Castello Plan

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The original city map, 1660
Redraft of the Castello Plan of New Amsterdam in 1660, redrawn in 1916 by John Wolcott Adams and Isaac Newton Phelps Stokes

The Castello Plan is an early city map of Lower Manhattan from 1660, created by Jacques Cortelyou, surveyor of then named-New Amsterdam (later renamed by British colonial settlement as New York City).

Around 1667, cartographer Joan Blaeu bound the plan, together with other hand-crafted New Amsterdam depictions, to an atlas, which he sold to Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. This transaction most likely happened in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, as it has yet to be proven that Blaeu had ever set foot in New Netherland.

The plan arrived in Italy, where it was found in Villa di Castello near Florence in 1900 and printed in 1916, thus receiving its name.

It is covered extensively in volume 2 of I. N. Phelps Stokes' six-volume survey The Iconography of Manhattan Island.

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