Castellar del Vallès
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Catalan Wikipedia. (March 2011)|
|Castellar del Vallès|
Castellar del Valles and Sant Llorenç del Munt
|• Alcalde||Ignasi Giménez Renom (PSC)|
|• Total||45.17 km2 (17.44 sq mi)|
|Elevation||331 m (1,086 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Castellar del Vallès is a municipality of Catalonia in the comarca of Vallès Occidental. It is located 7 km from Sabadell and 11 km from Terrassa, the two comarca's capitals. Other villages near Castellar del Vallès are Sant Llorenç Savall, Matadepera and Sentmenat.
The first evidence of human presence dates to 7000 BCE, although there is evidence of agricultural activity in the Neolithic, around 5000 BCE. The continuation of human presence is confirmed by twentieth one of funereal urns dated in the 7th century BCE, which were located in the Plan of La Bruguera, in the municipal term with formed posterity, for a small necropolis of the age of the iron.
In 2005, the remodelling of the center of Castellar revealed archaeological finds that confirm the presence of a city of late Roman period, with funereal rests|subtractions and other related with the agricultural activity, in 4th and 5th centuries, later substituted by a Visigothic settlement in the 6th centuries in 13th.
A part of the original village of Castellar Vell, excavated between 1995 and 2001, dates to the Carolingian period. A cemetery was located here, with 250 burials of 11th, 12th and 13th centuries.
The people of the village have been traditionally tied to the marquises of Castellar, who in the present live in Barcelona.
During 1968-2006, there were 181 forest fires or attempts at fires, affecting an area of 470.8 hectares. The largest fire during this period took place in July 1983, and burned 75 hectares in the Old Shoemaker region. There have been 23 fires in the last 10 years, affecting 5.7 hectares, affecting 5.7 hectares; these are much smaller than the great forest fire of Sant Llorenç de Savall in August 2003, where 2,953.85 hectares burned.
The largest snowfalls in this area came in 1962 and 2001, and there was an historical flood in September 1962, which damaged the Tolrà factory in Can Barba, the bridge over the Brunet and in farmland near the Ripoll river.
Traditionally the main economical source of Castellar del Vallès has been agriculture. It founded in typical Mediterranean growing (wine, olive tree, wheat, dried fruit and nuts) complemented by products of the vegetable garden. Linen and hemp have been grown on the banks of the Ripoll river since the Middle Ages.
From the 19th century an unstoppable process of industrialization being profitable starts the force|strength of the water of the Ripoll river, first manufacturing of the wool, after cotton and like this until the 20th century in that the industrial development keeps on converting the lands of growing into built-up areas or industrial estates, leaving to the agriculture like residual economical activity. A true every time more important tertiary sector, converting the economy of Castellar into the typical one of a post-industrial society.
The industrial development of Castellar del Vallès has been a lot joined to that of the textile company Tolrà, for the number of jobs as well as for the contributions of patronage of this family to the seat|town. The town counts on two industrial estates in where 5.000 persons (highlighting the companies of the sector metallurgical and of the wood) work. Another important sector is that of the services.
Castellar has two main roads, the C-1415a, which joins the town to Sentmenat and Matadepera, and the B-124, which connects Sabadell and Sant Llorenç Savall. At the moment there are two bus lines which serve the town, Sagalés and Sarbus.
Castellar del Vallès had a mayor of the Convergence and Union coalition (CiU) until 2007, even though a coalition had won the first local elections since the reestablishment of the democracy between the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) and the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia. During the 1999-2003 legislature and in spite of an absolute majority, Lluís Maria Corominas i Díaz arrived at a pact with the Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and PSC. The CIU party still governs, despite its loss of majority in the elections of 2003.
- Club Bàsquet Castellar (Basketball)
- Club Patinatge de Castellar del Vallès (Skate Rolling)
- Club Atlètic Castellar (Athletics)
- Club Tennis Castellar del Vallès (Tennis)
- Unió Esportiva Castellar (Soccer)
- Club Hoquei Castellar (Rolling Hockey)
- Futbol Sala Castellar (Indoor Soccer)
- CEIP Sant Esteve
- CEIP Mestre Plà
- CEIP Emili Carles
- CEIP El Casal
- CEIP Bonavista
- CEIP Joan Blanquer
- CEIP El Sol i la Lluna
- CEIP La Immaculada
- IES Castellar
- IES Puig de la Creu
- Daniel Pedrosa: World Champion of Motorcycle.
- José Eduardo González Navas: Catalan politician.
- Joan Blanquer i Penedès: Catalan filmmaker.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Castellar del Vallès.|