Castle Rock, Colorado
|Castle Rock, Colorado|
|— Town —|
|Douglas County and the State of Colorado|
|State of Colorado|
|County||Douglas County Seat|
|Incorporated (town)||May 17, 1881|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Town Manager||Mark Stevens|
|• Total||31.6 sq mi (81.9 km2)|
|• Land||31.6 sq mi (81.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||6,224 ft (1,897 m)|
|• Density||1,500/sq mi ( 590/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|ZIP Codes||80104, 80108, 80109|
|Area code(s)||303 & 720|
|GNIS feature ID||0169449|
|Website||Town of Castle Rock|
The Town of Castle Rock is the county seat of Douglas County, Colorado, United States and is named after the prominent castle tower-shaped butte near the center of town. It is part of Colorado's Front Range Urban Corridor and is located roughly 28 miles (45 km) south of Denver and 37 mi (60 km) north of Colorado Springs. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 48,231.
Castle Rock was founded in 1874 when the eastern Douglas County border was redrawn to its present location. Castle Rock was chosen as the county seat because of its central location.
White settlers were drawn to the area by rumors of gold and by land opened through the Homestead Act of 1862. However, it was the discovery of rhyolite stone not gold that ultimately led to the settlement of Castle Rock.
One of the first homesteaders in the area near today's Castle Rock was Jeremiah Gould. He owned about 160 acres (0.65 km2) to the south of "The (Castle) Rock." At that time, the settlement consisted of just a few buildings for prospectors, workers, and cowboys. In 1874 Jeremiah Gould donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) to the new town that was also now home to the Douglas County government. For the beginning the six streets named Elbert, Jerry, Wilcox, Perry, Castle and Front were laid out to build the actual town of Castle Rock. The Courthouse Square was defined and about 77 lots, each 50 by 112 feet (34 m), were auctioned off for a total profit of US$3,400.
A new train depot brought the Denver and Rio Grande Railway to the area. The depot building now houses the Castle Rock Historical Museum on Elbert Street, where visitors can see history of how Castle Rock changed over the years. Castle Rock currently encompasses about 35 square miles (91 km2), with a population of more than 42,000  in town and 70,000 in the surrounding area.
Castle Rock is located at  The town lies in the Colorado Piedmont on the western edge of the Great Plains. The Front Range of the Rocky Mountains lay a few miles to the west. East Plum Creek, a stream within the South Platte River drainage basin, runs north then northwest through Castle Rock.(39.372212, -104.856090) at an elevation of 6,224 feet (1,897 m).
Common landforms in Castle Rock consist of rock outcroppings, steep hillsides, cliffs, canyons, mesas, and plateaus. About 37 million years ago, a volcanic eruption took place that covered the area around Castle Rock with 20 feet (6.1 m) of extremely resistant rock called rhyolite. After a few million years, mass flooding and erosion of the volcanic rock gave way to the castle-shaped butte that is the town's namesake. The butte sits near the town's center, immediately north of downtown. Other prominent landforms visible from Castle Rock include Dawson Butte, Devils Head, Mount Evans and Pikes Peak.
Castle Rock is within the Colorado Foothills Life Zone. The hillsides are covered with large meadows of grass, small plants, scattered juniper trees and open Ponderosa Pine woodlands. Other trees common in the area include Gambel Oak (Scrub Oak or Oak Brush), Pinyon, and Pinyon Pine. Local wildlife includes the American Badger, American Black Bear, Bobcat, Coyote, Colorado Chipmunk, Gray Fox, Mountain Cottontail Rabbit, Mountain Lion, Mule Deer, Pocket Gopher, Porcupine, and Skunk. Birds that can be found in the area include the Golden Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Black-billed Magpie, Red-tailed Hawk, Pinyon Jay and Western Tanager.
Castle Rock is located in central Colorado on Interstate 25 roughly 28 mi (45 km) south of Denver and 37 mi (60 km) north of Colorado Springs. Lying within the Front Range Urban Corridor, the town is part of the greater Denver metropolitan area. Nearby communities include Castle Pines North, Lone Tree, Parker, Highlands Ranch, Larkspur, Franktown and Sedalia. According to the United States Census Bureau, Castle Rock has a total area of 31.6 square miles (82 km2).
