Castroville City Hall
|Nickname(s): The Little Alsace of Texas|
Location of Castroville, Texas
|• Total||2.6 sq mi (6.6 km2)|
|• Land||2.5 sq mi (6.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||758 ft (231 m)|
|• Density||1,045.4/sq mi (403.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||78009, 78023|
|GNIS feature ID||1353948|
Castroville was established in 1844 by Henri Castro, an empresario of the Republic of Texas, who brought several dozen European families to the area from Alsace and adjoining Baden to populate his land grant along the Medina River 20 miles west of San Antonio. The first colonists disembarked at Galveston on January 9, 1843. They were taken by ship to Lavaca Bay and travelled overland to San Antonio, where they took shelter in abandoned buildings until the Texas Rangers were prepared to escort them to their land and protect them from hostile Indians. On September 2, 1844, the first colonists arrived at Castro's land grant on the Medina River.
After a few hard years, the town and surrounding farms flourished, although for generations, the residents remained insular. In Castroville's first century, a visitor would be more likely to hear Alsatian — a language spoken in Europe before high German was invented— than English spoken in the town's homes, stores and taverns. Modern Alsatian travelers have noted that the dialect spoken in Castroville is more like that spoken in the 1840s. The descendants of the original settlers have diligently worked to preserve their language, which is being slowly eradicated by political actions between France and Germany, especially since WWII.
Today, though, native speakers of Alsatian are dying out, and fewer of the town's residents can trace their ancestry back to the original Castro colonists. The suburbs of nearby San Antonio are encroaching, and much of the town has been made a national historic district to preserve the unique, sloped-roof architecture of dozens of original Alsatian homes and shops.
Castroville is a sister city of Ensisheim (Alsace) in France.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), of which, 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) of it is land and 0.39% is covered with water.
As of the census of 2010, 3,053 people resided in the city. The population density was 1,045.4 people per square mile (403.4/km²). There were 1,025 housing units at an average density of 402.2 per square mile (155.2/km²).
Of the 941 households, 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were not families. About 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the city, the population was distributed as 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,308, and for a family was $51,007. Males had a median income of $35,625 versus $27,228 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,615. About 5.4% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Castroville is served by the Medina Valley Independent School District and by the Saint Louis Catholic School (prekindergarten through fifth grade).
The historic St. Louis Catholic Church is located in downtown Castroville; pastor James Conway (2011).
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Wolff, Linda (1999). Indianola and Matagorda Island 1837 - 1887. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press. p. 9. ISBN 1-57168-340-2.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Castroville, Texas official Page
- Castroville Chamber of Commerce
- http://www.castrovilletx.com/castroville-texas-history.htm Castroville Texas City History
- Handbook of Texas Online: Castroville, Texas