Castle Village, Manhattan
Castle Village is a five-building cooperative apartment complex located on Cabrini Boulevard between West 181st and 186th Streets in the Hudson Heights neighborhood of Washington Heights, Manhattan, New York City. It was built in 1938-39 by real estate developer Charles V. Paterno on the 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) site of what had been the castle that was his residence, and was designed by George F. Pelham, Jr., whose father, George F. Pelham, had designed the nearby Hudson View Gardens.
The complex was initially a rental property, but converted to a cooperative in 1985. A few original tenants still rent.
The design of the towers was influenced by medieval European castle keeps. The cross design of the towers and the "towers in a park" layout was later used in most of New York's social and affordable housing. The labor movement owned United Housing Foundation built tens of thousands of cooperative apartments using a similar layout. The reinforced concrete construction was also copied in cooperative developments. Private rental housing, like those built in Parkchester and Stuyvesant Town residential developments followed the architectural design, but substituted the concrete frame for a cheaper steel frame construction.
On May 12, 2005, a 75-foot retaining wall below the garden that faces the Hudson River collapsed, resulting a massive landslide which buried the northbound lanes of the Henry Hudson Parkway and six parked cars. The collapse stopped traffic on the highway for several days, and an entry ramp to the highway remained closed for almost two years. No one was injured. Reconstruction of the wall and garden, which had been built in 1925 and supported the complex's lawn, was substantially completed by October 2007, at the cost of $24 million. The access road to the Henry Hudson Parkway below the wall was reopened in March 2008.
- White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867. p.571
- Willensky, Elliot, and White, Norval. AIA Guide to New York City, New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1988. p.466
- Department of Buildings. "Board of Inquiry Report: Castle Village Retaining Wall Collapse April 2007," p. 3. 
- Paterno Castle to be Demolished, New York Times, August 7, 1938
- Board of Inquiry Report, Castle Village Retaining Wall Collapse, NYC Department of Buildings, April 2007
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