Castle Rock experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry, snowy winters and hot, wetter summers. On average, the town receives 17.3 inches (440 mm) of precipitation annually. Snowfall averages 60 inches (150 cm) per year. On average, January is the coldest month, July is the hottest month, and May is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Castle Rock was 99 °F (37 °C) in July 1973; the coldest temperature recorded was −35 °F (−37 °C) in January 1963.
|Climate data for Castle Rock, Colorado|
|Record high °F (°C)||73
|Average high °F (°C)||43.9
|Average low °F (°C)||13.6
|Record low °F (°C)||−35
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.55
|Snowfall inches (cm)||7.1
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||3.6||3.4||5.3||6.5||8.1||6.9||8.4||9.3||5.9||3.8||4.2||3.8||69.2|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||2.5||2.4||3.1||2.4||0.4||0||0||0||0.2||0.9||2.8||3.2||17.9|
Castle Rock's postal codes include many neighborhoods:
North of Downtown / West of I-25
South of Downtown / West of I-25
North of Downtown / East of I-25
South of Downtown / East of I-25
As of the 2010 census, there were 48,231 people, 16,688 households, and 12,974 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,526.3 people per square mile (589.3/km²). There were 17,626 housing units at an average density of 557.8 per square mile (215.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.7% White, 1.1% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. 10.0% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 16,688 households out of which 48.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86, and the average family size was 3.27.
In the town, the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males age 18 and over.
As of 2009, the median income for a household in the town was $86,777, and the median income for a family was $97,599. Males had a median income of $65,996 versus $46,151 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,664. About 3.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.
One member, appointed by the council, serves as mayor, presiding over council meetings, and another member serves as mayor pro tem. The mayor presides over council meetings and casts one vote, like other council members.
The council sets policy for the town, adopts ordinances, approves the town budget, makes major land-use decisions, and appoints key town government staff including the town manager, town attorney, municipal judge, and members of town boards and commissions.
The town manager supervises all departments, prepares and implements the town budget, and works with the council to develop policies and propose new plans.
Tax revenues are used to provide general government, fire, police, parks maintenance and programs, street maintenance and operations, public transit, support for recreation and planning and code enforcement services. The town also provides development services, golf, water and sewer services to residents through self-supporting enterprise funds.
Many of Castle Rock’s residents work in the Denver Technological Center, better known as "The Denver Tech Center" (DTC), which is a 15 minute drive north on I-25. Downtown Denver and Denver International Airport are both approximately a 40 minute drive from Castle Rock.
Public Elementary Schools
Public Middle Schools
Public High Schools
Health care 
Castle Rock residents have access to numerous options when it comes to quality health care. Within town there are several medical offices, an urgent care and an emergency room. Castle Rock Adventist Hospital, a full service hospital opens August 1, 2013. The 50 bed hospital will offer comprehensive health care to the growing southern Douglas County area. Labor and delivery suites, NICU, orthopedic surgery, ICU and medical imaging make it convenient for Castle Rock residents to receive quality medical care close to home.
Castle Rock is part of the Denver radio and television market. Radio station KJMN is licensed to Castle Rock, but broadcasts from Denver playing a Spanish Adult Hits format on 92.1 FM. Denver radio station 850 KOA, which broadcasts a news/talk and sports format, operates its 50,000 watt transmitter from a site 10 miles northeast of downtown Castle Rock, in the town of Parker. Another Denver station, KEZW "Studio 1430", a CNN affiliate with a nostalgia music format, operates its transmitter from Highlands Ranch, 13 miles north of downtown Castle Rock.
NPR programming can be heard on Colorado Public Radio's KCFR-FM. Castle Rock is also served by the AM signal of KGNU, a non-commercial affiliate of PRI, Pacifica, and the BBC World Service, and which also provides diverse music programming.
Parks and recreation 
Castle Rock’s open space and parks comprise 27% the town’s total land area (5,415 acres (21.91 km2) of parks and open space / 20,224 acres (81.84 km2) total land area. Additionally, there are 56 miles (90 km) of soft-surface and paved trails.
- Parks - Baldwin Park, Bison Park, Butterfield Park, Castle Highlands Park, Castle North Park, Castlewood Canyon State Park, Centennial Park, Festival Park, Founders Park, Gemstone Park, Glovers Tot Lot, Matney Park, Metzler Ranch Park, Mitchell Gulch Park, Paintbrush Park, Plum Creek Park, Rhyolite Regional Park, Rosecrown Park.
- Trails & Open Space - East Plum Creek Trail, Gateway Mesa Open Space, Hidden Mesa Open Space, Memmen Ridge Open Space, Mitchell Creek Canyon Trail, Mitchell Creek Trail System, Native Legend Open Space, Quarry Mesa Open Space, Ridgeline Open Space, Rock Park, The Bowl.
Castle Rock has been recognized by a number of national periodicals:
- Money magazine ranked Castle Rock No. 19 in the nation in its list of the “100 Best Places to Live in America" September 2011 . Ranking methodology was based on job growth, home affordability, safety, school quality, health care, arts and leisure, diversity and several ease-of-living criteria.
