Castro Valley, California

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Castro Valley
CDP
Castro Valley, ca. 1970
Castro Valley, ca. 1970
Location of Castro Valley within Alameda County, California.
Location of Castro Valley within Alameda County, California.
Coordinates: 37°41′39″N 122°05′11″W / 37.69417°N 122.08639°W / 37.69417; -122.08639Coordinates: 37°41′39″N 122°05′11″W / 37.69417°N 122.08639°W / 37.69417; -122.08639[1]
Country  United States
State  California
County Alameda
Government
 • State Senate Ellen Corbett (D)[2]
 • State Assembly Bill Quirk (D)[3]
 • U. S. Congress Eric Swalwell (D)[4]
Area[5]
 • Total 16.919 sq mi (43.819 km2)
 • Land 16.635 sq mi (43.083 km2)
 • Water 0.284 sq mi (0.735 km2)  1.68%
Elevation[6] 161 ft (49 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 61,388
 • Density 3,690.3/sq mi (1,424.8/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 94546, 94552
Area code(s) 510
FIPS code 06-11964
GNIS feature IDs 1658237, 2407987

Castro Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in Alameda County, California, United States. As of the 2000 census, it is the fifth most populous unincorporated area in California, and the twenty-third in the United States.[citation needed] The population was 61,388 at the 2010 census.

Castro Valley is named after Don Guillermo Castro, who was a soldier in the Mexican army and a rancher.

First known for chicken ranches, Castro Valley eventually became a bedroom community.

History[edit]

Before the arrival of European settlers the area was settled by the Chocheño (also spelled Chochenyo or Chocenyo) subdivision of the Ohlone Native Americans.

With the arrival of Europeans, Castro Valley was part of the land granted to Mission San Jose in 1797. The area Castro Valley now occupies was part of the extensive colony of New Spain in what was the state of Alta California.

Castro Valley was part of the original 28,000 acre (110 km²) land grant given to Castro, called Rancho San Lorenzo. This land grant included Hayward, San Lorenzo, and Castro Valley, including Crow Canyon, Cull Canyon, and Palomares Canyons. Castro had a gambling habit and had to sell off portions of his land to pay gambling debts. The last of his holding was sold in a sheriff's sale in 1864 to Faxon Atherton for $400,000.[7]

Atherton (after whom the city of Atherton is named[7]) in turn began selling off his portion in smaller parcels. Two gentlemen named Cull (the namesake of Cull Canyon) and Luce bought some 2,400 acres (10 km²) and began running a steam-operated saw mill in Redwood Canyon. The Jensen brothers also bought land from Atherton in 1867.

During the 1940s and 1950s, Castro Valley was known for its chicken ranches. Later it developed into a bedroom community, where workers live and commute to their jobs in the surrounding communities.[8]

Geography[edit]

Lake Chabot lies at the north of Castro Valley. Directly to the west is San Leandro. Hayward is to the south. To the east, the closest cities are San Ramon, Dublin and Pleasanton. The San Leandro Hills extend along the northeastern edge of the community.

The eastern hills of Castro Valley constitute the headwaters of the San Lorenzo Creek watershed and the origin of several creeks that flow into San Lorenzo Creek: Bolinas, Castro Valley, Chabot, Crow, Cull, Eden, Hollis, Kelly Canyon, Norris, and Palomares creeks.

Interstate 580, with BART tracks in the center, near Castro Valley.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that 61,388 people, 22,348 households, and 16,112 families resided in the CDP. The population density was 3,690.3 people per square mile (1,424.8/km²). There were 23,392 housing units at an average density of 1,382.6 per square mile (533.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 58.0% White (49.5% non-Hispanic), 6.9% African American (6.6% non-Hispanic), 0.5% Native American, 21.4% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 6.1% from other races, and 6.3% from two or more races. 17.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The Census reported that 98.0% of the population lived in households, 0.4% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1.5% were institutionalized.

There were 22,348 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 54.3% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present. 5.0% of households were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 1.0% were same-sex married couples or partnerships. 21.7% of households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.

The population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% aged 18 to 24, 24.5% aged 25 to 44, 31.1% aged 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

There were 23,392 housing units of which 69.0% were owner-occupied and 31.0% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.4%. 68.8% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29.2% lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 57,292 people, 21,606 households, and 15,016 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,971.6 people per square mile (1,533.0/km²). There were 22,003 housing units at an average density of 1,525.3 per square mile (588.7/km²).

