Castro County, Texas

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Castro County, Texas
Castro County, TX, Courthouse IMG 4822.JPG
Castro County Courthouse in Dimmitt, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Castro County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1876
Named for Henri Castro
Seat Dimmitt
Largest city Dimmitt
Area
 • Total 899 sq mi (2,328 km2)
 • Land 894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 8,062
 • Density 10/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.castro.tx.us
Rhoads Memorial Library serves Castro County.
Grain elevator in Dimmitt

Castro County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 8,062.[1] The county seat is Dimmitt.[2] The county was named for Henri Castro,[3] who was consul general to France for the Republic of Texas and the founder of a colony in Texas.

The county was organized in 1891, and a courthouse was built about the town square. Temporary county office space, meanwhile, was obtained from businessman J.N. Morrison. The ornate two-story courthouse was completed but was destroyed by lightning in 1906.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 9
1900 400 4,344.4%
1910 1,850 362.5%
1920 1,948 5.3%
1930 4,720 142.3%
1940 4,631 −1.9%
1950 5,417 17.0%
1960 8,923 64.7%
1970 10,394 16.5%
1980 10,556 1.6%
1990 9,070 −14.1%
2000 8,285 −8.7%
2010 8,062 −2.7%
Est. 2012 8,164 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 8,285 people, 2,761 households, and 2,159 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,198 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.35% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 1.17% Native American, 0.02% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 19.12% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. 51.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,761 households out of which 40.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.80% were non-families. 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,619, and the median income for a family was $35,422. Males had a median income of $25,379 versus $20,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,457. About 15.70% of families and 19.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 72. 
  4. ^ Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Dimmitt, Texas
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°32′N 102°16′W / 34.53°N 102.26°W / 34.53; -102.26