Calcium ions play a primary role in the regulation of sperm motility. This gene belongs to a family of putative cation channels that are specific to spermatozoa and localize to the flagellum. The protein family features a single repeat with six membrane-spanning segments and a predicted calcium-selective pore region. This gene is part of a tandem repeat on chromosome 15q15; the second copy of this gene is thought to be a pseudogene.
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Clapham DE, Garbers DL (2005). "International Union of Pharmacology. L. Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of CatSper and two-pore channels.". Pharmacol. Rev.57 (4): 451–4. doi:10.1124/pr.57.4.7. PMID16382101.