8.jpg
Coat of arms of Castaneda
Coat of arms
Castaneda is located in Switzerland
Castaneda
Castaneda
Coordinates: 46°15′N 9°8′E / 46.250°N 9.133°E / 46.250; 9.133Coordinates: 46°15′N 9°8′E / 46.250°N 9.133°E / 46.250; 9.133
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Moesa
Area[1]
 • Total 3.96 km2 (1.53 sq mi)
Elevation 750 m (2,460 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 240
 • Density 61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Postal code 6540
SFOS number 3805
Surrounded by Buseno, Grono, Roveredo, Santa Maria in Calanca, San Vittore, Verdabbio
Website www.castaneda.ch
SFSO statistics

Castaneda is a municipality in the district of Moesa in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Castaneda is first mentioned in 1295.[3]

In the mid 19th Century an ice age era graveyard and settlement was discovered near the village church. It was excavated in 1928, and about 100 graves were discovered. In 1978-80, in Pian del Remit, which is north-west of the church, a stone age settlement was discovered underneath an ice age site. The rectangular midden included post holes, fire sites, ceramic fragments and variety of sedimentary rocks and crystals. The site was dated to 2800-1500 BC and included stone and bronze age. A multi-stage dry stone wall in Pian del Remit can't be exactly dated but may date from the iron age into the modern era. Its original function (building foundation, terrace wall or marker stone) is not known.

Geography[edit]

Castaneda has an area, as of 2006, of 3.9 km2 (1.5 sq mi). Of this area, 3.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 76.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (15.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Calanca sub-district of the Moesa district. It is located at the entrance to the Val Calanca, on a terrace that is part of the Misox valley.

Demographics[edit]

Castaneda has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 240.[2] As of 2008, 10.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (79.6%), with German being second most common (16.7%) and French being third ( 1.8%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 44.0% male and 56.0% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Castaneda is; 15 children or 6.8% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 6 teenagers or 2.7% are 10 to 14, and 7 teenagers or 3.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 28 people or 12.7% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 30 people or 13.6% are 30 to 39, 29 people or 13.1% are 40 to 49, and 33 people or 14.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 29 people or 13.1% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 24 people or 10.9% are 70 to 79, there are 17 people or 7.7% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 1.4% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 34.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (27.5%), the FDP (21.6%) and the CVP (14.6%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Castaneda about 70.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Castaneda has an unemployment rate of 1.9%. As of 2005, there were 3 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 2 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 34 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1808 129
1850 188
1860 232
1900 178
1950 182
1960 151
1970 161
1980 198
1990 193
2000 221

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Castaneda in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]