Castelnau-de-Montmiral

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Castelnau-de-Montmiral
Place Castelnau-de-Montmiral.jpg
Coat of arms of Castelnau-de-Montmiral
Coat of arms
Castelnau-de-Montmiral is located in France
Castelnau-de-Montmiral
Castelnau-de-Montmiral
Coordinates: 43°57′59″N 1°49′18″E / 43.9664°N 1.8217°E / 43.9664; 1.8217Coordinates: 43°57′59″N 1°49′18″E / 43.9664°N 1.8217°E / 43.9664; 1.8217
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn
Arrondissement Albi
Canton Castelnau-de-Montmiral
Intercommunality Vère Grésigne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Paul Salvador
Area1 88.81 km2 (34.29 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 964
 • Density 11/km2 (28/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 81064 / 81140
Elevation 153–485 m (502–1,591 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Castelnau-de-Montmiral is a commune in the Tarn department in southern France.

Demography[edit]

Historical population of Castelnau-de-Montmiral
(Source: INSEE[1])
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999
Population 1192 1215 1037 958 910 895

Geography[edit]

The Vère flows westward through the commune.

History[edit]

While traces of activities dating back to the Bronze Age such as dolmens and oppidums can be seen in the nearby forest La Grésigne, the village was founded as an albigensian bastide in 1222 by Raymond VII, count of Toulouse, under the name “Castellum Novum Montis Mirabilis”.

During the subsequent years, the village remained an impressive stronghold. In 1345, during the Hundred Years' War, when Edward the Black Prince invaded the Albigeois, he reportedly left without besieging the village… Later, it served as a shelter for Catholics who were fleeing from Gaillac because of the Wars of Religion. King Louis XIII visited Castelnau in June 1622, and stayed in the “Tonnac” house.

Remarkable sites and monuments[edit]

Reliquary cross, early 14th century.

Remarkable sites and monuments in Castelnau-de-Montmiral include :

  • the village itself, listed among «Les Plus Beaux Villages de France »
  • the central square surrounded by corbel vaults, with the ancient pilori
  • the Notre Dame de l’Assomption church, with a 16th-century bell
  • ancient stone houses and half-timbered houses
  • the ramparts
  • the Reliquary cross, created in 1341 by a goldsmith in Albi
  • the nearby forest La Grésigne

Cultural references[edit]

“One evening, a small, jolting, overcrowded bus took us to Castelnau-de-Montmiral ; it was raining ; as we got out on the square surrounded by corbel vaults, Sartre abruptly told that he was fed up with being mad.” ("Un soir, un petit autobus cahotant et bondé nous amena à Castelnau de Montmiral ; il pleuvait ; en descendant sur la place entourée d’arcades, Sartre me dit abruptement qu’il en avait assez d’être fou.")

  • In the American TV series Smallville, Lana Lang’s family comes from Castelnau-de-Montmiral.

See also[edit]

References[edit]