There were 21,606 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $76,197, and the median income for a family was $91,713 as of a 2008 estimate.[11] About 2.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Rowell Rodeo Park

Art and culture[edit]

Castro Valley is one of the sites where Joseph Eichler built some of the 10,000 or so homes he built in the Bay Area.[12] Castro Valley has a one-screen movie theater, the Chabot Cinema. The Castro Village complex on Castro Valley Boulevard is widely considered the commercial center of town.[13] The Harry Rowell Rodeo Ranch is located in Castro Valley, and is managed by the Hayward Area Recreation and Park District. Rodeos are held there regularly.[14]

Historical landmarks & museums[edit]

Site of the first public school in Castro Valley
Location 19200 Redwood Rd., Castro Valley, California
Coordinates 37°42′24″N 122°04′26″W / 37.7067°N 122.073983°W / 37.7067; -122.073983
Reference No. 776[15]

First public school in Castro Valley[edit]

The first public school in Castro Valley is a designated California Historical Landmark. A plaque is placed at the original site. The one-room schoolhouse was donated for "educational purposes only," by Josiah Grover Brickell in 1866. Brickell provided the salary for the first teacher. During the day the teacher taught children and in the evening they taught farmhands.[15] The school burnt down in 1901. It was rebuilt and burned down again in 1920. A new school was built on another property.[16]

Law and government[edit]

Castro Valley is an unincorporated community and thus is governed directly by the County of Alameda. There is no city police force, with policing provided by the Alameda County Sheriff's Office and the California Highway Patrol. The town has its own fire protection district and school district. To date, all efforts to incorporate Castro Valley have been voted down by its residents.[8]

Education[edit]

Castro Valley is served by the Castro Valley Unified School District. Overall, the district contains almost 9,000 students.[17] The main high school is Castro Valley High School with over 3000 students.[18] Castro Valley also has Redwood High School, an alternative high school with approximately 193 students in 2005.[19] The school district includes the Castro Valley Adult School.

There is also a Roman Catholic school, called Our Lady of Grace (K-8), which is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland. Redwood Christian Schools has one elementary school (K-5) Redwood Christian Elementary.[20]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 580 traffic

Interstate 580, which approaches from the east, makes a turn northward at Castro Valley. Interstate 238, which originates in Castro Valley, connects I-580 to Interstate 880. In addition to being served by those two freeways, Castro Valley is served with public transportation by bus system AC Transit, and rapid transit system BART with a station.

Historically, Castro Valley Boulevard was part of the first transcontinental highway system, the Lincoln Highway.[citation needed]

The three crosses of the Neighborhood Church form a prominent local landmark.
Palomares Hills (on the east side of Castro Valley) looking south toward Palomares Canyon.
Eden Medical Center

Services[edit]

Eden Medical Center operates in Castro Valley. It is a Sutter Health facility, and provides basic emergency medical services for the area.[21]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  4. ^ "California's 15th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Census". Retrieved 2012-09-15. 
  6. ^ "Castro Valley". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  7. ^ a b Gudde, Erwin Gustav. "California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names" University of California Press 2004. 495 pp.
  8. ^ a b Lorge, L, Phelps, R, Weston, D. "Castro Valley" Arcadia Publishing, 2005. 128 pp.
  9. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-09-15. 
  12. ^ Jones, Carolyn (June 8, 2000). "Vanishing Eichlers / Devotees try to curb loss of 1950s-era modernist tract homes". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Communications Inc.). Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  13. ^ "Castro Village Shopping Center". Castrovillage.com. Retrieved 2012-09-15. 
  14. ^ "index". Rowellranchrodeo.com. Retrieved 2012-09-15. 
  15. ^ a b "Site of the first public school in Castro Valley". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 05 October 2012. 
  16. ^ Christian, John. "Other Early Castro Valley Schools (That Weren't Borrowed, Stolen, Or Made to Disappear)". Local Voices. Hayward Area Historical Society. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  17. ^ "Our Schools — Castro Valley Unified School District". Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  18. ^ "2007-2008 School Profile - Castro Valley High School" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-09-02. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Redwood Alternative High School/Redwood Continuation High School". Retrieved 2008-09-02. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Redwood Christian Schools". Redwood Christian Schools. 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
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  28. ^ Darren Brazil
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External links[edit]