Castlederg

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Castlederg
Irish: Caisleán na Deirge
Castlederg Town Centre - geograph.org.uk - 371674.jpg
The Diamond, Castlederg
Castlederg is located in Northern Ireland
Castlederg
Castlederg
 Castlederg shown within Northern Ireland
Population 2,935 (2008 estimate)
Irish grid reference H262845
   – Belfast  85 miles 
District Strabane
County County Tyrone
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CASTLEDERG
Postcode district BT81
Dialling code 028, +44 28
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament West Tyrone
NI Assembly West Tyrone
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone

Coordinates: 54°42′30″N 7°35′36″W / 54.7083°N 7.5934°W / 54.7083; -7.5934

Castlederg (earlier Caslanadergy, from Irish: Caisleán na Deirge, meaning "castle on the Derg")[1] is a village in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It lies on the River Derg and is near the border with County Donegal. It stands in the townlands of Castlesessagh and Churchtown,[2] in the historic barony of Omagh West and the civil parish of Urney.[3] The village has a ruined castle and two ancient tombs known as the Druid's Altar and Todd's Den. It had an estimated population of 2,935 people in 2008.

The village hosts some of the district's key events each year, including the Derg Vintage Rally and the traditional Apple Fair which sees the apple growers of County Armagh visit to sell their wares.

Traditionally, Castlederg was a traveller's stop along the ancient pilgrimage route to Station Island on Lough Derg. The town boasts ancient ruins, monastic settlements and, as the stories go, has connections to Davy Crockett and Joe Sheridan, the creator of Irish coffee.

History[edit]

The Troubles[edit]

During the Troubles, 25 people were killed in and around Castlederg (including Killeter and Killen)[4] and there were many bombings in the village. The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) killed 11 members of the British Army and Royal Ulster Constabulary, four fellow IRA members whom it accused of being informers, and three Protestant civilians.[4] Five IRA members were also killed when their bombs exploded prematurely. Ulster loyalists killed three Catholic civilians.[4] For more information see The Troubles in Castlederg.

Winter of 2010[edit]

Castlederg recorded a Northern Ireland record low temperature of −18.7 °C (−1.7 °F) on the morning of 23 December 2010.[5]

Transport[edit]

The narrow-gauge Castlederg and Victoria Bridge Tramway was built in 1883, to link the village with the Great Northern Railway (Ireland) at Victoria Bridge. Castlederg railway station opened on 4 July 1884, but was finally closed on 17 April 1933.[6]

Education[edit]

The remains of Castlederg Castle

Sport[edit]

Football[edit]

Gaelic games[edit]

Demographics[edit]

19th century population[edit]

The population of the village increased during the 19th century:[2][7]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 476 596 637 703 756 796
Houses 81 102 106 119 137 155

21st century population[edit]

Castlederg is classified as an intermediate settlement by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with a population between 2,250 and 4,500 people). On Census Day 29 April 2001 the resident population of Castlederg ward was 2,074. Of this population:

  • 23.0% were under 16 years old and 22.7% were aged 60 and above;
  • 48.2% of the population were male and 51.8% were female; and
  • 59.0% were from a Catholic community background and 40.5% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' community background.
  • 6.2% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Castlederg". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Malcolm Sutton's Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland (search for "Castlederg"). Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN).
  5. ^ "Northern ireland diary of highlights December 2010". Met Office. Retrieved 14 August 2011
  6. ^ "Castlederg station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 16 September 2007. 
  7. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 

External links[edit]