Castellina in Chianti

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Castellina in Chianti
Comune
Comune di Castellina in Chianti
Castellina in Chianti.jpg
Coat of arms of Castellina in Chianti
Coat of arms
Castellina in Chianti is located in Italy
Castellina in Chianti
Castellina in Chianti
Location of Castellina in Chianti in Italy
Coordinates: 43°28′09″N 11°17′19″E / 43.46917°N 11.28861°E / 43.46917; 11.28861Coordinates: 43°28′09″N 11°17′19″E / 43.46917°N 11.28861°E / 43.46917; 11.28861
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Siena (SI)
Frazioni Fonterutoli, Lilliano, Piazza, Rencine, San Leonino, San Quirico, Sant'Agnese
Government
 • Mayor Anna Maria Betti
Area
 • Total 99.4 km2 (38.4 sq mi)
Elevation 578 m (1,896 ft)
Population (1 January 2008)[1]
 • Total 2,851
 • Density 29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Demonym Castellinesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 53011
Dialing code 0577
Patron saint San Fausto
Saint day September 18
Website Official website
The entrance of the Via delle Volte.

Castellina in Chianti is a comune (municipality) of c. 2,800 inhabitants in the province of Siena, in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) south of Florence and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Siena. It is part of the Chianti Hills, between the valleys of the Arbia, Pesa and Elsa rivers.

The Rocca of Castellina.

The territory of Castellina in Chianti borders the following municipalities: Barberino Val d'Elsa, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Greve in Chianti, Monteriggioni, Poggibonsi, Radda in Chianti, Tavarnelle Val di Pesa.

History[edit]

The first settlements in the area dates from the Etruscan age, and they were probably devastated by Gaulish invasions at the time of the latter's invasions against Rome.

In the early Middle Ages the town was known as Salingolpe; in the 11th century Matilda of Tuscany gave it as fief to the counts Guidi and, subsequently, to the Trebbio. In the early 15th century it became a stronghold, of which today the Rocca remain.

Main sights[edit]

  • The massive Rocca (castle), with a huge 14th-century tower. It houses a small Etruscan museum.
  • Church of San Salvatore, with an early 15th-century fresco of Madonna with Child and a polychrome wooden statue of Christ from the same age.
  • Palazzo Ugolini-Squarcialupi.
  • Palazzo Bianciardi.
  • The Via delle Volte underground tunnel.
  • Montecalvario Mound, outside the town. It consists of four 7th-6th century BC tombs.
  • Poggino necropolis, also in the neighbourhood.
  • Romanesque church of San Martino, at Cispiano
  • Church of San Giorgio alla Piazza, housing a 15th panel from Cosimo Rosselli's workshop.
  • Pieve of Sant'Agnese, with a Madonna with Child by Bicci di Lorenzo.

Demographic evolution[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links[edit]