Castle of Park

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Castle of Park
Castle of Park Glenluce exterior.JPG
Castle of Park is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Castle of Park
Location within Dumfries and Galloway
General information
Type Tower house
Town or city Glenluce
Country Scotland
Coordinates 54°52′34″N 4°49′32″W / 54.8760°N 4.8255°W / 54.8760; -4.8255Coordinates: 54°52′34″N 4°49′32″W / 54.8760°N 4.8255°W / 54.8760; -4.8255
Construction started 1590
Completed Before 1599

The Castle of Park is a 16th-century L-plan tower house near Glenluce, in Dumfries and Galloway, southwest Scotland. It is a category A listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The castle was begun in 1590 for Thomas Hay, the son of one of the Commendators of Glenluce Abbey, and his wife Jonet MakDouel.[2] It was completed by 1599.[3]

The building was extended in the 18th century,[2] and was used by the Hay family until Sir John Dalrymple-Hay sold the Park estate in 1875;[1] it was then left uninhabited.

A program of restoration was carried out in the 1950s and 1960s by the Ministry of Public Buildings and Works, including removal of the 18th-century wings.[2] In the 1980s, additional work was done by the Landmark Trust.[3] The building is now maintained using income from its use as holiday accommodation.[4]

At various times the building has also been known as "Park Hay", "The Park O' Luce", "Park Castle" and "Park House".[2]

Description[edit]

The building is divided into four floors. The lowest floor consists of three barrel vaulted rooms used as kitchens and store-rooms; above this is the main hall measuring some 22 feet (6.7 m) by 17 feet (5.2 m).[5] The third and fourth floors are divided into smaller rooms. The southward projection contains a large spiral staircase, from which a further spiral stair leads to the roof and to a small room above the main stair.[3]

Although imposing, the building is not defensible.[3] Unlike earlier examples such as Drum Castle,[6] the walls are hollowed out with additional staircases and, to quote the 1898 description, "commodious closets".[5]

References[edit]

The doorway inscription, which reads:
"Blissit be the name of the Lord this werk was begun the first day of March 1590 be Thomas Hay of Park and Jonet MakDouel his spous"
  1. ^ a b "Castle of Park". Historic Scotland. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Glenluce, Castle of Park". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gifford, John (1996). Dumfries and Galloway. The Buildings of Scotland. Penguin Books. pp. 176–177. ISBN 0-14-071067-1. 
  4. ^ "About the Landmark Trust". Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  5. ^ a b Reproduced in "Park O' Luce, Wigtonshire". Examples of Scottish architecture from the 12th to the 17th century; a series of reproductions from the National art survey drawings 1. G. Waterston & Sons. 1921. 
  6. ^ Simpson, W D (1959). Scottish Castles - An introduction to the Castles of Scotland. Edinburgh: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 

External links[edit]