- Family Circle magazine ranked Castle Rock No. 1 in the nation in its list of the “10 Best Towns for Families," August 2010. The article shares the results of the magazine’s quest to identify "the best communities across the country that combine big-city opportunities with suburban charm" and "an ideal blend of affordable houses, good jobs, top-rated schools, wide-open spaces and a lot less stress."  This is Castle Rock's second time making Family Circle's top ten list. In the August 2007 issue Castle Rock was ranked No. 9.
- Forbes magazine named Castle Rock No. 5 of “America's 25 Best Places To Move,” 7 July 2009 
- Money magazine ranked Douglas County No. 5 in the United States for “Job Growth over the Last Eight Years”. (Towns include Castle Rock, Parker, Stonegate, Lone Tree, and Highlands Ranch), 18 August 2009 
- American City Business Journals (ACBJ) ranked Douglas County No. 4 in the nation for “Quality of Life,” May 2004 
- Denver Business Journal reported that Castle Rock was ranked No. 6 on Gadberry Group’s list of "2008 High-Growth Areas in the United States". 9 January 2009 
- SchoolDigger.com ranked Douglas County School District No.1 in the Denver Metropolitan Area and No.12 in Colorado based on 2009 test scores. (School district rankings were determined by averaging the rankings of individual schools within each of the 122 districts evaluated). Source: National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Dept of Education, and Colorado Department of Education.
Notable people 
Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Castle Rock include:
- Amy Adams, actress
- Kirsten Bomblies, biologist
- Jim Cottrell, NFL linebacker
- Gary Hallberg, professional golfer
- Tom Hamilton, Aerosmith bassist
- Nelson Rangell, jazz musician
- Edward Seidensticker, Japanologist
- Ann Strother, WNBA player, coach
View of Pikes Peak from Rock Park in Castle Rock.
View of Mount Evans from Rock Park in Castle Rock.
View of The Meadows neighborhood taken from Daniels Park.
Castle Rock as seen from I-25.
See also 
- Outline of Colorado
- State of Colorado
- Castle Rock v. Gonzales (2005), a U.S. Supreme Court case
- "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
- "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Physiographic provinces of Colorado". Colorado Geographic Survey. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- Johnson, Kirk R. et al. (2006). Ancient Denvers. Fulcrum Publishing. ISBN 978-1-55591-554-4.
- "Climatography of the United States No. 20". NOAA. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- "Castle Rock town, Colorado - Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2009". 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
- "Town Government". Town of Castle Rock. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- "Town Manager's Office". Town of Castle Rock. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- "Castle Rock, Colorado". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "Elementary School Directory". Douglas County School District RE-1. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "Middle School Directory". Douglas County School District RE-1. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "High School Directory". Douglas County School District RE-1. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "Options School Directory". Douglas County School District RE-1. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "Castle Rock Adventist Hospital". Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "Advertise with Us". Colorado Community Newspapers. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
- "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
- "Contacto". Entravision Communications Corporation. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
- "http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2011/snapshots/PL0812415.html". CNN.
- [http://www.castlerock.org/relocation_guide.asp, the day that Family Circle magazine unveils its “10 Best Towns for Families.” "http://www.castlerock.org/relocation_guide.asp"].
- Kilborn, Peter T. "http://www.forbes.com/2009/07/07/relocate-relocation-cities-lifestyle-real-estate-affordable-moving_slide_6.html". Forbes.
- "http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2009/top25s/financial/jobgrowth.html". CNN.
- "http://www.bizjournals.com/edit_special/13.html".[dead link]
- "http://denver.bizjournals.com/denver/stories/2009/01/05/daily49.html". 2009-01-09.
- "Biography for Amy Adams". IMDb. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "Biography of Artist Kirsten Bomblies". Artists for Conservation. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "Jimmy Cottrell Profile". Scout.com. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "Jimmy Cottrell, LB". National Football League. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- Hanley, Reid (1992-06-21). "Sports Psychologist Helps Hallberg Stay Focused On Task At Hand". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- Miller, Ken. (2007). Nelson Rangell - Interview Cafe (Video-recording), Time: 4:13
- Fox, Margalit (2007-08-31). "Edward Seidensticker, Translator, Is Dead at 86". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "Ann Strother". UConn Hoop Legends. University of Connecticut. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Castle Rock, Colorado|
- Town of Castle Rock
- Castle Rock Chamber of Commerce
- Visit Castle Rock
- Castle Rock Economic Development Council (CREDCO)
- Douglas County Fairgrounds in Castle Rock