Castle of Good Hope Decoration

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Castle of Good Hope Decoration
Castle of Good Hope Decoration.jpg
Awarded by South African Defence Force
Country  South Africa
Type Medal
Awarded for Most conspicuous bravery
Status Discontinued in 2003
Post-nominals CGH
Statistics
Established 1952
Total awarded Never awarded
Precedence
Next (lower) Louw Wepener Decoration (1952-1975)
Honoris Crux Diamond (1975-1993)
CGHlint.gif
Ribbon: 44mm, green

The Castle of Good Hope Decoration was South Africa's highest military honour from 1952 to 2003. It was introduced on 6 April 1952, and formally authorised by Queen Elizabeth II on 26 January 1953, as a substitute for the Victoria Cross, for which South African servicemen had previously been eligible. The decoration was never awarded, and was superseded by the Nkwe ya Gauta with effect from 27 April 2003.

Criteria[edit]

The conditions for award were "most conspicuous bravery, or some daring or pre-eminent act of self-sacrifice or extreme devotion to duty" in the presence of the enemy in wartime. In 1986, the restriction to wartime was removed to make the decoration available in other military operations.

Description[edit]

Design

The CGH is a gold pentagon, representing the outline of South Africa's oldest military building, the Castle of Good Hope in Cape Town.

Obverse

The obverse displays a scene of three ships sailing into Table Bay in 1652, surrounded by the name of the decoration in English and Afrikaans.

Reverse

The reverse displays the 1910-pattern South African coat of arms, and specimens struck before the country became a republic in 1961 also have Queen Elizabeth's royal cipher (E II R).

Ribbon

The ribbon is plain green. It was designed to be worn around the neck, in the manner of the American Medal of Honor, but it was altered to a chest decoration in the 1990s.

References[edit]

  • Alexander, E. G. M., Barron G. K. B. and Bateman, A. J. (1986). South African Orders, Decorations and Medals. Human and Rousseau.
  • Monick, S, (1988). South African Military Awards 1912-1987. South African National Museum of Military History.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]