Castiel, Switzerland

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Castiel
Former municipality of Switzerland
Castiel - Castiel village
Castiel village
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Castiel
Canton Graubünden
District Plessur
46°50′N 9°36′E / 46.833°N 9.600°E / 46.833; 9.600Coordinates: 46°50′N 9°36′E / 46.833°N 9.600°E / 46.833; 9.600
Population 128 (2010)
- Density 24 /km2 (61 /sq mi)
Area 5.41 km2 (2.09 sq mi)
Elevation 1,174 m (3,852 ft)
Postal code 7027
SFOS number 3923
Surrounded by Calfreisen, Lüen, St. Peter-Pagig, Praden, Says, Trimmis
Website
SFSO statistics
Castiel is located in Switzerland
Castiel
Castiel

Castiel is a former municipality in the district of Plessur in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Castiel, Calfreisen, Langwies, Lüen, Molinis, Peist and St. Peter-Pagig merged into the municipality of Arosa.[1]

History[edit]

Castiel is first mentioned in 1132 as Castellum.[2]

Geography[edit]

View of Castiel and surrounding mountains

Before the merger, Castiel had a total area of 5.4 km2 (2.1 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 43.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 49.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (5.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Schanfigg sub-district of the Plessur district on the northern face of the Schanfigg. It consists of the village of Castiel with the two sections of Oberdorf and Unterdorf.

Nearby, in Lüen, is the Lüen-Castiel railway station, on the Chur-Arosa railway line.

Demographics[edit]

Castiel had a population (as of 2010) of 128.[3] As of 2008, 6.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -2.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.5%), with the rest speaking Romansh ( 2.5%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Castiel is; 24 children or 20.2% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 8 teenagers or 6.7% are 10 to 14, and 4 teenagers or 3.4% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 4 people or 3.4% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 26 people or 21.8% are 30 to 39, 18 people or 15.1% are 40 to 49, and 13 people or 10.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 9 people or 7.6% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 8 people or 6.7% are 70 to 79, there are 5 people or 4.2% who are 80 to 89.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 54.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (23.9%), the FDP (20.8%) and the CVP (1.3%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Castiel about 70.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Castiel has an unemployment rate of 0.56%. As of 2005, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 5 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 4 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][5]

year population
1808 54
1850 72
1880 126
1900 90
1950 92
1960 82
1970 94
1980 83
1990 109
2000 119

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The archeological site of Carschlingg, a prehistoric, late-Roman and Early Middle Ages settlement is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 9 February 2013
  2. ^ a b Castiel in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 11 February 2013
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 27-Oct-2009

External links[edit]