|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|Population||191 (December 2008)|
|- Density||28 /km2 (73 /sq mi)|
|Area||6.76 km2 (2.61 sq mi)|
|Elevation||696 m (2,283 ft)|
|Surrounded by||Bondo, Soglio, Villa di Chiavenna (IT-SO)|
Castasegna ( [kɐʃtɐˈzeɲɐ] (help·info)) is a former municipality in the district of Maloja in the Swiss canton of Graubünden, right at the Italian border. It's now part of the municipality of Bregaglia. The town is situated in the Bergell valley, above the river Mera.
Castasegna is first mentioned in 1374 as Castexegnia.
Castasegna has an area, as of 2006[update], of 6.8 km2 (2.6 sq mi). Of this area, 19.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 40.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (38.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located in the Bergell sub-district of the Maloja district in the lower section of the Bergell valley. It consists of the linear village of Castasegna with the Italian border on the edge of town and the neighboring Italian village of Villa di Chiavenna nearby. The main highway in the valley used to run through the main, narrow street. In order to relieve the town of the congestion, the highway was moved just below, along the valley floor.
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 46.4% male and 53.6% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Castasegna is; 20 children or 10.5% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 20 teenagers or 10.5% are 10 to 14, and 6 teenagers or 3.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 10 people or 5.3% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 41 people or 21.6% are 30 to 39, 28 people or 14.7% are 40 to 49, and 16 people or 8.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 19 people or 10.0% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 18 people or 9.5% are 70 to 79, there are 9 people or 4.7% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 1.6% who are 90 to 99.
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Castasegna about 70.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).
Castasegna has an unemployment rate of 0.69%. As of 2005[update], there were 14 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 34 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 5 businesses in this sector. 64 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 18 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks Italian (80.0%), with German being second most common (15.8%) and Romansh being third ( 3.2%). Traditionally, the Italian spoken in Castasenga is a Lombard dialect. Since the early 20th Century the municipality had a German-speaking minority.
|Languages in Castasegna GR|
|Languages||Census 1980||Census 1990||Census 2000|
Elektrizitätswerk der Stadt Zürich (EWZ) operates a power plant in Castasegna.
- Castasegna in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 19-Oct-2009
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
- Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Castasegna.|