Castiglione d'Orcia

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Castiglione d'Orcia
Comune
Comune di Castiglione d'Orcia
Castiglione-Scenery-2012.JPG
Coat of arms of Castiglione d'Orcia
Coat of arms
Castiglione d'Orcia is located in Italy
Castiglione d'Orcia
Castiglione d'Orcia
Location of Castiglione d'Orcia in Italy
Coordinates: 43°1′N 11°37′E / 43.017°N 11.617°E / 43.017; 11.617Coordinates: 43°1′N 11°37′E / 43.017°N 11.617°E / 43.017; 11.617
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Siena (SI)
Frazioni Bagni San Filippo, Belvedere, Campiglia d'Orcia, Masse, Montieri, Osteria Gallina, Ripa, Rocca d'Orcia, Vivo d'Orcia
Government
 • Mayor Fabio Savelli
Area
 • Total 141.7 km2 (54.7 sq mi)
Elevation 540 m (1,770 ft)
Population (31 December 2004)[1]
 • Total 2,530
 • Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Demonym Castiglionesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 53023
Dialing code 0577
Website Official website

Castiglione d'Orcia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region of Tuscany, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) southeast of Florence and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Siena, in the Val d'Orcia, not far from the Via Cassia.

Castiglione d'Orcia borders the following municipalities: Abbadia San Salvatore, Castel del Piano, Montalcino, Pienza, Radicofani, San Quirico d'Orcia, Seggiano.

History[edit]

The settlement is mentioned for the first time in 714, when it was a possession of the Aldobrandeschi family. In 1252 it became a free commune, but lost its independence in the following century to the Republic of Siena, which entrusted it to powerful families like the Piccolomini and Salimbeni. Later, Castiglione was part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and, from 1861, of unified Italy.

Main sights[edit]

  • Rocca (Castle) of Tentennano, overlooking the frazione of Rocca d'Orcia. It was the centre of the struggle between the Salimbeni and the Republic of Siena, which re-acquired it in 1408. In the 16th century it was again contended between Siena and Florence
  • Rocca Aldobrandesca.
  • Romanesque churches of Santa Maria Maddalena and Santi Stefano and Degna. The latter houses a Madonna with Child by Simone Martini and a Madonna with Child by Pietro Lorenzetti.

Demographic evolution[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links[edit]