Castle Point (UK Parliament constituency)

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Castle Point
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Castle Point in Essex.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
Electorate 64,562 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Rebecca Harris (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from South East Essex
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Castle Point is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Rebecca Harris of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

This seat was created in 1983, primarily from the former seat of South East Essex. Covering the area of Canvey Island, Hadleigh, South Benfleet, and Thundersley and in all but one election has been won by a Conservative candidate, passing to Labour once, in the 1997 landslide election. Bob Spink regained the seat in 2001, but subsequently resigned from the Conservative Party on 22 April 2008. Spink briefly joined the United Kingdom Independence Party[2] but resigned the whip shortly afterwards and sat as an Independent MP.[3] In the 2010 election, Spink lost in Castle Point to Rebecca Harris.

Boundaries[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Essex, the Boundary Commission for England has created a Castle Point constituency based entirely within the boundaries of the district council of the same name.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat is coterminous with the Castle Point local authority, taking its name from Hadleigh Castle and Canvey Point, and covering the Canvey Island at the seaside end of the Thames Estuary plus a segment of the adjoining mainland.

Castle Point is characterised by skilled manual workers, commuters and the self-employed. Levels of home and car ownership in Hadleigh and Canvey are very high, social deprivation is relatively low.[4]

The constituency has traditionally been Conservative but was tightly contested in both the 1997 and 2001 general elections.

The seat is one of only a very few to undergo 1990s and 2000s boundary reviews without any changes at all, having seen population growth in line with the average seat (which is slightly larger), including development in the designated development plans of the Thames Gateway.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1983 Sir Bernard Braine Conservative
1992 Bob Spink Conservative
1997 Christine Butler Labour
2001 Bob Spink Conservative
Apr 2008 UKIP
Nov 2008 Independent
2010 Rebecca Harris Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Castle Point[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rebecca Harris 19,806 44.0 -4.3
Independent Save Our Green Belt Bob Spink 12,174 27.0 +27.0
Labour Julian Ware-Lane 6,609 14.7 -15.7
Liberal Democrat Brendan D'Cruz 4,232 9.4 -0.9
BNP Philip Howell 2,205 4.9 +4.9
Majority 7,632 17.0
Turnout 45,026 66.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Castle Point
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bob Spink 22,118 48.3 +3.7
Labour Luke Akehurst 13,917 30.4 -11.7
Liberal Democrat James Sandbach 4,719 10.3 +2.5
UKIP Neil Hamper 3,431 7.5 +4.3
Green Irene Willis 1,617 3.5 +3.5
Majority 8,201 17.9
Turnout 45,802 65.9 +7.5
Conservative hold Swing 7.7
General Election 2001: Castle Point
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bob Spink 17,738 44.6 +4.5
Labour Christine Butler 16,753 42.1 -0.3
Liberal Democrat Billy Boulton 3,116 7.8 -1.4
UKIP Ron Hurrell 1,273 3.2 N/A
Independent Douglas Roberts 663 1.7 -1.0
Truth Party Nik Searle 223 0.6 N/A
Majority 985 2.5
Turnout 39,766 58.4 -13.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Castle Point
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Christine Butler 20,605 42.4 +18.4
Conservative Bob Spink 19,462 40.1 -15.5
Liberal Democrat M. Baker 4,477 9.2 -9.9
Referendum Party H. Maulkin 2,700 5.6
Independent L. D. Kendall 1,301 2.7
Majority 1,143 2.3
Turnout 72.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Castle Point[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bob Spink 29,629 55.6 −4.3
Labour DFL Flack 12,799 24.0 +5.0
Liberal Democrat ARK Petchey 10,208 19.2 −1.9
Green Mrs IL Willis 643 1.2 N/A
Majority 16,830 31.6 −7.3
Turnout 53,279 80.4 +6.0
Conservative hold Swing −4.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Castle Point
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bernard Braine 29,681 59.9
Social Democrat A. Bastow 10,433 21.1
Labour W. Deal 9,422 19.0
Majority 19,248 38.8
Turnout 74.5
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Cardiff South and Penarth
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
1987-1992
Succeeded by
Old Bexley and Sidcup

Coordinates: 51°32′N 0°34′E / 51.54°N 0.57°E / 51.54; 0.57