Castelforte

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Castelforte
Comune
Comune di Castelforte
Castelforte(LT).JPG
Coat of arms of Castelforte
Coat of arms
Castelforte is located in Italy
Castelforte
Castelforte
Location of Castelforte in Italy
Coordinates: 41°18′N 13°50′E / 41.300°N 13.833°E / 41.300; 13.833
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Latina (LT)
Frazioni Suio
Government
 • Mayor Giampiero Forte
Area
 • Total 29 km2 (11 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (430 ft)
Population (1 June 2009)
 • Total 4,522
 • Density 160/km2 (400/sq mi)
Demonym Castelfortesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 04021
Dialing code 0771
Patron saint st. John the Baptist
Saint day June 24
Website Official website

Castelforte is a town and comune in the province of Latina, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is located at the feet of the Monti Aurunci massif.

History[edit]

Castelforte was founded most likely before the year 1000 AD. According to some scholars, it occupies the ruins of the ancient Auruncan town of Vescia, destroyed by the Romans in 340 BC (the commune includes the ruins of the large Terme Vescinae baths, in what is now the frazione of Suio).

The medieval town (Castrum Forte, meaning "Strong Castle") was a typical stronghold (probably built to counter the Saracen presence at the Garigliano) with a line of wall and rounded towers; the nearby Suio was defended by a castle. Castrum Forte's population was increased in 1320 when people from Suio moved here to flee malaria.

People from Castelforte formed two companies which fought alongside Fra' Diavolo in resistance against the French Napoleonic troops in 1798–99. This caused them to besiege and stomrm the town in the latter year. In 1807 Suio, now nearly depopulated, was aggregated to the municipality.

During the battles of Cassino of World War II, Castelforte, part of the German Gustav Line, was heavily bombed by Allied troops (1943–44). The city suffered hundreds of casualties in the event.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Castelforte at Wikimedia Commons