Castle Hill (Sitka, Alaska)

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American Flag-Raising Site
1827 illustration of Castle Hill (Old Sitka, Alaska) by Postels.jpg
1827 illustration of Castle Hill in Russian-controlled Sitka. The hilltop building was an imposing fortification on a hill overlooking the water and Tlingit areas.
Castle Hill (Sitka, Alaska) is located in Alaska
Castle Hill (Sitka, Alaska)
Location Sitka, Alaska
Coordinates 57°2′55.51″N 135°20′1.57″W / 57.0487528°N 135.3337694°W / 57.0487528; -135.3337694Coordinates: 57°2′55.51″N 135°20′1.57″W / 57.0487528°N 135.3337694°W / 57.0487528; -135.3337694
Built 1804
Architect Unknown
Architectural style No Style Listed
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 66000162
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL June 13, 1962[2]

Castle Hill or Noow Tlein,[3] in Sitka, Alaska, is a National Historic Landmark and the historical site of Tlingit and Russian forts.

Castle Hill is the area of land understood by the Tlingit people to be ceded to the Russian government following the battle of 1804.[4] It is also the location where, in 1867, the Russian flag was lowered and the American flag was raised, marking the transfer of Alaska to the United States.

In 1959, after Alaska was admitted as the 49th U.S. state, Castle Hill was the location where the first 49-star U.S. flag in Alaska was raised, though the ceremony was unofficial and secret.[5]

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1962.[2][6]

No structures remain. It is now an Alaska state park located at Lincoln and Katlian Streets known as Baranof Castle Hill State Historic Site.


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "American Flag-Raising Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  3. ^ Joseph, Charlie; Brady, I.; Makinen, E.; David, R.; Davis, V.; Johnson, A.; Lord, N. (2001). "Sheet’kwaan Aani Aya". Sitka Tribe of Alaska. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  4. ^ Dauenhauer, Nora Marks; Richard Dauenhauer, Lydia T. Black (2008). Anóoshi Lingít Aaní Ká, Russians in Tlingit America: The Battles of Sitka, 1802 and 1804. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. XLI. ISBN 978-0-295-98601-2. 
  5. ^ Woolsey, Robert (1 July 2009). "State's first 49-star flag raised in secret Sitka ceremony". Sitka, Alaska: Raven Radio. Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  6. ^ William S. Hanable (April 4, 1975) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: American Flag-Raising Site (AHRS Site Sit 002) / Baranov Castle / Castle Hill, National Park Service and Accompanying 5 photos, from 1954, 1965, 1967.

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